celebrex for prostatitis tbr.pl can clomid cause ringworm buy zovirax eye ointment 3 4.5 g trazodone 300 mg for sleep metformin and gastric bypass price of lamisil oilment in india norweco singulair aerator model 206c on sale mobic dosage 50mg starting warfarin without heparin till-landry.com drank wine can i take amitriptyline for sleep phenergan elixir urdu meaning what does doxycycline hyclate 100mg look like floryakurye.com.tr is levaquin better than amoxil what is lisinopril 10 mg used for how much does 600mg of zyvox costs gkminc.com champion-container.com provera ukradenih vozila rantical.com finasteride australia side effects baclofen mankind nexium kegunaannya cialis 20 mg tablet tamoxifen sore feet au eude.es gkris.com pastillas indocin indomethacin 25 mg effects of sildenafil citrate mtm 100 on women sobrietybyyourside.com can you buy otc viagra zantac and levofloxacin using lamisil on cats ultimos estudios finasteride levofloxacin 500 mg en alcohol erythromycin newborn directions ilosone cream brand names over the counter seroquel 50 mg effects on dogs gabapentin side effects half life what is the essence of sildenafil citrate tables azithromycin 4 dollar list buy flagyl dogs does viagra make you horny que contiene citotec aparte de misoprostol cual es la diferencia entre viagra y cialis buying viagra delivered worldwide doxycycline 6 months buspar high nasal diltiazem cd 300 ic amoxicillin 500 for abscess tooth theartofmarketing.com hrg seroquel viagra andnot generic trazodon erectile disfunction cytotec versi indonesia spacecityparent.com pandahomecare.com wilbraham.com how to use misoprostol 4weeks into pregnancy coreg 3 prednisone for 10 days for asthma eu-atp.org photoloco.com disulfiram cost in india sideinfo.com.br dws-xip.pl cipro buy online para perros pastillas para la alergia atarax does zoloft cause emotional numbness shoppers drug mart diflucan zovirax generic dosage what is baclofen called on the streets orlistat slimming tablets centergaz.pl doubleglazingcompanies.com brand levitra erectile dysfunction champion-container.com nolvadex and hdl can i exercise after taking cialis mylan bupropion xl reviews citalopram uk forum how long can you take buspar meth beach in celebrex commercial lisinopril holistic alternatives kidney esomeprazole 3d 14leclub.com will gain weight if taking to much synthroid pediatric amoxicillin dosage for strep throat vibramycin cream doxycycline hyclate and alcohol consumption over the counter substitute for flomax lexapro headache alcohol how can bactrim suspension syrup help my 4months baby buy tadalafil uk online who is brunette in cialis commercial virtualsem.com where to buy roaccutane capsule in malaysia augmentin 625 cost india can u get high on 20 mg baclofen augmentin 875 mg tablets waterfrontalehouse.com thuoc voltaren 50mg dilofenac free sample herbal viagra flagyl aka metronidazole side effects with alcohol synthroid 25mcg side effects of paxil and fosomax taken together rf5.org buy liquid albuterol russianfestival.ie weingutkohl.de jwalkny.com 5x5.hu wedlok.com 8weeks abortion with misoprostol 200 mg metronidazole benzoate oral suspension image kamagra 100 mg oraljelly si ta perdorim coparmex.org.mx liquid tamoxifen for sale harga obat amlodipine besylate aatif.lu que funcion ace el plavix 75mg flagyl and augmentin forte combination lexapro south africa street price for hydroxyzine huafengcreative.com provera tablets price in the philippines kesan pill doxycycline 100mg secretlives.me montelukast 10 mg hapacol la thuoc gi 2buy levitra online viagra escitalopram oxalate 10mg mixing alcohol metronidazole 500 mg how long does it take to work floraphotographs.com SUNNYDUVET.COM chamber.md camerata.com cong dung thuoc phenergan 25mg pret tableta levofloxacin prednisone 20mg dosage for bulging discs propranolol purchase online diarrhea from lisinopril ncsdsample2.docbro.com digoxin cara kerja antibiotics safe for the liver citalopram withdrawal symptoms gums prise 500mg atarax clozapine brand tab cost in usa sertraline 100mg effects fertility amitriptyline and celexa causing weight gain side effects famvir ointment fluoxetine hydrochloride 30 mg oeufspolis.com chamber.md amitriptyline 25 mg get you high floryakurye.com.tr can you buy antibiotics over the counter frace toughfurniture.com thomaskingsleytroupe.com how to taper 30 mg prednisone in 5 days buy gabapentin 800 mg no prescription can you overdose on propranolol and trazodone cymbalta preis ch lamisil cream on polished nails kamagra oral jelly price list torontoems.ca grandcanyonbrewery.com brown tablet erection wordsalamode.com sertraline and levofloxacine interactions ubat fluconazole capsule 150mg difluvid hangover relief. neurontin how many 500mg augmentin to 3 grams topiramate wellbutrin weight loss redzigaismu.lv diffrents between cozaar yellow and cozaar white pill isotretinoin 100mg zithromax 1000mg for chlamydia how do flagyl work in preventing pregnancy famvir drug cat where can i buy nolvadex and proviron in the uk nursing interventions when giving ondansetron montelukast sodium 10 mg tablet cause dark urine all the anxiety pills that make you high prazosin toughfurniture.com eude.es ciprofloxacin 500mg antibiotics treatment snort baclofen 10 mg augmentin 375 mg used does prednisone help tennis elbow levitra generic price corral88.org lexapro and nexium interaction treatment for uti amoxicillin dosage kamagra jelly online indian rupee gauntletpress.com dctourguideonline.com metformin and green stool buy amoxicillin clavulanate erowids vault prednisone niagarajazzfestival.com tadalafil tablets 20mgdapoxetine coumadin coagulopathy icd 9 why does furosemide affect after load buy valsartan hctz do you have to wean from ritalin to switch to strattera ciprofloxacin effects kidneys huafengcreative.com augmentin brands in nigeria clomid 50mg twice a day haciendahotel-oldtown.com how quick does iv lasix work icsliberia.org cardura 2 mg fiyat?± kimlearningcenter.com sweetcheekshq.com cialis mg 50 viagra australia women usian.org who are the innovator of ampicillin should diflucan be taken during period or after misoprostol venta libre en salta what happebens if i take 40mg of cialis in one time hanhvyshop.vn i have been on 5 mg of lexapro for year augmentin 875 for tooth abscess cheap viagra brand indomethacin 25 mg drug interactions interaction colcrys taking with carvedilol 3.125 is it safe to take viagra with ramapril prednisone 5 mg dose pack shingles reciews prednisone for muscle pain tbr.pl ibuprofen vs naproxen gabapentin for dogs side effects overdose cuanto vale el orlistat en wallmart mexico tamsulosin 400 mg side effects mhc-s.com diarea after drinking alcohol on paxil price of longer erection pills in india premarin .625 helps to get pregnant nearion.com buy cheap generic cialis tadalafil can 1500 milligrams of levofloxacin cure chlamydia citalopram 30 mg anxiety estrace generic equivalent cream would .3 clonidine get me high tamoxifen biogaran 20 mg amoxicillin oral suspension and nurofen aasoc.pl can u smoke telmisartan like crack when is it ok to take ten tablets of flagyl onlywebs.us side effects of women taking viagra soleaturk.com fluconazole for dogs no prescription prednisone 5mg side effects generic cialis for daily use rantical.com happyknits.com serviciosarcom.com metronidazole eyelash cream buy uk can doxycycline hyclate end your period clomid price canada dosage of levofloxacin in uti in europe is buspirone like valium fungsi doxycycline hyclate 100 ondansetron ip 4 mg is safe in pregnancy buy famvir online canada theartofmarketing.com online farmasi jual cytotec ciprofloxacin price valacyclovir and bcs bactrim forte breastfeeding can i take a second apo fluconazole will clomid work if i have a 37 day cycle likelihood 25 mg seroquel tardive dyskinesia eu-atp.org valacyclovir salep cymbalta ruined my life waterfrontalehouse.com flomax bambini 400 mg supposte minum obat azithromycin 500 mg furosemide 40 mg and hives mitsuifinearts.com purchase estradiol patch albuterol nebulizer for hyperkalmeia newest antidepressants precedex to clonidine conversion estradiol 79 can i legally buy viagra online in australia mobilfodral.net amoxicillin for uti treatment site:.edu flagyl dan manfaatnya what if i take 50 mg of montelukast how soon can you take another diflucan virtualsem.com esbueno tomar viagra naproxen 750 mg reviews how long does half a pill of levitra work for singulair 4 mg or 5mg valacyclovir 1 gm is that over 500 mg 1001.org azithromycin price per tablet philippines dws-xip.pl onlywebs.us prednisone dose for 14 lb dogs plavix price in uae dubai lexapro patient assistance lexapro 7 months prednisolone alternative without lactose price of azithromycin tablet 1000mg in niveria benazepril hydrochloride australia anemia and bactrim forte movix meloxicam 75 mg fluconazole capsule prices in india taking prozac wellbutrin and depakote does celexa cause gynecomastia coming off of doxazosin does gabapentin and klonopin cause sleepiness loperamide and propranolol buildingsonfire.com tamsulosin hci 0.4 alternativ flagyl make you pregnant in who many weeks groganstudios.com walterbruck.de what antibiotics can i buy over the counter in georgia orlistat uk supply metronidazole side effect and price piroxicam 4mg firsttimetravels.com creasite.fr theweddingdolls.co.uk taking anavar while on propecia brownhousephoto.com hansrajcollege.info side effects of amitriptyline metronidazole in vietnamese revue-pto.com finasteride philippines forums what is the street value of gabapentin 300mg generic cialis online fast shipping 4kom.it gotfi.pl gabapentin300 feels grrear kegunaan dexamethasone viagra 50 adult dosage for ciprotab action of cytotec como tomar el mifepristone misoprostol singulair montelukast 10 mg and treatment for the nerve prezzo voltaren 100g retard dws-xip.pl metronidazole gel costs amitriptyline dog sleepy 272ug ivermectin where to buy flagyl suposetery in south africa durban prometrium 200 mg ovuli chamber.md viagra making it work better lamisil cream and tablet for vagina fungi buy metformin tablets uk blood clots and flagyl is levaquin gluten free does metronidazole vaginal gel cause miscarages nortriptyline pain street value chizeaphockey.com theitrecruiters.com famciclovir tablet alternate in india will bactrim treat bad tooth dry mouth on ciprofloxacin eu-atp.org buy diflucan for dogs without a rx inovaclub.com.mx contraceptive ethinyl estradiol desogestrel rape dose metoprolol 736 menafilmfest.com synthroid 300 mcg photoloco.com habitat.tj dexamethasone acetate tablets haciendahotel-oldtown.com generic lexapro best prices turystykawinternecie.pl can trazodone cause bloodshot eyes and small pupils metoprolol er 25 mg side effects marontech.com.my coupon para diovan 80 mg generic viagra houston tx finasteride 1 mg.co.in para que sirve la crema piroxicam gel vpdcorp.com farmacia donde puedo conseguir cytotec tepic nayarit is it safe to use flagylpill during your period km-kh.com famciclovirpara q s usa vitaroom.net nexium 40 rates online without a prescription zithromax for dogs how much is too much prazosin to snort para que sirve el metoprolol er 50 mg springracinginsights.com micardis hct and perrier escitalopram omega 3 misoprostol dosage 27 weeks 15 mg buspirone high accidental overdose of metoprolol sandoz green tea and soy and propecia together gratisdiscotecas.com buy amoxicillin line twentynineinches-de.com zoloft 100mg vs 50mg how does one know clomiphene citrate pills worked wife is happy with cialis can i take acyclovir during first trimester q2melbourne.com ive taken 250mg of sildenafil teva tablets kmmvin.eu azithromycin chlamydia treatment g.e. escitalopram vs lexapro buspirone used for opiate withdrawal katartisi-pnai.gr pfizer viagra online uk prazosin pdf finasteride in hinde can you take amoxicillin and diclofenac together audiomaximus.com la amoxil para que sirve sekerpinarosgb.com theisod.org prazosin 8 mg dosage ivermectin25 lb dig scabies can lopressor cause low platelets bactrim ds uti length of infection flagyl forte 500 adalah how long to get topiramate out of system albuterol cycle side effects monikagawor.pl corsidoppiaggio.com newworldfoods.ca himax vs viagra prozac topimax alcohol interaction cialis 75mg shampoo dengan ketoconazole siwe.be finasteride 1mg side effect chest pain cuatro meses tomando finasteride schwanderinsurance.com ebusiness-lab.gr fluconazole for dogs probiotic redzigaismu.lv gestodene 75 mcg ethinyl estradiol 20 mcg fluoxetine after 3 weeks bociansafaris.com duloxetine bioequivalence schwanderinsurance.com dermo care terbinafine dusting powder como tomar sildenafil con alcohol do people sell atarax on the streets horners.org.uk actionoftablet rupatadineandmontelukast if you take cialis twice a day misoprostol contraindications xenical sold in stores lbc4help.org side effects of lisinopril stada 5 mg sevban.com rantical.com citalopram 60mg daily bad yahoo sertraline hcl 100 mg street value accutane without birth control pill cd37 clomid filmarray.com vancomycin tablets and linezolid wordsalamode.com habitat.tj canadian ketoconazole shampoo 2 perrigo seroquel vs sinogan tbr.pl what is the target tissue of thyroxine viagra for what purpose is being used clomid cycle day 13 and peeing a lot edgewaterstudio.com mobile-pharma.com amoxicillin for herpes stomatitis viagra rogain online sales verapamil cost firsttimetravels.com supplements while on coumadin probiotics iv to po lasix bupropion generic price ir thesoundalarm.com free viagra without prescription fexofenadine and montelukast combination cheap generic do fluconazole 150 mg work for oral thrush buy single dose azithromycin buy ondansetron wafers 283858.com estradiol ii e411

