St. Peter Canisius
energetic life of Peter Canisius should demolish any stereotypes we may have of the life of a saint
as dull or routine. Peter lived his 76 years at a pace which must be considered heroic, even in our
time of rapid change. A man blessed with many talents, Peter is an excellent example of the
scriptural man who develops his talents for the sake of the Lord’s work.
He was one of the most
important figures in the Catholic Reformation in Germany. His was such a key role that he has often
been called the “second apostle of Germany” in that his life parallels the earlier work of Boniface
Although Peter once accused himself of idleness in his youth, he could not have been idle too
long, for at the age of 19 he received a master’s degree from the university at Cologne. Soon
afterwards he met Peter Faber, the first disciple of Ignatius Loyola, who influenced Peter so much
that he joined the recently formed Society of Jesus.
At this early age Peter had already taken up a practice he
continued throughout his life—a process of study, reflection, prayer and writing. After his
ordination in 1546, he became widely known for his editions of the writings of St. Cyril of
Alexandria and St. Leo the Great. Besides this reflective literary bent, Peter had a zeal for the
apostolate. He could often be found visiting the sick or prisoners, even when his assigned duties in
other areas were more than enough to keep most people fully occupied.
In 1547 Peter attended
several sessions of the Council of Trent, whose decrees he was later assigned to implement. After a
brief teaching assignment at the Jesuit college at Messina, Peter was entrusted with the mission to
Germany—from that point on his life’s work. He taught in several universities and was instrumental
in establishing many colleges and seminaries. He wrote a catechism that explained the Catholic faith
in a way which common people could understand—a great need of that age.
Renowned as a popular
preacher, Peter packed churches with those eager to hear his eloquent proclamation of the gospel. He
had great diplomatic ability, often serving as a reconciler between disputing factions. In his
letters (filling eight volumes) one finds words of wisdom and counsel to people in all walks of
life. At times he wrote unprecedented letters of criticism to leaders of the Church—yet always in
the context of a loving, sympathetic concern.
At 70 Peter suffered a paralytic seizure, but he continued to preach and write
with the aid of a secretary until his death in his hometown (Nijmegen, Netherlands) on December 21,