2nd book of Maccabees
The officers of the king in charge of enforcing the apostasy came to the city of Modein to
organize the sacrifices.
Many of Israel joined them,
but Mattathias and his sons gathered in a group apart.
Then the officers of the king addressed Mattathias: "You are a leader, an honorable and
great man in this city, supported by sons and kinsmen.
Come now, be the first to obey the king's command, as all the Gentiles and the men of
Judah and those who are left in Jerusalem have done. Then you and your sons shall be numbered among
the King's Friends, and shall be enriched with silver and gold and many gifts."
But Mattathias answered in a loud voice: "Although all the Gentiles in
the king's realm obey him, so that each forsakes the religion of his fathers and consents to the
yet I and my sons and my kinsmen will
keep to the covenant of our fathers.
God forbid that we
should forsake the law and the commandments.
not obey the words of the king nor depart from our religion in the slightest
As he finished saying these words, a certain
Jew came forward in the sight of all to offer sacrifice on the altar in Modein according to the
When Mattathias saw him, he was filled
with zeal; his heart was moved and his just fury was aroused; he sprang forward and killed him upon
At the same time, he also killed the
messenger of the king who was forcing them to sacrifice, and he tore down the altar.
Thus he showed his zeal for the law, just as Phinehas did with Zimri,
son of Salu.
Then Mattathias went through the city
shouting, "Let everyone who is zealous for the law and who stands by the covenant follow after
Thereupon he fled to the mountains with his sons,
leaving behind in the city all their possessions.
who sought to live according to righteousness and religious custom went out into the desert to
A psalm of Asaph. The LORD, the God of
gods, has spoken and summoned the earth from the rising of the sun to its setting.
From Zion God shines forth. perfect in beauty.
"Gather my faithful ones before me, those who made a covenant with me
The heavens proclaim divine justice, for
God alone is the judge. Selah
Offer praise as your sacrifice to God; fulfill your vows to the Most
Then call on me in time of distress; I will
rescue you, and you shall honor me."
Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ
according to Saint Luke 19:41-44.
As he drew near, he saw the city and
wept over it,
saying, "If this day you only knew what makes
for peace--but now it is hidden from your eyes.
days are coming upon you when your enemies will raise a palisade against you; they will encircle you
and hem you in on all sides.
They will smash you to the
ground and your children within you, and they will not leave one stone upon another within you
because you did not recognize the time of your visitation."