linezolid 300 mg brands lower leg and foot pain from prednisone seroquel opiates clomid 100mg days 3 7 twins metronidazole suspension 100 mg es nueno para gatos RETROFITREBATE.COM kegunaan dari metformin wikipedia how many days of cipro for uti metoprolol tartrate and stopping terbinafine sulfa allergy discontinued cymbalta and twitching glucophage xr 750 price india lisinopril 5mg duration of action avodart sleepiness dose doxycycline hyclate 100 m dogs lyme disease can diflucan 50mg cure bacterial cod generic pal pay viagra rupture tm and otic antibiotic structure activity relationship of furosemide cefixime linezolid all company name and brand name atorvastatin brands philippines lasix by direct injection through the hep lock buy cheap sildenafil citrate uk can you take pyridium if allergic to bactrim pen vk vs augmentin 875 for dental infection prednisolone mixed with phenergan cream prednisone dose pack with doxycycline diltiazem tachycardia lupus symptoms side effects of using benicar and smoking xenical ie buy online zoloft weight gain zoloft withdrawal prednisone withdrawal and thumb cramps presentacion del cialis generico 5 y 2,5 miligramos is generic cialis any good doxycycline hyc and masterbating dutasteride 2.5mg in india flagyl for dogs how long effects nizoral shampoo price in sri lanka how to order cialis online premarin annual sales acyclovir 800 mg and sweating la pastilla cytotec en generica si sirve para el aborto buy amoxicillin 500mg uk 4 days long enough for single dose zithromax to work wellbutrin xl and cyclobenzaprine augmentin ds how much philippines hoeveel ml 500 mg amoxicillin metronidazole and hartmans can liquid tamoxifen citrate make you feel sick where can i buy clomid without prescription in jhb effects of doxycycline during the first trimester diacereina meloxicam para que sirve diflucan prescription australia can i drink alcohol while taking fluconazole cheap avodart uk sertraline hcl 75 mg for sale cymbalta und kaffee flagyl muscle pain kamagra in south africa side effects of lowering synthroid dosage diflucan 300 mg natural alreenatives to benicar is albuterol bad after expiration date buy nexium generic online is quetiapine an ssri avodart obat metformin cosideraciones en enfermeria what does work olanzapine 5 clomid natural alternative for men olanzapine 2.5 mg for sleep will levitra lower sperm count azithromycin price in mercury drug sharp pain before period after clomid and progynova features of fluconazole tabletsip 150mg varnadafil with dapoxetine reviews nitroglycerin controlled release 2.6 flexeril female viagra does ondansetron help hyperemesis how fast does prednisone work in dogs effect of increase in synthroid dosage with epilepsy metoprolol 15 mg iv cheap generic propecia finasteride sales tamoxifen 10 mg in men for infertility zithromax will start work after 4 days cpg 75 clopidogrel levothyroxine 100mg tablets tamoxifen australia buy voltaren tablets australia montelukast degradation cordarone 100 prometrium 200 mg luteal phase defect will viagra lose potency over time feldene cane synthroid 175 buy doxepin online micardis en venta mexico singulair for peanut allergy cuaegontas cytotec debe tomarse fosamax cena difference between dexamethasone and xasten prednisone 10 mg dose pack side effects erythromycin sale online esomeprazole magnesium trihydrate ep difference btween finasteride brands buy accutane online free shipping precio del captopril 25 mg escitalopram oxalate generic alternative prednisone short term usage side effects generic singulair medicine propecia sales figures can i drink alcohol after 4 hours of taking amoxicillin what is 120 baclofen 10mg tablets linezolid labs is tetracycline safe for 6month old baby how quickly does thyroxine take effect where can i buy nolvadex in jakarta acyclovir stada 1g price sertraline hcl 50 escitalopram 10mg how many hours does it last metronidazole 200mg three times a day when will coreg cr become generic prednisone dose for 14 lb dogs can you get high off buspirone hcl 5 mg buy imipramine hydrochloride bactrim antibiotic romania propranolol generic in karachi viagra ihop med metoprolol is metronidazole 500 mg pills used to treat acne amlodipine norvasc drug interactions fluconazole buspirone hydrochloride street value warfarin colors 7.5 gabapentin withdrawl side effects what is zyvoxid tablets used for seroquel xr for migraine is it better to take synthroid or levothyroxine kamagra for sale in london purchase levitra canadian pharmacy orlistat generic philippines micardis 80 side effects prednisone withdrawal face numbness fluvoxamine 50 mg tab what is the shelf life of diovan 320 mg tabs cytotec en que farmacias y cuesta aki en honduras generic viagra softabs paroxetine 7.5 metoprolol lph 25 mg long use of zoloft lisinopril hctz generic antidote for metoprolol buy azithromycin 500mg online pms amlodipine 5mg side effects buy viagra online uk forum buy lexapro united states 20mg prednisone ms flair harga diflucan 500mg albizia and celexa will taking flexeril and lexapro hurt me levofloxacin ornidazole poultry dose when will augmentin starts working cordarone ilac viagra professional buy online 2 weeks on zoloft and no effect street value of amitriptyline 100 mg avapro cost comparison metoprolol 50 mg ok with suboxon can you buy dermisone triantibiotic pomada in uk orlistat 120mg capsules online order propecia india diltiazem price philippines generic viagra in the us voltaren 25 mg crema injection phenergan releave codeine withdrawal nitroglycerin spray buy online 30 mg mirtazapine 50mg trazodone for sleep zovirax order canada clopidogrel vademecum de a a la z remeron 7 5mg how long does metronidazole 200 mg stay in system efectos secundaeios de tomar levothyroxine 88mg zofran bluelight yahoo answers duromine and metformin cozaar australia prednisone for dogs labored breathing kegunaan salep voltaren baclofen 10 mg price what does valacyclovir do cutting furosemide pill in half dostinex 8 tablet fiyat?± cozaar 125 mcg tablet propecia dosage side effects generic for singulair allergies zoloft and aerius can you buy metformin online uk using misoprostol and cervidil cosa e naprosyn diovan price increase can you smoke when taking acyclovir fluconazole for inner ear mercilon augmentin how much would would you sell 1 clonidine will trazodone hurt me i have sleep apnea order tetracycline viagra uk cheapest generic clonidine names componentes de metronidazole 500 mg beneficios del clomiphene singulair and heavy periods does ciprotab cure infections formyco ketoconazole 200mg kegunaannya can i dronk alcohol while taking cytotec allegra with food or without food buy lexapro medication prednisone makes oral contraceptives ineffective phenergan 10mg tab nexium 40 mg delayed release capsule fluoxetine 10 mg uses kamagra cene u apoteci side effects for lexapro avelox 400 mg vs levofloxacin 500 mg can azithromycin be crushed will drinking flagyl harm my unborn baby thuoc zithromax 200mg amoxicillin for kids buy teva generic lexapro reviews enterococcus and bactrim topamax and slowed thinking can you snortatomoxetine tab paroxetine in treatment of early ejaculation albuterol sulfate solution .083 walmart price SUNNYDUVET.COM does allegra help fluid retention premarin 1.25mg tablets safe while breastfeeding what is atorvastatin genericon drug for generic viagra a how long do the side effects of augmentin last should i take metformin for weight loss plavix vicodin interaction maximum naproxen dosage back pain clomipramine 25 mg capsule can lexapro cause violent dreams metronidazole 500 mg caplets prednisone dose for 65 lb dog with skin allergies can men cum while using cialis ketoconazole 200 mg for dogs overdose how long does packaged lexapro last como conseguir cytotec en california tamsulosin 8mg can novo paroxetine get you high antibiotics for gonnereah es normal que levofloxacina corte la menstruacion misoprostol punta arenas azithromycin tablets ip 1gm going off lexapro after being on one month lynoral 0.5 mg mrp in india lasix yan etkileri neler ciprofloxacin 500mg antibiotics treatment glimepiride precio 4mg is lisinopril like aspirin hindi climax substitute for prednisone half life breastfeeding shelf life of levaquin 750 tablets two years what happens when a woman takes viagra whats the difference between cipro 500 and cipro 95 meloxicam al 15mg tabletten. tab beipackzettel does the intake of amoxil antibiotics delay menses what is the uses of tb disulfiram ip 500 mg cordarone 200mg ubat untuk apa dok mirtazapine alternative without weight gain can i give my puppy flagyl for stomick inf amoxicillin salicylates ciprofloxacin high valtrex 4 pills conjugated estrogen for i v use in indian market provera 10 mg efectos secundarios amoxicillin dog dose for humans zithromax 1g pack online alcohol and 2500 mg of ciprofloxacin bactrim for lake wounds what is an equal dose of propranolol to 20 mg. timolol valsartan 160 mg sandoz tengo 6 semanas de embarazo puedo abortar con cytotec esomeprazole effects on the intestinal tract can you split 5mg of zyprexa can levaquin dosage be crushed prednisone dosage range for bronchitis what does flagyl infusion do convert levofloxacin moxifloxacin hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg et allaitement is clomid hom levothyroxine mylan versus lannett which antidepressant does not stunt growth propecia and watery ejactulation buy phenergan over the counter amoxicillin 500 mg help toothache healthy alternative to propecia sar citalopram voltaren eksi will 25mg of elavil aid in sleep linezolid tablets ip 600 mg citalopram 40 mg high does bactrim treat yeast infection in the mouth bupropion cost walmart cost of viagra walmart what is max dosage in one day of cialis can i give dog novoprednisone ketoconazole cream 2 no prescription side effects going off citalopram sore throat will propecia work for 65 year old men doxycycline capsule b.p. 100mg affect menstrual cycle verapamil mylan 772 neurontin 100 mg for hot flashes side effects liquid tamoxifen for sale effectiveness of cut in half lisinopril pills khasiat levofloxacin hemihydrate prednisone antidote novo olanzapine 5mg pastillas cytotec donde comprar farmacias peru cialis price without insurance starting 20 mg of lexapro can i take augmentin 500 mg while pregnant disulfiram estructura buy desyrel valtrex for sale canada prednisone 60 mg at once when will celebrex start working flushed face seroquel escitalopram 5mg treat tmj buy prednisone online overnight mobic meloxicam 7.5mg sildenafil axapharm celecoxib lek plavix and lovenox costco generic wellbutrin bruproprion paxil en mexico topamax to treat ocd web md metronidazole sun exposure price on the street for trazodone 100 mg side effects for women using metronidazole 400mg is day 22. too late for lab work for clomiphene cost of viagra in the pi tempat beli cytotec cair di denpasar does viagra make your dick harder amoxicillin mylan dosage for tooth infection cipro and coconut water does valtrex come in liquid form thyroxine benefits augmentin pt furuncul similar to lexapro without weight gain ciprofloxacin cost at walmart what if i take 30 mg cialis buy nolvadex canada clonidine for 5 year old how often do you take amoxicillin capsule NEOHAIRINDO.COM diltiazem cd 90 mg metoprolol es malo lamisil injection septra ds dental infection diflucan without a yeast infection buy viagra australia can doxycycline hyclate 100mg be used for foot fungus can use fexofenadine hcl for gastritis heparin or warfarin walmart tab olmesartan 20 mg ampicillin 3d structure iv solumedrol to po prednisone conversion voltaren dolo 25 mg regimax diet pills bupropion 300 xl

How a Pope is chosen

by Vatican Information Service | Source:

Vatican City, 13 March 2013 (VIS)

What do the voting ballots for electing a Pope look like? How are the votes counted? Can Cardinal electors who are sick still cast a vote? The Apostolic Constitution "Universi Dominici Gregis" (UDG) responds to these and many other questions. It was promulgated by Blessed John Paul II in 1996 to specifically address the norms that would regulate the Sede Vacante (period during which there is no reigning Pope) and the election of the Roman Pontiff. On 22 February of this year, Benedict XVI released the Motu Proprio Normas Nonnullas, which made a few modifications to the Apostolic Constitution. Following are sections 64 to 71 of the UDGincorporating the modifications of the Normas Nonnullaswhich deal with the specifics of the voting process during the Conclave in the Sistine Chapel.


64. The voting process is carried out in three phases. The first phase, which can be called the pre-scrutiny, comprises: 1) the preparation and distribution of the ballot papers by the Masters of Ceremoniesthey will have been readmitted in the meantime, together with the Secretary of the College of Cardinals and the Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrationswho give at least two or three to each Cardinal elector; 2) the drawing by lot, from among all the Cardinal electors, of three Scrutineers, of three persons charged with collecting the votes of the sick, called for the sake of brevity 'Infirmarii', and of three Revisers; this drawing is carried out in public by the junior Cardinal Deacon, who draws out nine names, one after another, of those who shall carry out these tasks; 3) if, in the drawing of lots for the Scrutineers, 'Infirmarii', and Revisers, there should come out the names of Cardinal electors who because of infirmity or other reasons are unable to carry out these tasks, the names of others who are not impeded are to be drawn in their place. The first three drawn will act as Scrutineers, the second three as 'Infirmarii', and the last three as Revisers.


65. For this phase of the voting process the following norms must be observed: 1) the ballot paper must be rectangular in shape and must bear in the upper half, in print if possible, the words 'Eligo in Summum Pontificem'; on the lower half there must be a space left for writing the name of the person chosen; thus the ballot is made in such a way that it can be folded in two; 2) the completion of the ballot must be done in secret by each Cardinal elector, who will write down legibly, as far as possible in handwriting that cannot be identified as his, the name of the person he chooses, taking care not to write other names as well, since this would make the ballot null; he will then fold the ballot twice; 3) during the voting, the Cardinal electors are to remain alone in the Sistine Chapel; therefore, immediately after the distribution of the ballots and before the electors begin to write, the Secretary of the College of Cardinals, the Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrations and the Masters of Ceremonies must leave the Chapel. After they have left, the junior Cardinal Deacon shall close the door, opening and closing it again each time this is necessary, as for example when the 'Infirmarii' go to collect the votes of the sick and when they return to the Chapel.


66. The second phase, the scrutiny proper, comprises: 1) the placing of the ballots in the appropriate receptacle; 2) the mixing and counting of the ballots; 3) the opening of the votes. Each Cardinal elector, in order of precedence, having completed and folded his ballot, holds it up so that it can be seen and carries it to the altar, at which the Scrutineers stand and upon which there is placed a receptacle, covered by a plate, for receiving the ballots. Having reached the altar, the Cardinal elector says aloud the words of the following oath: I call as my witness Christ the Lord who will be my judge, that my vote is given to the one who before God I think should be elected. He then places the ballot on the plate, with which he drops it into the receptacle. Having done this, he bows to the altar and returns to his place.


If any of the Cardinal electors present in the Chapel is unable to go to the altar because of infirmity, the last of the Scrutineers goes to him. The infirm elector, having pronounced the above oath, hands the folded ballot to the Scrutineer, who carries it in full view to the altar and omitting the oath, places it on the plate, with which he drops it into the receptacle.


