St Bernard of Clairvaux
by American Catholic | Source: www.americancatholic.org
St Bernard of Clairvaux
Man of the century! Woman of the century!
You see such terms applied to so many today—"golfer of the century," "composer of the century,"
"right tackle of the century"—that the line no longer has any punch. But the "man of the twelfth
century," without doubt or controversy, has to be Bernard of Clairvaux. Adviser of popes, preacher
of the Second Crusade, defender of the faith, healer of a schism, reformer of a monastic Order,
Scripture scholar, theologian and eloquent preacher: any one of these titles would distinguish an
ordinary man. Yet Bernard was all of these—and he still retained a burning desire to return to the
hidden monastic life of his younger days.
In the year 1111, at the age of 20, Bernard left
his home to join the monastic community of Citeaux. His five brothers, two uncles and some 30 young
friends followed him into the monastery. Within four years a dying community had recovered enough
vitality to establish a new house in the nearby valley of Wormwoods, with Bernard as abbot. The
zealous young man was quite demanding, though more on himself than others. A slight breakdown of
health taught him to be more patient and understanding. The valley was soon renamed Clairvaux, the
valley of light.
His ability as arbitrator and counselor became widely known. More and more
he was lured away from the monastery to settle long-standing disputes. On several of these occasions
he apparently stepped on some sensitive toes in Rome. Bernard was completely dedicated to the
primacy of the Roman See. But to a letter of warning from Rome he replied that the good fathers in
Rome had enough to do to keep the Church in one piece. If any matters arose that warranted their
interest, he would be the first to let them know.
Shortly thereafter it was Bernard who
intervened in a full-blown schism and settled it in favor of the Roman pontiff against the
antipope. The Holy See prevailed on Bernard to preach the Second Crusade throughout Europe. His
eloquence was so overwhelming that a great army was assembled and the success of the crusade seemed
assured. The ideals of the men and their leaders, however, were not those of Abbot Bernard, and the
project ended as a complete military and moral disaster.
Bernard felt responsible in some
way for the degenerative effects of the crusade. This heavy burden possibly hastened his death,
which came August 20, 1153.
"In dangers, in doubts, in difficulties, think of Mary, call upon Mary. Let
not her name depart from your lips, never suffer it to leave your heart. And that you may more
surely obtain the assistance of her prayer, neglect not to walk in her footsteps. With her for
guide, you shall never go astray; while invoking her, you shall never lose heart; so long as she is
in your mind, you are safe from deception; while she holds your hand, you cannot fall; under her
protection you have nothing to fear; if she walks before you, you shall not grow weary; if she shows
you favor, you shall reach the goal" (St. Bernard).
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