termitepestsolutions.com mail order accutane can seroquel xr be used for sleeping pills nizoral and milk 10 mg tablets tadalafil sunrise canada viagra uk ireland generic sub bactrim ds side effects from 2 prednisone pills mightyrabbitstudios.com ilosone 500 mg bula hhpz.org camerata.com lipitor while taking cipro tiger sildenafil whats the maximum dose of phenergan for sleep buy nolvadex singapore strausser.com glumet dc metformin 500 mg kamagra gel srpski magnano-tech.com ketoconazole tablet obat apa ya what is the location of the celebrex commercial haciendahotel-oldtown.com remeron indicatii metformin for diabetes and vaginal discharge bengbeng.de how much does accutane cost in south carolina colchicine dosage uk khasiat obat nizoral terbinafine can it remove tattoos kikkaskitchen.com dosis plavix untuk dvt prophylaxis pastillas abortivas misoprostol en.queretaro 5x5.hu horners.org.uk can pms valacyclovir help impetigo viagra money pak ikoa-f.com buy cheap amoxicillin online gabapentin and high blood sugar ip 272 bactrim dexamethasone injectabil prospect coumadin online dosing calculator rakhi sawant aap ki adalat full episode cheap viagra prices venta de cytotec en hyo mercado libre can amoxyl go with flagyl and cotrimoxazole at what price orlistat available in market in india termitepestsolutions.com ketoconazole without sls biotech ciproflaxacin is it safe to take depo provera while taking topomax olanzapine high suss 250 with finasteride generic avodart review waterfrontalehouse.com au cialis metodo para hacer sino funciona cytotec plavix generic dosage can you take viagra while taking xarelto firsttimetravels.com lamisil vs lotrimin sinequanone buy banka intesa provera stanja na racunu preko interneta wilbraham.com grandlakehistory.org withdrawal symptoms of cymbalta 30 gothamistllc.com buy nolvadex real grandlakehistory.org citalopram costo .pe veofinancial.com can i use azithromycin 250 mg for cough prednisone dosing chart dog 200 mg de serophene corral88.org how many milligeam if cialis for 350 lb man cialis uk over the counter golfnewmexico.com cialis 600 mg what are esomeprazole krka 40 mg tablets for addictedtoallthingspretty.com theisod.org leg twitching citalopram cerisdieventi.com what is flagyl 200mg tablets for viagra online with paypal benazepril 93 managedent.ca nizoral ketoconazole 20 mg por 1 g prospect verapamil gel buspar snort dose of azithromycin 500 for sore throat sideinfo.com.br heavyanalytics.com side effect of metronidazole during pregnancy. zoloft reduction and muscle pain accutane 20mg a day how does amitriptyline hcl make you tired atorvastatin calcium price in uae nasminc.com cvs lawsuit on metronidazole and metformin mic ups price propecia philippines haciendahotel-oldtown.com garlic and propranolol client.ilmatic.pl nexium for stomach flu do vardenafil. 20 mg work antivir hascovir groprinosin czy zovirax. amlodipine besylate recreational use strattera 24 hour springracinginsights.com buy xenical nigeria generic lexapro purchase propranolol 40 mg are good for cumdown off speed stopping zyprexa rf5.org louielouie.net bactrim ds dosage for preseptal cellulitis can you take plavix without aspirin ns 398 celecoxib efectos secundarios strattera 10 mg celexa side effects after 3 month augmentin duo 1000 mg cost inr webbrowsers.lv westwoodhomesinc.com ebusiness-lab.gr doxycycline cost australia naproxen 1000 mg and alcohol cialis cene dosage of doxycycline hyclate for cats arroyograndecc.com fluconazole 50mg good for what 5weeks pregnant cytotec cost of misoprostol india amoxicillin from mexico to us does your heart pound when you take prednisone zofran over the counter equivalent buy viagra online us bengbeng.de trazodone 150 mg street value does buspar or lexapro make you lose hair eu-atp.org sildenafil citrate tablets hongyra ciprolex tz pregnancy cialis 5mgs how long should i use ciprodex generic isotretinoin products compared cani take my 60 mg of prednisone all at once will clomid and duphaston affect my period does nitroglycerin blows up at high altitude sevban.com zofran odt 8 mg price generic plavix drug side effects of bactrim in esrd is there gluten or dairy in montelukast cipro 3 day treatment with food or no azithromycin suspension for cat what strength of amoxil bd tabs can norvasc cause slow heart rate kegunaan dari solinfec ketoconazole buy telmisartan online is it safe to masterbate when metronidazole vaginal gel shampo apa yg mengandung nizoral can you split diovan hct 80 mg pills can one take clomid seven days from periods onset nolvadex 20mg sterilite masculine cymbalta weaken immune system afdoor.com tadalafil 20mgsertaline tablets bigdaddyssigns.com happyknits.com afekchess.com vendo magnus sildenafil 50 mg zona escobar proventil generic name order cialis with paypal flagyl 500 mg ne ise yarar kamagra jelly 100mg uk benicar and prostate cheap propecia for sale albuterol asthma inhaler availability in ireland difference between novo and mylan sertraline linezolid nhs cost tamoxifen side effects joint pain dws-xip.pl cipro xl 500 mexico cheap viagra online reviews meccanicanova.com phenergan cough medicine for acid reflux livox antibiotic in bangladesh strangfuneral.org what is doxycycline and prednisone used to treat olenzepin and flagyle nearion.com how does plan b affect seroquel neurontin and trazodone buying cialis in puerto vallarta mexico is it ok to give a 4 year old zofran theorientalhotels.com till-landry.com provera 2.5 mg review antibiotic for uti that is gluten free prescription appetite stimulants for kids in canada iaspm2013.espora.es coming off neurontin side effects grandcanyonbrewery.com will zofran get you high lisinopril es igual que lisinopril hydrochorothiazide ebusiness-lab.gr bisenconsulting.com 100mg topamax side effects camerata.com how fast zovirax ointment will work flagyl buy on 60 pms metoprolol buy cheap finasteride 1mg cheap propecia online no prescription sside effects compared lasix torsemide bumetanide can you buy phenergan in canada decadron injection wiki bizconst.org clomid dosage pct norvasc vs cardizem spanish doxycycline hyclate 100mg finasteride in women side effects sildenafil citrate equivalent black cobra 120 can you get high off gabapentin 1800 mg q2melbourne.com haciendahotel-oldtown.com zovirax acyclovir 200mg and alchol metronidazole tabs treatment for tonsilitis double dosing neurontin and flexeril with alcohol how to get high with paxil dunnacupuncture.com emberdomme.com clomid fourth try kktc.itu.edu.tr amoxicillin cost walgreens can you snort naproxen 500 mg chinaskinny.com can i snort trazodone 300 mg arroyograndecc.com difference between cipro and cipro denk phenergan syrup dose for 2 month old baby maxoderm and viagra avvsagradafamilia.net acne tablets accutane price in india thecottonfilm.com lexapro en indonesia gabapentin bipolar dosing paxil after 6 months schwanderins.com horsesthyroxine sodium levels telmisartan hctz long term side effect firsttimetravels.com en loja las putas usan misoprostol viagra online best price heavyanalytics.com kamagra online kaufen wo purchase kamagra uk aspirin vs clopidogrel cost effectiveness ncodingnerd.com naproxen 149 teva lamisil discontinued uses of fluconazole tablet blue pill mirtazapine and alcohol interaction harga pil mifepristone misoprostol coumadin 6.6 robertjszmidt.pl liquid amoxicillin if chilled shelf life buy clomid paypal thearcofnovatrust.com can you take nexium with metronidazole zymeth ketoconazole bar cost am1320.com carlosfloresmusic.com till-landry.com can you take doxycycline when having diabetes is synthroid 25 mcg safe during breastfeeding what happens if a take cialis 10 mg every day buy nexium prices azascd.org accidently double dosed on levothyroxine medication meloxicam para que sirve flomax kidney stones price walmart gkris.com dr x viagra dctourguideonline.com levitra online india canine dossage zyvox cyst on testicle tablets can i take ciprofloxacin fluconazole 150 mg capsules lamisil cream for cold sores atomoxetine hydrocloride 10m.g bad effect davidkadner.cz thyroxine purchase uk doubleglazingcompanies.com cat albuterol inhaler meloxicam con metocarbamol lineofoslo.no what std do azithromycin 500 mg cure effect of ciprotab on early buspirone francais libido addictedtoallthingspretty.com rantical.com are papaya pills safe to take with nexium 400 mg diflucan for sinus infection kegunaan obat misoprostol 250 mg twentynineinches-de.com sweetcheekshq.com ansbach-direkt.de does prednisone cause night sweats canada cialis 5mg phenergan suppository buy australia curtingolf.com martinus-schule-baesweiler.de stories1st.org thuoc atarax 25mg metronidazole nursing kittens valacyclovir prevention shingles problems with 20 mg lexapro bactrim side effects wear off famvir or valtrex which is better rooibos erectile dysfunction buspirone hydrochloride reviews plavix and anemia cheap viagra new zealand eude.es lanoxin 125 mg bijsluiter viagra levitra cialis pharmacist prescription drug atenolol 75 mg equivalent metoprolol succinate digoxin level blood tube color in uk winn dixie free antibiotics sklepy-zoologiczne.pl buy maxalto dirtbiker.cz can metformin be purchased over the counter nz hcpcs code for montelukast pressure too low on benicar and bystolic brownhousephoto.com sildenafil in malaysia kegunaan ketoconazole cream 2 do women like men who use cialis pfizer viagra uk monograph antibiotic 100mg backboneitgroup.com 2016filmleri.org mirtazapine loses sleep effect zyban pret pms fluconazole 150 mg discussion of generic viagra lamisil 250mg doxepin baclofen zyprexa po im conversion can you buy neurontin over the counter bayrakogullari.com what is cabergoline 500 microgram vpdcorp.com cut zyprexa tablet in half vpdcorp.com topamax odchudzanie does flagyl 400mg treat respiratory tract infections punkfiction.com taking propranolol and testasterone together rwmeierlaw.com obat ciprofloxacin sirup grass city la where to get prescription how much does 100 pills of 800 mg neurontin cost bigdaddyssigns.com lisinopril dosage 7.5 mg lexapro costco price tamsulosina tabletas westwoodhomesinc.com cerazette desogestrel 75 mg side effects edgewaterstudio.com chamber.md sideinfo.com.br agrofph.com lexapro vs escitalopram kaupers-kapellenhof.de adega.info glucophage xr 750 dawkowanie can i take protein with montelukast paroxetine sandoz withdrawal time length adega.info femara price us debtspecialistcentre.com cpg 75 clopidogrel arilarotokiralama.com cyproheptadine vien dau can you take a tylenol with buspar 5 mg propecia 5mg or 1mg dose xenical mengikut mims atorvastatina 20mg price walmart asi.wpgsystem.com augmentin picie alkoholu augmentin and sunbathing atorvastatin 10 mg tablet price generic amoxicillin inactive ingredients chloramphenicol 5 eye drops otc bactrim ondansetron guardian can u take nyquil with keflex antibiotics lemurialifecoaching.com metronidazole cream for jock utch iv zofran onset peak duration instrucciones para usar cytotec 18 semanas lasix no prescription needed zum.no does 40 mg nexium work better than 20 mg metoprolol 5 mg iv citalopram 140 mg eating chocolate and synthroid order viagra online pfizer how much is azithromycin over the counter walgreens lisinopril 10 mg robertjszmidt.pl propranolol 40mg fait il grossir how to make metformin tolerable golfnewmexico.com olanzapine 10 mg oral dispersible tablets hydroxyzine hcl oral withdrawal lisinopril 10 mg does it bother reumatoid arthritis diabetes count while on metformin twentynineinches-de.com ivermectin 6 kegunaan tablet dexamethasone 0,5 mg hand tremors pregnancy wellbutrin nolvadex pharmaceuticals ab albuterol inhaler dosage for 1 year old will baclofen help ssri withdrswal human ivermectin tablets for dogs in india atenolol and hydrochlorothiazide can cause hepatitis clomid apteka obat salep feldene piroxicam metformin 1000mg pcos weight loss tamsulosin dose uk vpdcorp.com 100mg viagra equal how much cialis price of viagra in philippines zofran zydis 4mg 10 tablet ncodingnerd.com miss taking 125 mg of thyroxine what to do dosage amount fish antibiotic erythromycin fehmierduran.com viagra cost compare fluconazole 150 mg tablet espanol is tt good to have viagra while planing for a baby cytotec dosage for 3weeks pregnancy vpdcorp.com doxycycline 30 mg for dogs can you snort escitalopram oxalate 10mg and get high oeufspolis.com do wal mart sell flagyl 500mg phenergan get high stendhal.com ikoa-f.com isotretinoin 10mg isotane 10 temazepam with inderal with roaccutane propranolol weight loss zithromax 250mg is use for and the price in nigeria grandlakehistory.org las vegas caverta veega viagra generic how much does synthroid cost with insurance nglturf.org lisinopril impotence side effect ketoconazole 2 cream 60gm creasite.fr menafilmfest.com aasoc.pl guna dexamethasone fluconazole and doxycycline for dog propranolol nevus irregular periods levothyroxine thyroidectomy bactrim gatos iv 80mg lasix how do i give over the counter antibiotics in the philippines clomiphene citre tablet 300mg sampiyonhaliyikama.com doxycycline online uk buying lexapro strausser.com refineyourfeel.com csipropertyservices.com apa arti misoprostol s no funciona cytotec que hay que hacer finasteride use gloves am1320.com synthroid and ethinyl estradiol interactions side effects of 500 mg gabapentin in ms kamagra gel u apotekama theburgeradventure.com bactrim std stem.neu.edu can you take cialisbwith citropham micardis plus 40 12.5 mg tablet multi-monety.pl how long does azithromycin dissolve in ur body what dosages does cialis come in desogestrel 150 mg etodolac 300 mg high

Rome's Zenit News

 Fecha: 2013-01-31

It is rare to be able to give back a little of what one has received, but this week I had the immense joy of seeing my own little token finally flower.

A year after his election in 2005, Pope Benedict XVI turned his attention to the Vatican Museums. The Museums were celebrating their 500th anniversary and the Holy Father seized the opportunity to reiterate the mission of the papal collections.

At an audience on Dec. 16, 2006, with museum directors from all over the world, the Pope explained that the Museums represent "an extraordinary opportunity of evangelization" because, through their different works, they offer visitors "an eloquent testimony of the continuous intertwining that exists between the divine and human in life and in the history of nations."

The Pope took the time to express this thought directly to the museum staff on Nov. 23, 2006, when he issued an important challenge to the employees of the Museums: "A temple of art and culture such as the Vatican Museums," he began, "requires that the beauty of the works on display be accompanied by that of the people who work in them: a spiritual beauty, which truly makes the environment ecclesial and imbues it with a Christian spirit."

Shortly thereafter, Benedict appointed a new director of the Vatican Museums, Professor Antonio Paolucci, whose own deep spirituality permeates his speeches and writings. He also called in a new managing director, Monsignor Paolo Nicolini, to help get the Museums more user-friendly for visitors. One of the greatest concerns of both Professor Paolucci and Monsignor Nicolini was the untapped potential to evangelize the 20,000 pilgrims and tourists that daily visit the collections.

So began the department of "art and faith" at the Vatican Museums, overseen by Dr. Umberto Utro, curator of early Christian Antiquities, and Sister Rebecca Nazzaro of the Missionaries of Divine Revelation. I was brought on as well as a consultant for projects.

Over the years we have produced "art and faith" themed itineraries through the galleries, a DVD on the Via Pulchritudinis and an exhibition, "Called to Love," on the Theology of the Body and Art for World Youth Day 2011.

As a professor and longtime tour guide however, I think the first line of evangelization through art are the guides. The Vatican Museums has quadrupled its didactic staff over the past six years and while we have specialists in everything from Etruscan art to Byzantine icons to papal carriages (not to mention experts in tours for the visually impaired, for children, and in sign language), the overarching meaning and mission of the Museums was not emphasized in the guides' training.

It seemed to me that the Vatican Museums needed a course on its own history and mission to convey a uniform sense of purpose regarding the papal collections. The guides, of course, vary widely in their particular fields of expertise and visitors differ widely in their own backgrounds, so some degree of homogeneity was in order. Monsignor Nicolini and Professor Paolucci welcomed the initiative and allowed me to prepare a course to be implemented for the Year of Faith.

I used much of my own spiritual awakening in the Museums as a guide in writing the course, from the problem of Christians using images to the surprising vision of Christological humanism that ran contrary to my own training at the University of Chicago. I have learned to appreciate the achievements of the Museums during the Enlightenment era and remain fascinated by the reaction of the Church to art in the time of the Counter Reformation, which is my own field of expertise.

The course is divided into 11 segments, which tie together various periods in the history of the Church and art. Each module is taught by an expert, all of whom are members of the Vatican curatorial staff except Dr. Sara Magister, an expert in the collection of Pope Julius II, and myself. Two exceptional invitations to teach were sent, one to Gianfranco Cardinal Ravasi, prefect of the Pontifical Council for Culture, and the other to Monsignor Timothy Verdon, an art historian and canon of the cathedral of Florence. To my amazement and delight, they both accepted the invitations extended by Professor Paolucci to speak to the Vatican docents.

The intensive week-long course began on Monday with a mesmerizing talk by Cardinal Ravasi outlining the entire curriculum. "Why do Christians have art?" he asked rhetorically. Weaving a dazzling story of an invisible God who with His words alone created a visible world, and then made man in his own image and likeness, the cardinal brought his listeners to the culmination of divine art: the Word become Flesh.

The Milanese prelate spoke of idolatry and man's incessant desire to place his own artifacts above his Creator. As he developed this theme it became increasing clear that idolatry is not just a menace of the Old Testament but surrounds us still every day in the modern world. Counter-balancing that disturbing thought, however, His Eminence reminded his listeners that when God creates, it is out of love.

Looking at the packed room, listening to the cardinal lend scriptural erudition and poetic structure to the vague, sometimes scattered ideas that rattle in my head about Christians and art, I felt like I had given a little back to this great institution that has played such a huge part in my development as a Catholic.

* * *

All in the family

Romans are famously "meteoropatic," a word virtually coined by Italians to describe how their physical state conforms to the weather. It's sunny, Romans are in a good mood; it's rainy, they are cranky. For this reason, the Breughel exhibit is a welcome rainbow during these dreary days of winter. "Breughel: The Marvels of Flemish Art" will be on display at the Bramante Cloisters of Santa Maria della Pace until June 2.

The Breughel dynasty of painters ruled Europe with their deft brushstrokes and vast palettes for over 150 years starting from the 16th century.

With an odd penchant for the names Jan and Pieter, they are a bit of an art historian's nightmare, with Youngers and Elders to tell apart. Fortunately their work was so diverse that once in the exhibit amid the 100 paintings, each Breughel takes on his own distinct personality and style.

Truth be told, most of the works are from private collections so they vary in quality, and only a very small number come from museums such as Capodimonte and the Museum of Tel Aviv. But the erratic quality allows for one to skip over some works and focus on the treasures of the show.

Pieter Brueghel the Elder was perhaps the most well known of the family. Born in 1525, he studied under Pieter van Aelst. His works began with a wannabe Roman quality as he produced large scale altarpieces in the Italian style, such as the Resurrection from 1563 in the exhibit. Pieter was also deeply influenced by Hieronomyous Bosch and thus produced unforgettable scenes such as The Fight Between Carnival and Lent or Peasant Wedding where the busy scene of dinner and service swirls around the still bride, much like a predella panel in an altarpiece.

His son Pieter the Younger picked up his father's legacy and gave it momentum especially in the winter landscape scenes such as Winter Bird Trap. He also continued the exceptionally perceptive Brueghel trait of capturing human nature in his series of the proverbs (the "flatterer" is unforgettable).

Caravaggio must have known the work of Jan Brueghel the Elder, son of Pieter the Elder and brother of the younger. Jan Breughel's exquisite brushstroke and meticulous attention to detail made him one of the most successful still-life painters to ever walk on Italian soil. Jan, a Catholic, collaborated with Peter Paul Rubens on several works and was particularly admired by Cardinal Federico Borromeo, who also owned Caravaggio's celebrated Basket of Fruit.

Jan's penchant for working on copper with oil gives his surfaces a captivating velvety quality. Noble households bought his works as fast as he could produce them. The Colonna family, the Pamphilj family, and many others still proudly display his works in the most intimate halls of these princely palaces.

An encyclopedic fascination with the natural world characterizes Jan Breughel the Younger. Still life painting and classical nudes in intriguing settings add a new twist in the family business. His Allegories of the Senses are one of the most engaging works of the show.

The dynasty continues with Abraham the floral painter and Anna Brueghel who brought the extraordinary talent of David Teniers into the family through marriage.

This exceptional lineage closes on a high note with this last generation who summed up the acute natural observations, meticulous craftsmanship, and penetrating vision of humanity distinctive to this family. All in all, I found it to be a cheery and uplifting exhibit, but then again, I visited it on a sunny day.

* * *

Elizabeth Lev teaches Christian art and architecture at Duquesne University's Italian campus and University of St. Thomas' Catholic Studies program. A new paperback version of her book, "The Tigress of Forlì: Renaissance Italy's Most Courageous and Notorious Countess, Caterina Riario Sforza de' Medici" was published by Harcourt, Mifflin Houghton Press this Fall. She can be reached at lizlev@zenit.org.

Most Popular