zithromax single dose powder price chopper can i take excedrin with celebrex singulair 10mg tab casa manufacturera del medicamento amoxil de 500 mg does oral prednisone cause weight gain inasweets.com lamisil tablet price ph propecia for sale uk obat dilatrend atau carvedilol untuk apa sore throat lexapro withdrawal warchiwach.pl perbedaan mifepriston sama misoprostol doxepin 50 mit amphetamine wirkung novaisi.com levocin antibiotic allegra baby names australian dream and coumadin interaction uzdrowisko-ewa.pl what antibiotics at walmart can treat clamydia how to get anafranil is sandoz amoxicillin 500mg cap works for sour troat medicamentos keflex medicadent.ru does wellbutrin xl lower your metabolism treatment of cystitis bactrim heavyanalytics.com metronidazole for dogs how many days cheap viagra 100 uk topiramate cost walmart judytaylor.com tetracycline eye ointment in india advil and prednisone interactions buy fluconazole online usa nexium 40 mg price usa napabusinessadvantage.com metformin for cystic acne how much does clomipramine cost za azithromycin bertibarots online peut on acheter du cialis sans ordonnance proscar and rapaflo bupkoeln.de what is the dosage of gabapentin for dogs vermogensbeheer.net can lexapro affect the menstrual cycle buy acyclovir cream uk doxycycline cat abscess dose of augmentin 457 metronidazole and clostridium why does orlistat not work for me clonidine 0.1 mg benazepril hcl 10mg tab what can i do about prednisone withdrawal joint pain how long is buspirone hcl in your system achat de viagra sur internet aripiprazole works obat glucophage baclofen and sertralin interaction lisinopril 2.5 mg daily how much is cytotec in quiapo azascd.org buy accutane online with prescription does keflex cause rash is it bad to drink when on augmentin erythromycin bee why does metformin cause upset stomach plavix lawsuit update globaldealercentre.com can u cut paxil in half atovaquone proguanil doxycycline ou mefloquine stopping cymbalta symptoms prilosec and nizoral mobilfo.com henrycavillfan.org where can i buy voltaren retard in ny can dexamethasone treat pityriasis rosea is it ok to take valacyclovir an emuaid cream gophercount.com taking viagra and flomax estrace and memory loss how do i apply lamisil for balanitis fluconazole 200 mg causing diarrhea western-showline.de generic cialis in india online bactrim sirup galenika side effect of taking raw ginger with ciprofloxacin lisinoprilpenggunaan pagi atau malam buy amoxicillin no prescription cardizem 240 er vancampinc.com can amoxillin treat sinus and flu 24w6d preg ic levofloxacin viagra for her advertisements could i the ibuprofen and viagra what are the side effect of 30 mg ro accutane mytime99.com ithipster.pl mkvisio.pl dog tooth infection doxycycline all about mifepristone and misoprostol vintagevideo.co.uk agrirobo.pl iheartjonahbees.net buspirone seroquel interaction dapoxetine prodej ciprofloxacin tremors what is ciprofloxacin solution medicine available in mumbai for good erection isoptin maximum dose dostinex e cortisone ciprofloxacin 250 dosage std does azithromycin treat does flagyl lower immune system viagra ya ne boyus how much does amoxicillin 500mg cost in ireland how long for remeron to work for depression how long do you have to be on clomid does taper off remeron cause flu like symptoms albuterol inhaler sample cycle for fat loss ile-au-tresor.net accidentally doubled metformin dose can zoloft cause gynecomastia synthesis of erythromycin b does medicare pay for tamoxifen tablets is azithromycin nephrotoxic salep dexamethasone can seroquel xr be used for sleeping pills can you get high on amoxil intoxica??o ivermectina c?es tratamento doxycycline for morgellons gingivitis augmentin brianlinton.com misoprostol venta sin receta en morelia webfin.pl nolvadex dosage mid cycle buy celebrex online paroxetine hcl 20 mg and clonazepam cheap kamagra tablets uk prednisone and ephedra rizatriptan benz vs maxalt how to dissolve prazosin for injection michaelgahler.de can i take ativan with lexapro lexapro 20mg sleepy clomid 100mg tablets results urdu any side effects and or law suits on micardis mp bribing voters viagra chizeaphockey.com fluconazole oral thrush dose doxycycline 100 mg pune cost cipla india atal bihari in apki adalat sildenafil glaucoma carbimazole and levothyroxine together principio do aciclovir substituting cymbalta for lexapro on progesterone and clomid on day 38 negative test hpaulsantmire.com chen-liu.com iphone-accessory.cn mycities.com.au maxalt max 10mg 6 liotabs single dose cipro metronidazole for treatment of piles out of date prednisone thumbuy.com viagra pharmacy sales london bikerlawblog.com ampicillin cost unesco-iicas.org ampicillin slow release levaquin gout like symptoms association-secours-sante.cm provera medroxyprogesterone acetate regulate period para que sirve doxazosin tablets usp 8mg medication stronger than cipro webtodesigns.co uk based kamagra posologia moduretic pasti voltaren retard 100 mg prospect normal inr without coumadin herbs and levitra can bactrim be used to treat lyme disease can a girl get horny with viagra generic sildenafil from india spironolactone drink water clomid iui infertility can zoloft increase prolactin walmart citalopram gluten free how often can you take the one does fluconazole 150mg maxalt rpd 3liof 10mg worldwide-yacht-charter.com mehmetaliguven.com gnc nolvadex amlodipine and valsartan dissolution zoloft for 5 year old anxiety mooboos.com is valtrex or acyclovir better for cold sores is flomax available in liquid form cebuweb.tk metoprolol tartrate 50 mg 4 tablet overdose tab linezolid 300mg meblebrzozowe24.pl melanievotaw.com aspirin vs celebrex for immediate pain relief antibiotics and sertraline hydrochloride 50mg tablet medroxyprogesterone 20mg webfin.pl what is the dosage for amoxicillin for sinus infections unde cumpar cialis vermogensbeheer.net ibicisi.com difference apo doxy et azithromycin germani viagra cyproheptadine feline paxil fluvoxamine can you use conditioner with nizoral shampoo lisinopril hydrochlorothiazide french conversion norvasc lip swelling can you use erythromycin and zirgan together occupational exposure band tamoxifen how to get a prescription online from a doctor lexapro 10 mg vs 20 mg sousyakai.net allcoinreviews.org gia vien viagra diff between womens cialis and mens cymbalta duloxetina 50 baclofen pill id ondansetron ampoules is generic viagra from india any good price in india of super kamagra 4 tablet metspirit.com metro2034.pl ivermectin subcutaneous dosage nolvadex men take linezolid vs oxacillin efeitos secundarios do celebrex metronidazole brand in the philippines bula flagyl creme norvasc muscle weakness buy lotensin snafi tadalafil 20mg t 20 will viagra keep my hard after ejaculation sildenafil troche 110 mg images does everyone lose weight on wellbutrin ciprofloxacin dosing renal impairment metformin and no side effects amoxicillinum 75 mg cena discount singulair clozapine uk turned really red after viagra intake plavix and vitamin k fluconazole 150 mg tabs babahaber.net medicosefectivos.net can cats take metronidazole 250 mg woodmizer.org.pl guna salep voltaren will 500mg amoxicillin daily cure boils dipyridamole cost hpaulsantmire.com ocupas receta para conseguir cytotec para abortar buy flagyl europe side effects of not taking synthroid 0.125mcg morbidoutlook.com zovirax 10g dutasteride phase 3 internationalintellectualproperty.org the use of sublingual nifedipine average retail cost of cymbalta viagra master card purchase can you take arimidex with tamoxifen steroids melanievotaw.com septra ds sun buspar patient teaching azithromycin mutagenicity finasteride 72 batkomuhendislik.com levitra preis luxemburg does amoxicillin come in liquid for dogs irishphil.com will zithromax work if crushed in a drink hashtonim.com 25 mg zoloft twice daily fluconazole 150mg for breast thrush allegra asian glow metro2034.pl how does plan b affect seroquel neurontin and trazodone atarax and night terrors is daily cialis best for older men azithromycin z pack buy online pregnancy wellbutrin sr towns20.com using cialis for working out veziris.com amoxicillin and insomnia in toddlers houseontheisland.com azithromycin mymbai vbtube.com cost viagra pfizer 100mg hillsboroughcountyfair.com veziris.com azithromycin will treat jock itch can amoxicillin treat urethritis nizoral shampoo saudi arabia uk viagra online alhafeer4dev.sy metformin xr side effects wallflore.co.uk side effects of taking doxycycline on an empty stomach omega 3 fatty acids and metformin 150 mg bupropion where can i buy generic viagra with a mastercard bupropion iv use can advil be taken with septra ds astakaryaindotama.com will a quarter of a cialis work lexam 10 escitalopram wpmodder.com achy after prednisone itraconazol ketoconazol en terbinafine buy clomid serm uk cost quarter of viagra pill something similar to augmentin zofran in early pregnancy drug reaction levothyroxine and vytorin webfin.pl cheapest terbinafine hydrochloride creams in india generic cialis vs brand name cialis viagra cheap sale can ciprotab cure pneumonia benicar 80 does nolvadex help gyno designtide.jp singulair medication for babies nexium and klonopin interaction hopemedicaleducation.com metro2034.pl singulair 5mg price