St Athanasius

May 2
by EWTN | Source: www.ewtn.com/SaintsHoly
20120501_Saint_Athanasius.jpgSt Athanasius
Known as the "champion of orthodoxy," was born about the year 297, in Alexandria. There is a tradition, related by Rufinus, that he first attracted the notice of Patriarch Alexander as he was playing at baptism on the seashore with other small boys. After watching young Athanasius perform the rite, the prelate called the boys to him and by questioning satisfied himself that the baptisms were valid. He then undertook to have these boys trained for the priesthood. Athanasius received an excellent education, not only in Christian doctrine, but also in Greek literature and philosophy, rhetoric, and jurisprudence.
He knew the Scriptures thoroughly, and learned theology from teachers who had been confessors during the terrible persecutions under Maximian. In youth he appears to have formed friendships with several hermits of the desert, especially with the great Antony, whose biography he was to write. He was reader to the patriarch, and in 318 became his secretary. During this period he wrote a discourse, <Against the Gentiles>, in which he attempted an explanation of the Incarnation and the doctrine of the Trinity.

   In Egypt two strong and often divergent forces had early appeared in the Christian Church: the conservative hierarchy in Alexandria, represented by the patriarch or bishop, and the theologians of the schools, who cared little for tradition and stood for free reasoning on theological subjects. The leaders of the latter party had sometimes been obliged, like the famous Origen, to go into exile. There were also schisms over the distribution of authority in the Church and over doctrinal questions. It was probably about the year 323 that one Arius, a priest of the church of Baucalis, began to teach that Jesus, though more than man, was not eternal God, that he was created in time by the Eternal Father, and could therefore be described only figuratively as the Son of God.
The patriarch demanded a written statement of these doctrines. With only two dissenting voices the bishops condemned them as heresy, and deposed Arius, together with eleven priests and deacons of Alexandria. Arius retired to Caesarea, where he continued to propagate his ideas, enlisting the support of Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia and other Syrian prelates. In Egypt he had already won over many of the metaphysicians, as well as Meletius, bishop of Lycopolis, and leader of a dissident group. Theology being the topic which most deeply engaged mens minds, the Arian controversy interested all classes of the population. The heretical propositions were publicized in the form of songs set to popular tunes, and these were chanted in the forums and carried by sailors from port to port.

   Athanasius, as the patriarchs secretary, took a prominent part in this great Church struggle. It is probable that he even composed the encyclical letter announcing the condemnation of Arius. We know that he was present, as an attendant on Alexander, at the famous Council of Nicaea, summoned by the Emperor Constantine to determine matters of dogma. There the sentence against Arius was confirmed, and the confession of faith known as the Nicene Creed promulgated and subscribed. This gathering of churchmen influenced Athanasius deeply, and, as a modern writer has said, the rest of his life was a testimony to the divinity of the Saviour.

   Shortly after this Alexander died, and Athanasius succeeded him, although he was not yet thirty. One of his first acts was a tour of his enormous diocese, which included the great monastic settlements, especially the Thebaid. He ordained a bishop for Abyssinia, where the Christian faith had recently been established. Yet in spite of his best efforts, there was strong opposition. The Meletians made common cause with the Arians, and the movement, temporarily discredited by the Council of Nicaea, was soon again rampant in Asia Minor and Egypt.


In 330 the Arian bishop of Nicomedia, Eusebius, returned from his exile and before long had persuaded the aging Constantine to write to Athanasius, bidding him readmit Arius into communion, in the interests of unity. Eusebius sent an ingratiating letter in defense of Arius, but Athanasius held to his conviction that the Church could have no communion with heretics who attacked the divinity of Christ. Then Eusebius wrote the Egyptian Meletians urging them to impeach Athanasius for personal misconduct. They brought charges that he had levied a general tribute of linen for use in his own church, and made other petty accusations. At his trial before the emperor, Athanasius cleared himself and returned in triumph to Alexandria, bearing with him a letter of approval from Constantinople.

   His enemies now accused him of having murdered a Meletian bishop named Arsenius, and summoned him to attend a council at Caesarea. Knowing that his supposed victim was in hiding, Athanasius ignored the summons. In 335 an order came from Constantinople to appear before another assembly at Tyre, packed by his opponents and presided over by an Arian who had seized the see of Antioch. Realizing that his condemnation had been decided on, Athanasius abruptly left the council and took ship for Constantinople. There he accosted the emperor as a suppliant in the street and obtained an interview. So completely did he vindicate himself that Constantine summoned the bishops to Constantinople for a retrial of the case. Then, for some unexplained reason, he suddenly changed his mind. Before the first letter arrived, a second was sent, confirming the sentence and banishing Athanasius to Treves. During this first exile, Athanasius kept in touch with his flock by letter.

   In 337 Constantine died, shortly after his baptism by Eusebius of Nicomedia, and his empire was divided among his three sons, Constantine II, Constantius, and Constans. Many of the exiled prelates were now recalled. One of the first acts of Constantine II, who had sovereignty over Britain, Spain, and Gaul, was to allow Athanasius to return to his see. Two years later Constantine II was to be killed in battle in Aquileia. The patriarch reentered Alexandria in seeming triumph, but his enemies were as relentless as ever, and Eusebius of Nicomedia had completely won over the Emperor Constantius, within whose portion of the empire Alexandria was situated. New scandals were invented and Athanasius was now accused of raising sedition, promoting bloodshed, and keeping for himself corn intended for the poor. A Church council which met at Antioch again deposed him, and ratified an Arian bishop for Alexandria.


In the midst of all this confusion a Cappadocian priest named Gregory was forcibly installed as patriarch of Alexandria by the city prefect, pagans and Arians having now joined forces against the Catholics. Confronted unceasingly by acts of violence and sacrilege, Athanasius betook himself to Rome to await the hearing of his case by the Pope. A synod was summoned, but the Eusebians who had proposed it failed to appear. The result was a complete vindication of Athanasius, a verdict afterwards endorsed by the Council of Sardica. Nevertheless he found it impossible to return to Alexandria until after the death of Gregory, and then only because Emperor Constantius, on the eve of a war with Persia, thought it politic to propitiate his brother Constans by restoring Athanasius to his see.

   After an absence then of eight years, Athanasius was welcomed back to Alexandria in 346, and for three or four years there was comparative peace. But the murder of Constans in 350 removed the most powerful support of orthodoxy, and Constantius, once he found himself ruler of both West and East, set himself to crush the man he now regarded as a personal enemy. At Arles in 353 he obtained the condemnation of Athanasius from a council of Gallic bishops, who seem to have been kept in ignorance of the importance of the issues. Two years later at Milan he met with more opposition from the Italian bishops, but when with his hand on his sword he gave them their choice between condemnation of Athanasius and exile, by far the greater number yielded.

The few stubborn bishops were exiled, including the new Pope Liberius. He was sent into isolation in Thrace until, broken in body and spirit, he too gave his consent to the Arian decrees. Athanasius held on for another year with the support of his own clergy and people. Then one night, as he was celebrating a vigil in the church of St. Thomas, soldiers broke in. Athanasius was instantly surrounded by his people, who swept him out into the safety of darkness; but for six years thereafter he had to live in hiding. His abounding energy now expressed itself in literary composition, and to this period are ascribed his chief writings, including a <History of the Arians>, three letters to Serapion, a defense of his position to Constantius, and a treatise on the synods of Rimini and Seleucia.


The death of Constantius in 361 was followed by another shift in the situation. The new emperor, Julian, a pagan, revoked the sentences of banishment enacted by his predecessors, and Athanasius returned once again to his own city. But it was only for a few months. Julians plans for a reconquest of the Christian world could make little headway as long as the champion of the Catholic faith ruled in Egypt; he also considered it necessary to banish Athanasius from Alexandria as "a disturber of the peace and an enemy of the gods." During this fourth exile, he seems to have explored the entire Thebaid. He was in Antinopolis when two hermits informed him of the death of Julian, who, it was later ascertained, at that moment was expiring in distant Persia, slain by an enemys arrow.

   The new emperor, Jovian, a soldier of Catholic sympathies, revoked the sentence of banishment and invited Athanasius to Antioch, to expound the doctrine of the Trinity. Jovians reign lasted only a year, and his successor in the East, Valens, succumbed to Arian pressure in Constantinople and in May, 365, issued an order banishing again all orthodox bishops who had been exiled by Constantius and restored by his successors.
Once more the worn and aged prelate was forced to flee. The ecclesiastical historian, Socrates, tells us that Athanasius hid himself this time in his fathers tomb, but a better- informed writer says that he spent the months in a villa in a suburb of Alexandria. Four months later Valens revoked his edict, fearing possibly a rising of the Egyptians, who were determined to accept no other man as bishop. Joyfully they escorted him back. Athanasius had spent seventeen years in exile, but his last years were peaceful. He died in Alexandria on May 2, 373. His body was twice removed, first to Constantinople, and then to Venice.

   While the theological controversies which marked this period may seem both complex and remote, they were an important milestone in the history of the Church, Athanasius rendering an outstanding service. The statement of Christian doctrine known as the Athanasian Creed was probably composed during his life, but not actually by him. In his works there is deep spiritual feeling and understanding, and as Cardinal Newman said, he stands as "a principal instrument after the Apostles by which the sacred truths of Christianity have been conveyed and secured to the world."

To read more about this Saint go to:

Saint Athanasius, Bishop and Doctor I

Saint Athanasius, Bishop and Doctor II

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows Catholic.net to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to Catholic.net right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular