St Maximilian Mary Kolbe; St Eusebius of Rome
by American Catholic | Source: www.americancatholic.org
"I don´t know what´s going to become of you!" How many parents have said that? Maximilian
Mary Kolbe´s reaction was, "I prayed very hard to Our Lady to tell me what would happen to me. She
appeared, holding in her hands two crowns, one white, one red. She asked if I would like to have
them—one was for purity, the other for martyrdom. I said, ´I choose both.´ She smiled and
disappeared." After that he was not the same.
He entered the minor seminary of the Conventual
Franciscans in Lviv (then Poland, now Ukraine), near his birthplace, and at 16 became a novice.
Though he later achieved doctorates in philosophy and theology, he was deeply interested in science,
even drawing plans for rocket ships.
Ordained at 24, he saw religious indifference as the
deadliest poison of the day. His mission was to combat it. He had already founded the Militia of the
Immaculata, whose aim was to fight evil with the witness of the good life, prayer, work and
suffering. He dreamed of and then founded Knight of the Immaculata, a religious magazine under
Mary´s protection to preach the Good News to all nations. For the work of publication he established
a "City of the Immaculata"—Niepokalanow—which housed 700 of his Franciscan brothers. He later
founded one in Nagasaki, Japan. Both the Militia and the magazine ultimately reached the one-million
mark in members and subscribers. His love of God was daily filtered through devotion to Mary.
In 1939 the Nazi panzers overran Poland with deadly speed. Niepokalanow was severely bombed.
Kolbe and his friars were arrested, then released in less than three months, on the feast of the
In 1941 he was arrested again. The Nazis´ purpose was to liquidate
the select ones, the leaders. The end came quickly, in Auschwitz three months later, after terrible
beatings and humiliations.
A prisoner had escaped. The commandant announced that 10 men
would die. He relished walking along the ranks. "This one. That one." As they were being marched
away to the starvation bunkers, Number 16670 dared to step from the line. "I would like to take that
man´s place. He has a wife and children." "Who are you?" "A priest." No name, no mention of fame.
Silence. The commandant, dumbfounded, perhaps with a fleeting thought of history, kicked Sergeant
Francis Gajowniczek out of line and ordered Father Kolbe to go with the nine. In the "block of
death" they were ordered to strip naked, and their slow starvation began in darkness. But there was
no screaming—the prisoners sang. By the eve of the Assumption four were left alive. The jailer came
to finish Kolbe off as he sat in a corner praying. He lifted his fleshless arm to receive the bite
of the hypodermic needle. It was filled with carbolic acid. They burned his body with all the
others. He was beatified in 1971 and canonized in 1982.St Maximilian Mary Kolbe
"Courage, my sons. Don´t you see that we are leaving on a
mission? They pay our fare in the bargain. What a piece of good luck! The thing to do now is to pray
well in order to win as many souls as possible. Let us, then, tell the Blessed Virgin that we are
content, and that she can do with us anything she wishes" (Maximilian Mary Kolbe, when first
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