Juan Diego was born in 1474 in the calpulli or ward of Tlayacac in Cuauhtitlan, which was
established in 1168 by Nahua tribesmen and conquered by the Aztec lord Axayacatl in 1467; and was
located 20 kilometers (14 miles) north of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City).
On December 9, 1531, a native Mexican named
Juan Diego rose before dawn to walk fifteen miles to daily Mass in what is now Mexico City. Juan
lived a simple life as a weaver, farmer, and laborer. That morning, as Juan passed Tepeyac Hill, he
heard music and saw a glowing cloud encircled by a rainbow. A woman's voice called him to the top of
the hill. There he saw a beautiful young woman dressed like an Aztec princess. She said she was the
Virgin Mary and asked Juan to tell the bishop to build a church on that site. She said, "I vividly
desire that a church be built on this site, so that in it I can be present and give my love,
compassion, help, and defense, for I am your most devoted mother . . . to hear your laments and to
remedy all your miseries, pains, and sufferings."
The bishop was kind but skeptical. He asked
Juan to bring proof of the Lady's identity. Before Juan could go back to the Lady, he found out his
uncle was dying. Hurrying to get a priest, Juan missed his meeting with the Lady. The Lady, however,
met him on his path and told him that his uncle had been cured.
She then told Juan to climb to the top of the
hill where they first met. Juan was shocked to find flowers growing in the frozen soil. He gathered
them in his cloak and took them at once to the bishop.
Juan told the bishop what had happened and
opened his cloak. The flowers that fell to the ground were Castilian roses (which were not grown in
Mexico). But the bishop's eyes were on the glowing image of the Lady imprinted inside Juan's
after, a church was built on the site where our Lady appeared, and thousands converted to
Christianity. Our Lady of Guadalupe was declared the patroness of the Americas.
He died on May 30, 1548, at
the age of 74.
Juan Diego deeply loved the Holy Eucharist, and by special permission of the Bishop he
received Holy Communion three times a week, a highly unusual occurrence in those times.
Pope John Paul II praised
Juan Diego for his simple faith nourished by catechesis and pictured him (who said to the Blessed
Virgin Mary: “I am a nobody, I am a small rope, a tiny ladder, the tail end, a leaf”) as a model of
humility for all of us.
In His Footsteps:
Juan walked fifteen miles to attend Mass every day. Participate in Mass
one day this week that is not a Sunday Mass. If this is impossible, take a long walk outside and
notice the miracles of God's love during that walk. You may not see roses in the snow or hear music,
but there is plenty to praise God for!
Prayer: Blessed Juan, you faced
the skepticism and rejection of a bishop and the crowds to bring Mary's message to Mexico. Pray for
us that when we are faced with obstacles to our faith we may show that same courage and commitment.
Pope John Paul II - Homily During Juan Diego's Canonization - 31 July
thank you, Father ... that you have hidden these things from the wise and understanding and revealed
them to babes; yea, Father, for such was your gracious will" (Mt 11:25-26).
Dear Brothers and
These words of Jesus in today's Gospel are a special invitation to us to praise and thank
God for the gift of the first indigenous Saint of the American Continent.
With deep joy I have come
on pilgrimage to this Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, the Marian heart of Mexico and of America,
to proclaim the holiness of Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin, the simple, humble Indian who contemplated
the sweet and serene face of Our Lady of Tepeyac, so dear to the people of Mexico.
2. I am grateful for the
kind words of Cardinal Norberto Rivera Carrera, Archbishop of Mexico City, and for the warm
hospitality of the people of this Primatial Archdiocese: my cordial greeting goes to everyone. I
also greet with affection Cardinal Ernesto Corripio Ahumada, Archbishop Emeritus of Mexico City, and
the other Cardinals, as well as the Bishops of Mexico, of America, of the Philippines and of other
places in the world. I am likewise particularly grateful to the President and the civil Authorities
for their presence at this celebration.
Today I address a very affectionate greeting to the many indigenous
people who have come from the different regions of the country, representing the various ethnic
groups and cultures which make up the rich, multifaceted Mexican reality. The Pope expresses his
closeness to them, his deep respect and admiration, and receives them fraternally in the Lord's
What was Juan Diego like? Why did God look upon him? The Book of Sirach, as we have heard, teaches
us that God alone "is mighty; he is glorified by the humble" (cf. Sir 3:20). Saint Paul's words,
also proclaimed at this celebration, shed light on the divine way of bringing about salvation: "God
chose what is low and despised in the world ... so that no human being might boast in the presence
of God" (1 Cor 1:28,29).
It is moving to read the accounts of Guadalupe, sensitively written and
steeped in tenderness. In them the Virgin Mary, the handmaid "who glorified the Lord" (Lk 1:46),
reveals herself to Juan Diego as the Mother of the true God. As a sign, she gives him precious
roses, and as he shows them to the Bishop, he discovers the blessed image of Our Lady imprinted on
"The Guadalupe Event," as the Mexican Episcopate has pointed out, "meant the beginning of
evangelization with a vitality that surpassed all expectations. Christ's message, through his
Mother, took up the central elements of the indigenous culture, purified them and gave them the
definitive sense of salvation" (14 May 2002, No. 8). Consequently Guadalupe and Juan Diego have a
deep ecclesial and missionary meaning and are a model of perfectly inculturated
4. "The Lord looks down from heaven, he sees all the sons of men" (Ps 33:13), we recited
with the Psalmist, once again confessing our faith in God, who makes no distinctions of race or
culture. In accepting the Christian message without forgoing his indigenous identity, Juan Diego
discovered the profound truth of the new humanity, in which all are called to be children of God.
Thus he facilitated the fruitful meeting of two worlds and became the catalyst for the new Mexican
identity, closely united to Our Lady of Guadalupe, whose mestizo face expresses her spiritual
motherhood which embraces all Mexicans. This is why the witness of his life must continue to be the
inspiration for the building up of the Mexican nation, encouraging brotherhood among all its
children and ever helping to reconcile Mexico with its origins, values, and
The noble task of building a better Mexico, with greater justice and solidarity, demands
the cooperation of all. In particular, it is necessary today to support the indigenous peoples in
their legitimate aspirations, respecting and defending the authentic values of each ethnic group.
Mexico needs its indigenous peoples and these peoples need Mexico!
Beloved bothers and sisters
of every ethnic background of Mexico and America, today, in praising the Indian Juan Diego, I want
to express to all of you the closeness of the Church and the Pope, embracing you with love and
encouraging you to overcome with hope the difficult times you are going through.
5. At this decisive moment
in Mexico's history, having already crossed the threshold of the new millennium, I entrust to the
powerful intercession of Saint Juan Diego the joys and hopes, the fears and anxieties of the beloved
Mexican people, whom I carry in my heart.
Blessed Juan Diego, a good, Christian Indian,
whom simple people have always considered a saint! We ask you to accompany the Church on her
pilgrimage in Mexico, so that she may be more evangelizing and more missionary each day. Encourage
the Bishops, support the priests, inspire new and holy vocations, help all those who give their
lives to the cause of Christ and the spread of his Kingdom.
Happy Juan Diego, true and faithful man! We
entrust to you our lay brothers and sisters so that, feeling the call to holiness, they may imbue
every area of social life with the spirit of the Gospel. Bless families, strengthen spouses in their
marriage, sustain the efforts of parents to give their children a Christian upbringing. Look with
favor upon the pain of those who are suffering in body or in spirit, on those afflicted by poverty,
loneliness, marginalization, or ignorance. May all people, civic leaders and ordinary citizens,
always act in accordance with the demands of justice and with respect for the dignity of each
person, so that in this way peace may be reinforced.
Beloved Juan Diego, "the talking eagle"! Show
us the way that leads to the "Dark Virgin" of Tepeyac, that she may receive us in the depths of her
heart, for she is the loving, compassionate Mother who guides us to the true God. Amen.
To learn moreCanonization of Juan Diego Cuauhtlatoatzin