why the increase in levitra costs misoprostolo tab woodmizer.net.pl viagra barbados how long does gabapentin withdrawal last benefits of using cialis viagra mission statement doxycycline syrup strength where to buy albuterol inhaler canine levaquin dosage amiodarone 3a4 inhibitor ciprotab side effects where i get viagra in riyadh ciprofloxacin without insurance indicatifs-telephoniques.net wellbutrin sr 200 mg once a day why can use levofloxacin injection in dog uzdrowisko-ewa.pl uso de ciprofloxacin hcl500mg. amoxicillin and clavulanate potassium tablets usp uses yagbank.com tums and cialis interactions bupropion sr image how much is acyclovir without insurance obat imipraminetofranil amitriptyline 50 milligrams lisinopril 2.5 mg used taking 1500 mg metformin hcl er at bedtime levofloxacina y yasmin we-net.org mooboos.com hortexpo.com prednisone side effects anger articles on esomeprazole magnesium dihydrate cost of decadron eyedrops in rsa can i take remeron and cymbalta together finasteride for transgender aygestin and weight gain doxycycline similar to penicillin zoloft 50 mg social anxiety can testing to early on clomid give u negative androidcihaz.com nolvadex reduce gyno lump levitra 10mg tablets precio de levitra en farmacia im-still-learning.com allegra x solar effect of thyroxine on glucose metabolism hydroxyzine 25 mg effects hopemedicaleducation.com erowid topiramate lisinopril versus atenolol prescribing dosage cialis 80 mg australia stopped taking lexapro after 1 week does clomid make your period last longer levitra versus viagra dosages can you take clomid for more than five days sildenafil masticable cuanto dura name of drug which tramadol mixed with baclofen hydrochlorothiazide and lasix medievalcostumesandgifts.com can you use ketoconazole cream for cold sores metronidazole 599 mg vuongminh.com amitriptyline 10 mgh institute ondansetron hydrochloride solution dosage for cats taking elavil while pregnant uncn.org amlodipine lisinopril interactions imajji.com magkano zithromax sa mercury drug websitedesignportcharlotte.com naproxen cost healthylifestyleart.com how much phenergan can i take with ambien griseofulvin dangers how much is the cost of maxalt 10 milligrams irtech.com.pl haltner.com association-secours-sante.cm accutane motley rice neurontin get you high switching from armour to synthroid can injection lasix cause hyperkalemia original viagra packaging im-still-learning.com can gabapentin cause thirst in cats i took doxycycline and still have symptoms nijkerkerveen.com can zoloft cause you to shake erythromycin 250 mg tablets for acne where can i buy stacker 2 diet pills fruehstuecks-club.net mycities.com.au how long do propranolol side effects last can erythromycin interfere with lansoprazole avodart capsule molli 0 5 mg baclofen tablets i p metoprolol how long before it works h-o-s.co.uk costco pharmacy price celebrex how to stop zoloft cold turkey montelukast sodium side effects high blood oral fluconazole high systemic concentration buy cheap generic viagra online flagyl side effects for pregnant women synthroid 100 mg pre?§o zoloft withdrawal neck zaps aldactone for water retention hbm.org.pl ephedra paxil cialis kamagra opinie buy sertraline 50 mg inasweets.com can i inject atarax 10 mg tablet lisinopril looks different has anyone used levofloxacin to treat trich cgtheink.com how to buy clomid online capetown celexa side effects dementia what is drug lexapro used for inderal 10 mg indications harbifilmizle.com vrlaksaraytransfer.com meloxicam efectos sewcundarios buy albuterol oral clomid 50 mg 30 tablet price shopper drug mart should i take propecia or not augmentin bd 1000mg price in pk cfx cipro alatnj.org cialis canada buy sirve el voltaren en gel para las hemorroides singulair price us nazilliescortbayan.com can you get a buzz off paroxetine 40 mg side effects of stopping lexapro reflux babahaber.net autogiant.com cialis drugstores resep obat misoprostol cytotec pfizer propecia effetti collaterali dopo 10 anni taking cialis 2 days in a row mediatrax.com verapamil generic price harga obat plavix clopidogrel 75 mg tablet is dog cephalexin the same as human cephalexin lotensin 20 12.5 can i take oxycodone with levaquin what is the best way to get off atorvastatin kosbonso.com side effect of viagra if someone use it continously can you mix toradol and phenergan injection buy dog antibiotic eyedrop uk zovirax labiale casa farmaceutica nifedipine 5mg sublingual safe in breastfeeding 1819wine.com topamax intracranial pressure webster.sasakistrategies.com chest pain after stopping metoprolol any long term side effects from cialis we-net.org

Rome's Zenit News

 Fecha: 2013-02-08

The demand for surrogacy is growing, as data from Israel shows. Israel’s High Court recently heard a case involving a same-sex couple in which it came out that in the last eight years there have been 314 cases of overseas surrogacy for Israelis, and 70% of them took place in the last two years, the newspaper Haaretz reported Feb. 3.

The High Court asked the government to consider easing some of the procedures Israelis have to go through to adopt children born of surrogate mothers. If this is done it could well lead to a further increase in cases of surrogacy.

Concern over the exploitation of women in poorer countries by Western couples has led the Indian government to introduce restrictions. From now on only couples married for two years and from countries where surrogacy is legal will be able to obtain the services of surrogate mothers, Australia’s ABC radio reported Jan. 15.

According to the report prior to the new restrictions about 200 children a year were being born in India for Australian couples, but that number will now drastically decline.

The case against the use of surrogate mothers was made in a report just published by Ireland’s Iona Institute, titled, “The Ethical Case Against Surrogate Motherhood: What We Can Learn from the Law of Other European Countries.”

The report follows comments last year by Ireland’s Justice Minister, Alan Shatter, who announced the government planned to regularize surrogacy.

An object

“Surrogacy compromises the dignity of the child by making the child the object of a contract—a commodity,” the report argued. “It further compromises the dignity of the mother, even if her participation is voluntary, by merely treating her as a ’womb for hire’,” it added.

Surrogacy creates a situation where up to five people have some sort of claim on a child – the adopting couple, the genetic parents, and the surrogate mother - the Iona Institute pointed out.

It is virtually uncontested, the report continued, that children do better when brought up by their own biological parents. Given this it is legitimate for governments to have laws that support such families.

The commodification of children in surrogacy was highlighted by the report when it mentioned that due to the high costs involved couples tend to have the mentality that they deserve children who are more likely to be good-looking and successful in life.

Evidence shows that there is high demand for women who donate ova who are good-looking and have high IQs. Potential donors need to answer detailed questions about their physical attributes, family background and academic record. Many clinics also use pre-implantation diagnosis to screen for any genetic defects and also to select the sex of the baby.

The report also mentioned the difficulties faced by surrogate mothers. Even though they are aware of the commercial nature of their pregnancy, nevertheless many find it difficult to distance themselves emotionally from the child they bore. There is little data available on the long-term effects for surrogate mothers, the Iona Institute noted, but it is reasonable to expect that there will be psychological consequences.

As well, once the children find out they are not the natural offspring of their legal parents then, as with adopted children, this can create problems. In the case of surrogate children the situation is even worse as they were not given up by their mother due to adverse circumstances, but as a result of a commercial arrangement.


The report also argued that in some cases surrogate motherhood can be similar to human trafficking. It cited cases from some Asian countries where illegal surrogacy rings imprisoned and even forcibly impregnated women with embryos created from other women.

In India many of the women who act as surrogate mothers are from poor rural backgrounds and are vulnerable to exploitation. The money such women gain through being surrogates is certainly welcome, but the Iona Institute observed, “poverty does not allow for a truly free choice to be made.”

“Women’s bodies become commodities through which others can purchase what they wish to have, and most or all care, concern, and medical attention is directed at the child while the surrogate mother is left to fend for herself,” the report commented.

Surrogacy reduces both the mother and the baby to commodities and as this is a violation of human dignity it should be banned by governments, the Iona Institute insisted.

Adoption is substantially different from surrogacy, the report argued. In adoption the birth mother makes a decision based on what is best for the child. By contrast, in surrogacy the decision is made by the adopting parents based on what is best for them. “It is therefore inherently adult-centred in a way adoption is not,” the report added.

The increasing trend to the legalization of same-sex marriages will inevitably lead to higher demand for surrogate babies, with all the negative consequences identified by the Iona Institute.

--- --- ---

On the Net:

Full text of report: www.ionainstitute.ie/assets/files/Surrogacy%20final%20PDF.pdf

Most Popular