Queenship of Mary; St Andrew the Scot
by American Catholic | Source: www.americancatholic.org
Pius XII established this feast in 1954. But Mary´s queenship has roots in Scripture. At
the Annunciation, Gabriel announced that Mary´s Son would receive the throne of David and rule
forever. At the Visitation, Elizabeth calls Mary "mother of my Lord." As in all the mysteries of
Mary´s life, Mary is closely associated with Jesus: Her queenship is a share in Jesus´ kingship. We
can also recall that in the Old Testament the mother of the king has great influence in court.In the
fourth century St. Ephrem called Mary "Lady" and "Queen."
Later Church fathers and doctors
continued to use the title. Hymns of the 11th to 13th centuries address Mary as queen: "Hail, Holy
Queen", "Hail, Queen of Heaven", "Queen of Heaven." The Dominican rosary and the Franciscan crown as
well as numerous invocations in Mary´s litany celebrate her queenship.
The feast is a
logical follow-up to the Assumption and is now celebrated on the octave day of that feast. In his
encyclical To the Queen of Heaven, Pius XII points out that Mary deserves the title because she is
Mother of God, because she is closely associated as the New Eve with Jesus´ redemptive work, because
of her preeminent perfection and because of her intercessory power.
"Let the entire body of the faithful
pour forth persevering prayer to the Mother of God and Mother of men. Let them implore that she who
aided the beginnings of the Church by her prayers may now, exalted as she is in heaven above all the
saints and angels, intercede with her Son in the fellowship of all the saints. May she do so until
all the peoples of the human family, whether they are honored with the name of Christian or whether
they still do not know their Savior, are happily gathered together in peace and harmony into the one
People of God, for the glory of the Most Holy and Undivided Trinity" (Dogmatic Constitution on
the Church, 69).
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