When he died
at the age of 23, Louis was already a Franciscan, a bishop and a saint!
Louis´ parents were
Charles II of Naples and Sicily and Mary, daughter of the King of Hungary. Louis was related to St.
Louis IX on his father´s side and to Elizabeth of Hungary on his mother´s side.
early signs of attachment to prayer and to the corporal works of mercy. As a child he used to take
food from the castle to feed the poor. When he was 14, Louis and two of his brothers were taken as
hostages to the king of Aragon´s court as part of a political deal involving Louis´ father. At the
court Louis was tutored by Franciscan friars under whom he made great progress both in his studies
and in the spiritual life. Like St. Francis he developed a special love for those afflicted with
While he was still a hostage, Louis decided to renounce his royal title and become
a priest. When he was 20, he was allowed to leave the king of Aragon´s court. He renounced his title
in favor of his brother Robert and was ordained the next year. Very shortly after, he was appointed
bishop of Toulouse, but the pope agreed to Louis´ request to become a Franciscan first.
Franciscan spirit pervaded Louis. "Jesus Christ is all my riches; he alone is sufficient for me,"
Louis kept repeating. Even as a bishop he wore the Franciscan habit and sometimes begged. He
assigned a friar to offer him correction — in public if necessary — and the friar did his job.
Louis´ service to the Diocese of Toulouse was richly blessed. In no time he was considered a
saint. Louis set aside 75 percent of his income as bishop to feed the poor and maintain churches.
Each day he fed 25 poor people at his table. Louis was canonized in 1317 by Pope John XXII, one of
his former teachers.
"All the faithful were edified by
the fervor of his devout celebration of Mass, the efficacy of his deep humility, his tender
compassion, his upright life, the harmonious congruity in all his actions, words and bearing. Who
without wonderment could look upon a most charming young man, the son of so mighty a king,
outstanding for his generosity, raised to such dignity, renowned for his influence, preeminent for
humility, living a life of such mortification, endowed with such wisdom, clothed in so poor a habit
yet renowned for the charm of his discourse and a shining example of upright
Saints of the day: