Our Lady of the Rosary; St Artaldus
by americancatholic.org | Source: americancatholic.org
Our Lady of the Rosary
Pope St. Pius V established this feast in 1573. The purpose was to thank
God for the victory of Christians over the Turks at Lepanto—a victory attributed to the praying of
the rosary. Clement XI extended the feast to the universal Church in 1716.
The development of the rosary has a long
history. First, a practice developed of praying 150 Our Fathers in imitation of the 150 Psalms. Then
there was a parallel practice of praying 150 Hail Marys. Soon a mystery of Jesus' life was attached
to each Hail Mary. Though Mary's giving the rosary to St. Dominic is recognized as a legend, the
development of this prayer form owes much to the followers of St. Dominic. One of them, Alan de la
Roche, was known as "the apostle of the rosary." He founded the first Confraternity of the Rosary in
the 15th century. In the 16th century the rosary was developed to its present form—with the 15
mysteries (joyful, sorrowful and glorious). In 2002, Pope John Paul II added the Mysteries of Light
to this devotion.
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