In the fourth
century St. Ephrem called Mary "Lady" and "Queen." Later Church fathers and doctors continued to use
the title. Hymns of the 11th to 13th centuries address Mary as queen: "Hail, Holy Queen", "Hail,
Queen of Heaven", "Queen of Heaven." The Dominican rosary and the Franciscan crown as well as
numerous invocations in Mary's litany celebrate her queenship.
The feast is a logical follow-up to the Assumption and is now celebrated on the octave day of that feast. In his encyclical To the Queen of Heaven, Pius XII points out that Mary deserves the title because she is Mother of God, because she is closely associated as the New Eve with Jesus' redemptive work, because of her preeminent perfection and because of her intercessory power.
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