67. If there are Cardinal electors who are sick and confined to their rooms, referred to in Nos. 41ff of this Constitution, the three 'Infirmarii' go to them with a box which has an opening in the top through which a folded ballot can be inserted. Before giving the box to the 'Infirmarii', the Scrutineers open it publicly, so that the other electors can see that it is empty; they are then to lock it and place the key on the altar. The 'Infirmarii', taking the locked box and a sufficient number of ballot papers on a small tray, then go, duly accompanied, to the Domus Sanctae Marthae to each sick elector, who takes a ballot, writes his vote in secret, folds the ballot and, after taking the above-mentioned oath, puts it through the opening in the box. If any of the electors who are sick is unable to write, one of the three 'Infirmarii' or another Cardinal elector chosen by the sick man, having taken an oath before the 'Infirmarii' concerning the observance of secrecy, carries out the above procedure. The 'Infirmarii' then take the box back into the Chapel, where it shall be opened by the Scrutineers after the Cardinals present have cast their votes. The Scrutineers then count the ballots in the box and, having ascertained that their number corresponds to the number of those who are sick, place them one by one on the plate and then drop them all together into the receptacle. In order not to prolong the voting process unduly, the 'Infirmarii' may complete their own ballots and place them in the receptacle immediately after the senior Cardinal, and then go to collect the votes of the sick in the manner indicated above while the other electors are casting their votes.


68. After all the ballots of the Cardinal electors have been placed in the receptacle, the first Scrutineer shakes it several times in order to mix them, and immediately afterwards the last Scrutineer proceeds to count them, picking them out of the urn in full view and placing them in another empty receptacle previously prepared for this purpose. If the number of ballots does not correspond to the number of electors, the ballots must all be burned and a second vote taken at once; if however their number does correspond to the number of electors, the opening of the ballots then takes place in the following manner.


69. The Scrutineers sit at a table placed in front of the altar. The first of them takes a ballot, unfolds it, notes the name of the person chosen and passes the ballot to the second Scrutineer, who in his turn notes the name of the person chosen and passes the ballot to the third, who reads it out in a loud and clear voice, so that all the electors present can record the vote on a sheet of paper prepared for that purpose. He himself writes down the name read from the ballot. If during the opening of the ballots the Scrutineers should discover two ballots folded in such a way that they appear to have been completed by one elector, if these ballots bear the same name they are counted as one vote; if however they bear two different names, neither vote will be valid; however, in neither of the two cases is the voting session annulled.


When all the ballots have been opened, the Scrutineers add up the sum of the votes obtained by the different names and write them down on a separate sheet of paper. The last Scrutineer, as he reads out the individual ballots, pierces each one with a needle through the word 'Eligo' and places it on a thread, so that the ballots can be more securely preserved. After the names have been read out, the ends of the thread are tied in a knot, and the ballots thus joined together are placed in a receptacle or on one side of the table.


70. There then follows the third and last phase, also known as the post-scrutiny, which comprises: 1) the counting of the votes; 2) the checking of the same; 3) the burning of the ballots.


The Scrutineers add up all the votes that each individual has received, and if no one has obtained at least two thirds of the votes on that ballot, the Pope has not been elected; if however it turns out that someone has obtained at least two thirds of the votes, the canonically valid election of the Roman Pontiff has taken place.


In either case, that is, whether the election has occurred or not, the Revisers must proceed to check both the ballots and the notes made by the Scrutineers, in order to make sure that these latter have performed their task exactly and faithfully.


Immediately after the checking has taken place, and before the Cardinal electors leave the Sistine Chapel, all the ballots are to be burnt by the Scrutineers, with the assistance of the Secretary of the Conclave and the Masters of Ceremonies who in the meantime have been summoned by the junior Cardinal Deacon. If however a second vote is to take place immediately, the ballots from the first vote will be burned only at the end, together with those from the second vote.


71. In order that secrecy may be better observed, I order each and every Cardinal elector to hand over to the Cardinal Camerlengo or to one of the three Cardinal Assistants any notes which he may have in his possession concerning the results of each ballot. These notes are to be burnt together with the ballots.


I further lay down that at the end of the election the Cardinal Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church shall draw up a document, to be approved also by the three Cardinal Assistants, declaring the result of the voting at each session. This document is to be given to the Pope and will thereafter be kept in a designated archive, enclosed in a sealed envelope, which may be opened by no one unless the Supreme Pontiff gives explicit permission.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular