what effect does metformin have on ogtt nizoral shampoo price amoxil 250 vs keflex 500 for teeth solubility of lisinopril hillsboroughcountyfair.com fluconazole 150 mg side effects online flagyl prescription mycontradictions.com alatnj.org erythromycin eye ointment indications clomid chi incinta tseworldgolf.com how fast does finasteride work for pcos can you take levothyroxine 25 mcgs alternate 50 mcgs prednisone dosage anti inflammatory how long does albuterol nebulizer stay in your system no1fl.com prozac stopped working after 6 weeks interaction between furosemide and metformin how many mg of gabapentin get you high uncn.org propranolol 20 mg during pregnancy aml.ca azascd.org bluedays.com can tetracycline cause birth defects fungsi provera 100 mg can i take augmentin with orange juice woodmizer.net.pl how much 20mg cialis cost cytotec para que sirve ecuador amoxicillin acne pregnancy 40 mg prednisone to 20 mg side effects cipro concentration dependent antistaminici e viagra calendarfly.com oxytetracycline wind is it safe to take seroquel during pregnancy cytotec et grossesse isotretinoina gel bula is effexor the same as lexapro 75 mg atarax and still cant sleep medicadent.ru tempo de efeito do clomid mebletmd.pl astrolab-consulting.com ugatipoffclub.com reciprocal interdependence examples buy plavix discount nizoral shampoo discontinued why allopurinol how fast does it work tablet for ocd quetiapine viagra austrialia atarax bebe 8 meses amoxicillin toe fungus is the baclofen pill safe to inject mspnor.com lexapro panic disorders hanhvyshop.vn vbtube.com side effects of stopping prednisone suddenly in dogs floxin ophthalmic solution buea.net hastings-print.co.uk buy lasix online canadian pharmacy can buspirone hcl 30mg get u high mediatrax.com can you buy antibiotics over the counter in spain allegra d online coupons buspar lethal dose streetstylesinfo.com ok to miss a dose of synthroid can you take 2 100mm viagra in one day finasteride and water retention unpyme.org.pa metspirit.com harbifilmizle.com composi??o quimica do aciclovir voltaren vs rub a535 banganderson.co.uk is citalopram asafe anti depressnt vollemaan.org artdecade.com calendarfly.com bupkoeln.de hillsboroughcountyfair.com where can buy viagra in kuala lumpur erythromycin es 400 mg tab formulation evaluation rizatriptan benzoate ibicisi.com can you take prednisone and gravol leobakx.com le medicament wellbutrin is quetiapine fumarate in benzo family vrlaksaraytransfer.com novo propranolol normal keflex dosages erythromycin ethylsuccinate vs estolate coming off teva quetiapine xr side effect plavix versus pradaxa azithromycin and mycoplasma pneumoniae nightanddaysoireeanimation.com misoprostol in india over the counter chizeapsnowboards.com metronidazole interaction with ciprofloxacin cipro 500 mg flagyl 1 gram i was prescribed cialis and it dont work beneficio del voltaren gel can i take cold medicine with cymbalta tamoxifen interaction with antidepressants wrestling-news.com doxycycline og alkohol can doxycycline treat trichomoniasis buy ketoconazole tablets online rash from taking bactrim 0798hx.com harga cytotec michellestockman.com lipitor 80 mg no prescriptions required generic lipitor and rash buea.net aciclovir creme gut viagra. official site amoxicillin vaistai dutasteride y calvicie sarasotacojail.com baufinanzierung-aktuell.com buy doxycycline hydrochloride is lopressor a selective beta blocker no1fl.com 0798hx.com dostinex 0.5 mg side effects loestrin 24 metformin mytime99.com dkv viagra doxycycline 50 mg for sale online how to lose lexapro weight gain zinnat sau augmentin can thyroxine cause panic attacks lozenges sildenafil i am nervous about taking diflucan 150 ptt seventh day after clomid 50g mooboos.com cialis 60 mg online can prednisone trigger shingles total synthesis of tamoxifen ciproud.com lost money urine odor and bupropion hydrochloride welcher arzt kann cialis verschreiben zovirax 800mg uk price novaisi.com what is powder doxepin side effects flagyl forte untuk ibu menyusui lofarzone.com neurontin cold turkey mikezielinski.com 10mg prednisone weightloss nd lasix does zofran make u feel uephoric cytotec en valencia strattera and ambien augmentin dawkowanie dla dzieci hlahlaaung.com nightanddaysoireeanimation.com nortriptyline stomach michaelgahler.de voltaren gel generic name thyroxine dosage during pregnancy amoxicilline acide clavulanique arrow posologie flagyl causing oral thrush is metformin a blood thinner difference between 400mg and 500mg metronidazole naproxen vs ibuprofen. for tmj efek samping obat celebrex 100mg clopidogrel 75 mg.com.vn michaelgahler.de what is the normal cost of 1 cialis 2.5mg tab pelvic pain after clomid next day delivery viagra anafranil 10mg dosage duree effet cialis 10mg metronidazole 500 dogs como tomar viagra por primera vez atenolol structure activity relationship afekchess.com wallflore.co.uk forum viagra 50 id-protect.org what is cilamox amoxicillin used for can i take viagra they day before a sugery what time of the day should one take clomid lasix 20 mg daily puedo tomar cytotec con tres meses side effects to not taking celexa mobilepushnotifications.org is there an advantage to plavix over the generic calendarfly.com enalapril versus lisinopril haloperidol vs seroquel satterfieldusa.com does gabapentin have a black box warning supplements while on coumadin probiotics ampicillin uses for dogs orlistat generico 60 mg yalovadaarsa.com generico de la cialis metformin interaction with aspirin entropicity.com metformin 1000 mg 3 times a day bv medication metronidazole mipcperu.com zithromax flavour bactrim treat gonorrhea revopac.com 1819wine.com webfin.pl para que sirven lad padtillas montelukast sod de 10mg valacyclovir 1gm.rate ceftriaxone and azithromycin can you buy amoxicillin korea accutane cetaphil cream or lotion lexapro cellulite zithromax and kidney pain metro2034.pl harga jual obat nizoral ketoconazole is cyproheptadine recreational zoloft 150 mg jour internationalintellectualproperty.org gabapentin 300mg and bruises phenergan over the counter sediaan meloxicam tablet smith-jennings.com dang cho con bu co uong duoc amoxicillin khong hnsuresh.com ed from verapamil er lechatnoirrestaurant.com lechatnoirrestaurant.com cialis 20 mg levitra dangers of stopping topamax suddenly viagra soft hard is cialis safe if you have high blood pressure muslimdate.com hillsidesanctuary.com auxiliary label for synthroid andrzejbieda.com elsie jones viagra generic amoxicillin howdotofound millteksport.pl wineworldseries.com vbtube.com beccapronchick.com entropicity.com wbstaffing.pl prozac 20mg street prise lisinopril dihydrate solubility precio de las pastillas de xenical 150 mg clomid and provera medication flagyl lawsuits prednisone causes pneumonia clomiphene citrate 50 mg buy uk association-secours-sante.cm how does prednisone effect progesterone iv sildenafil for neonates 4 azithromycin tablets can i eat pineapple chunks after taking ciprofloxacin what will taking 200mg of cialis do salep ketoconazole lofarzone.com uzdrowisko-ewa.pl wbstaffing.pl misoprostol 200 mcg via oral instrucciones bupropion 75 mg zovirax medicine side effects clomiphene citrate pregnancy very tired on zoloft how to avoid cialis flushing apartamenty-kasztelanskie.pl generic dutasteride vs. avodart xenadrine paroxetine el allegra 180 antialergico esteroideo efectos secundario propecia furosemide tablets does help fallopian tube help warchiwach.pl wast.org.uk viagra 100mg tablet price in india gabapentin opiate withdrawal blue face side effects levitra twospy.com vbtube.com propranolol er 80 mg side effects prednisone dosage instruction for poison ivy flagyl for whipworms khasiat vaclo clopidogrel 75 mg acquisti cialis lexapro side effects with molly gabapentin lupus pain griseofulvin weight loss erythromycin 250mg capsules is cipro as hard on the stomach as bactrim donde comprar cytotec en bolivia sucre can azithromycin fail twice in treating chlamydia bollywoodinformer.com pcos and clomid use can you buy viagra in while in mexico diferencias entre effient 10mg y el clopidogrel 75 mg houseontheisland.com ile-au-tresor.net cfs olanzapine roaccutane et masque de grossesse how often to use lamisil on jock itch levaquin on birth control buy plavix review gabapentin 4 dollar xn--b1afpdqbb8d.xn--p1ai hlahlaaung.com ciprofloxacin price walmart generic clomipramine for dogs prednisone and bipolar illness why is levofloxacin so expensive beginner dose of lexapro generic ciprofloxacino oftalmico farmacocinetica can you buy viagra in costa teguise lanzarote lamisil safest antifungal anaheimangelsjersey.com ibicisi.com kegunaan lanadexon dexamethasone 0 5 mg how to combat lexapro insomnia seroquel 50 pill amitriptyline for mouth pain how much fluconazole does a grown man need viagra from canada overnight levofloxacin direct sunlight viagra fuck prednisone and inability to sleep moonman.io 1819wine.com nijkerkerveen.com how does viagra effect a woman metronidazole suspension in malaysia is headache a side effect of zoloft side effects of baclofen pump cytotec jake ortigas 1judaica.com outlet.cz bikerlawblog.com prozac 60 mg online can lisinopril cause pulmonary fibrosis side effects of ciprofloxacin 750 mg dogs kidneys and phenergan horyniec.com.pl online buy viagra precio viagra natural como puedo con prar misoprostol en costarica berapa tablet minum cytotec para comprar orlistat se necesita receta veziris.com thuoc bactrim 480 wonderlandae.com abilify 5 year old wrse-modelling.org.uk reacciones de la pastilla misoprostol bula seroquel 50 mg 17 beta estradiol bas que cura la azithromycin prometrium 200 mg three times day lipitor number needed to treat erythromycin price peso xenical orlistat price in pune is thyroxine a hormone replacement buy ciprofloxacin no prescription canada metformin beograd ibicisi.com what foods affect thyroxine weakness both hands and chest taking lexapro hillsidesanctuary.com walan.com weaning off quetiapine mildreddeskinsjewelry.com avnai.com levitra professional canada hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg in philippines my experience with neurontin internationalintellectualproperty.org walgreen pharmacy amlodipine besylate pulsing diflucan flagyl psychiatric side effects accidental seroquel overdose side effects hnsuresh.com anafranil 25 mg yan etkileri w3asia.com can metronidazole cause increased discharge augmentin antibiotic price uk mooboos.com fredpaulino.com alergia lisinopril hillsboroughcountyfair.com proscar composition nicetouristanbul.com cost viagra in uk tamoxifen gynecomastia dosage lisinopril trade names viagra 50 oder 100 mg nehmen in bed levitra lexapro and liver issues flagyl metronidazole 500 mg ovulos internationalintellectualproperty.org azithromycin 250 1a pharma beipackzettel can etodolac 400mg get you high viagra samples calgary what is septra surfar viagra en goutte trentacular.com antibiotic injectabil tuse cipro hc otic shelf life esoxhunter.com andiescafenapavalley.com what color sertraline is viagra apotheke spanien septra sun exposure thyroxine physiological effects effects of increasing paxil dosage vbtube.com prednisone dosing for herniated disc lisinopril blood concentration abilify causing anger topiramate pakistan cytotec en mza ventolin warnings can antibiotics cause miscarriage in 7month hillsboroughcountyfair.com long term side effects of 30mg paxil in women how long can a dog stay on antibiotics much does generic zofran cost amoxicillin and combined pill buy amoxicillin capsules 500mg united laboratories can.std antibiotics kill pinworms furosemide can use to obesity how to use kamagra forum bangkok clomid igf 1 fluconazole 3a4 quetiapine 50 mg for anxiety amoxicillin und acido clavulanico dexamethasone side effects insideinsights.net poor absorption of synthroid navi sicilia cipro cseafaculty.org nicetouristanbul.com should i stop taking my synthroid atorvastatin when to take it flagyl for babies amoxicillin trihydrate import 15 mg meloxicam equals how much acetiminifin internetowe-szkolenia.pl nortriptyline street value how to take bayer 20 levitra mail order valacyclovir ascbelfast.com magnesium citrate and doxycycline napahappy.com doews buspar cause you to dream more insideinsights.net ile-au-tresor.net escitalopram and bupropion weight loss voltaren retard pubalgia generic levitra vardenafil uk keflex bowel movement doxycycline in chronic sinusitis wrse-modelling.org.uk initiativemobileinsights.com neurontin recreational uses how long does 50mg seroquel xr last burning urine using cipla fluconazole my dog ate zoloft and face swelling clomid multiples babycenter erythromycin mg acne isoptin sr 120 dawkowanie wineworldseries.com augmentin duo interactions is flagyl pill available over the counter long term side effects of bactrim use amoclan antibiotics for dogs atrovent and albuterol nebulizer bupropion xl 150 mg generic mspnor.com doxycycline leg rash using prilosec while taking augmentin inasweets.com clomid 6 cycles indicatifs-telephoniques.net charis247.org what happens if you double the daily dose of cialis 5mg augmentin ciprofloxacin delsym wellbutrin interaction anafranil 75 mg price captionedit.com maximum dose of cardizem cd azithromycin side effects heart casa farmaceutica de amoxil genuin generic cialis cialis ervaringen 5mg

Interpreting Liturgical Norms

And more on exiting after Communion.
by Father Edward McNamara, LC | Source: Zenit.org

ROME, AUG. 19, 2008 (Zenit.org).- Answered by Legionary of Christ Father Edward McNamara, professor of liturgy at the Regina Apostolorum university.

Questions: Is there a Church document or scholarly treatise on "how" to interpret liturgical laws and norms? In civil law there is something known as "legal methods." This course and treatise contains a collection of "maxims" or accepted rules and standards of interpretation when reviewing cases or statutes. For example, I read in one of your responses an interpretation of the meaning and use of the word "fitting" as used in a particular liturgical norm. In civil law one could consult an official text or case to provide a standard for interpreting the term. Is that standard for interpretation discussed or defined anywhere either by the Church or by scholars? This seems to go to the heart of many challenges with interpreting Church norms. -- S.M., Westfield, Indiana

Answer: Although the Church’s canon law was first codified only in 1917, the codification reflected a long legal tradition eventually rooted in Roman law.

Thus, expert canon lawyers are able to drink from a deep wellspring of traditional interpretations in stating the meaning of laws. Most canonists will claim that doubts regarding the objective meaning of a law are fairly rare.

They do occur, however, and are usually clarified over time by an authentic interpretation promulgated by the legislative authority, by a new law that further clarifies the question at hand, or by development in canonical doctrine until a consensus is reached among the practitioners of the craft.

The Holy See has a special body dedicated to the authentic interpretation of laws. Its first decision regarding the 1983 Code of Canon Law dealt with the meaning of the word “iterum” (which can mean either "again" or "a second time") in Canon 917 which refers to reception of Communion. The decision fell on “a second time” as to how often one may receive Communion in one day.

All but the most essential aspects of liturgical law are found outside the Code of Canon Law and have never been completely codified into a single volume.

Within liturgical law we must distinguish between laws applicable to the ordinary and extraordinary forms of the Roman rite.

The rites of the extraordinary form are meticulously determined, a factor which endows this form with a particular beauty, reverence and spiritual force when celebrated with due care.

Over four centuries this rite generated a considerable body of jurisprudence gathered together in the volumes of authentic decrees of the former Congregation of Rites. Fortunately, this series of complex laws were frequently digested by sedulous scholars into descriptive manuals for use of priests and masters of ceremonies. Two of the best of these have been republished: A. Fortescue and J.B. O’Connell’s “The Ceremonies of the Roman Rite Described,” updated by Father Alcuin Reid, OSB, and the even more complete Italian “Compendio di Liturgia Pratica,” by L. Trimelloni.

The interpretation of the norms of the ordinary form presents some particular difficulties. The rite’s relative youth (at least as regards its rubrics) means that there is little in the way of historical jurisprudence that could clarify any doubtful passages.

There is also the difficulty that in general the rubrics quite deliberately eschew detailed descriptions of the rites so as to leave a certain degree of flexibility. For example, both the extraordinary and ordinary forms indicate that the priest pray with hands extended, but the latter rite makes no determination as to distance and position of the hands, leaving this up to the discretion of the celebrant.

Also, the existence of official translations can sometimes make interpretation difficult especially when translations vary the meaning of a text, even among countries sharing the same language. We saw this discrepancy in a recent column (Dec. 4, 2007) when some liturgists interpreted the English translation of the introduction to the lectionary to conclude that the Alleluia is omitted if not sung, an inference absent from the original Latin and other modern translations.

Unlike the liturgy, canon law has no official translations and only the Latin text may be used for legal purposes.

Another factor is the involvement of other instances of liturgical legislation besides the Holy See, such as legitimate customs and bishops’ conferences. The conferences may propose particular adaptations for their countries requiring approval from the Holy See before becoming particular law. They may also publish other documents such as guidelines on certain liturgical questions which, while not strictly legally binding, in practice become a legal point of reference.

In spite of these difficulties liturgical interpretation is not arbitrary.

The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Sacraments sometimes makes authentic interpretations of the liturgical texts. For example, it declared that No. 299 of the General Instruction of the Roman Missal, in stating that a celebrant's facing the people seemed “more desirable,” did not constitute a legal obligation.

Such authentic interpretations throw light on the mind of the legislator regarding similar texts and so help in resolving disputed points. In some cases historical decision regarding the extraordinary form are still useful in understanding the present form.

Another means is to examine the use of a particular word throughout the official documents so as to gauge its overall sense. Compared to civil law the totality of liturgical ordinances constitutes a relatively small corpus, and this makes such comparisons fairly easy.

Finally, again unlike much civil law, liturgical law is actually designed to be clearly understood by non-experts and so it actually means what it says based on a literal reading. Therefore priests, deacons, sacristans and other liturgical actors are absolved of the need for a law degree in preparing for Mass.

The difficulty in liturgical law is not usually in the understanding but in the faith, love and will to carry it out.

* * *

Follow-up: Leaving Right After Communion

July 21 column dealt with people who leave Mass early. Several readers asked about those who arrive late for Mass. We addressed this question in several columns, principally on Nov. 4 and Nov. 18, 2003, and on Oct. 23 and Nov. 6, 2007.

At the risk of appearing presumptuous, I hazard a little publicity directed toward newer subscribers to ZENIT’s services. It is quite possible that your question has already been touched upon in previous articles, and I recommend searching the liturgy section on the ZENIT Web page.

* * *

Readers may send questions to liturgy@zenit.org. Please put the word "Liturgy" in the subject field. The text should include your initials, your city and your state, province or country. Father McNamara can only answer a small selection of the great number of questions that arrive.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows Catholic.net to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to Catholic.net right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular