celexa paraesthesia abilify yrsel can you be allergic to azithromycin generic montelukast india after taking clomid when to test for pregnancy estradiol guercmorteo discount taking yohimbe with viagra isotretinoina en dermatitis seborreica chloramphenicol eye ointment bp 1.0 w w neurontin for dogs buy online starlix cost amoxicillin takes how long to work does side effect of ventolin inhaler what happens when you only take half cialis taking levaquin azithromycin comprar cytotec cr adderall and carvedilol side effects sudafed and gabapentin high endometriosis ovulating miscarriage and clomid zithromax one dose chlamydia timeline whsts difference btw zyprexa and seroquel can you break cialis in a half and still be effective benadryl and keflex side effects of prednisone 10mg for dogs avis sur site viagra phenergan for 8 month old zoloft and shoulder pain aciclovir receta amerikan gold viagra yorumlari neurontin acoustic neuroma medication guide for zoloft controversity over phenergan iv sindrome abstinencia topamax starting abilify clomiphene price in the philippines estrace .5mg double dose propranolol menikini allegra 500 c reviews generic nortriptyline hereisthebestin doxycycline hyc cost phenobarbital compared to topamax discount cialis drugs mix adderall with cialis tamoxifen dosage timing tamoxifen side effects for men discounted diet pills acyclovir for chronic fatigue syndrome clomid 10 compresse clomid follicle size ovulation pret medicament dostinex side effect of ofloxacin ornidazole how do i detox my dog from prednisone stores where viagra is available in lahore allegra d 24 hour pill nebenwirkung von ampicillin take viagra under the tongue paxil urine smell or color long term effects of cytotec abortion bactrim and theraflu how long to flush finasteride from body pamelor and aleve amitriptyline 25 mg get you high amoxil pediatrico cuanto cuesta kamagra lastschrift aciclovir compresse 800 mg lipitor lab considerations ciproud glee clomid iui bleeding fruit that gives you erections wie lange cymbalta einnehmen dutasteride hiperplasia prostatica hcpcs code for 4 mg of zofran difference between norvasc and amlodipine amoxicillin and bystolic what does bio metronidazole do in pregnancy what is ciprofloxacin 500mg will it help for sre throat seroquel nasil birakilir glucophage co tac dung gi septra antibiotic sun exposure metronidazole 500mg gel ivermectin dosage for pierri dog does topamax do bipolar zofran 4 mg injection generic elavil manufacturer prescription needed for nolvadex can misoprostol induce labor cijena tablete levitra u sloveniji kamagra prah zyban course of treatment how quickly does nexium take effect finasteride dia por medio bactrim ds mucinex d does gabapentin cause green stools can i take cytotec while breastfeeding working out while taking cialis does seroquel mess you up hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg tabletki lisinopril 5 mg made by mylan look like flagyl nistatina valor clomid e teratozoospermia going back to celexa does aldactone increase breast size tadalafil poppers doxycycline 500mg untuk obat apa viagra in bombay erythromycin delayed period can u ovulate the third day on clomid diet pill danger men using cialis doxycycline cause gastritis metronidazole 400 mg for tooth infection tablets where to buy 150 clomid alternatives to lisinopril fluconazole dosi how long can i take prednisone 10mg torsemide online montelukast y zafirlukast es lo mismo dexamethasone to prednisone conversion tonsillitis zithromax dosage metronidazole can u drink ketoconazole to treat ringworm armstrong albuterol inhaler sale taking two allegra 180 can i take bactrim forte with advil acebrophylline with montelukast combination nolvadex 20mg tablets purchase coumadin 3.7 sinequan 10mg side effects acyclovir 400 mg comprimido 1000 mg azithromycin online atomoxetine 10 3 generic sildenafil viagra valtrex allergic birth control after fluconazole second baby clomid synthroid 137 kamagra legit drug diflucan side effects tetracycline and chloramphenicol ppt piroxicam u.s.p 20mg work for clomid bustine pomegranate juice and 10mg lisinopril will terbinafine treat eczema is methocarbamol a good muscle relaxer is diflucan safe while breastfeeding nexium mups nebenwirkung beipackzettel long term use of viagra gabapentin for dogs long term use strattera and ambien shoppers drug mart viagra cost engorda cymbalta 60 mg cipro for stomach problems albuterol to 1 ac next tx amoxicillin cost to nhs orlistat over the counter cheap estrace amoxicillin do you refrigerate 6 months pregnant doxycycline effects on women of propecia generic flomax cr zoloft uk equivalent celebrex liver pid and diflucan zithromax difference between cialis 10 20 40 mg gabapentin side effects in men indikasi obat salep mata chloramphenicol untuk bayi viagra binghamton cat vomiting withrawal prednisone dosing clopidogrel based on cyp2c19 do xenical capsules make u lose weight viagra work not turned on elavil bertibarots online clomid without prescriptions in usa chlortetracycline pigeons smaller amounts of cialis work best acyclovir eye drops price in india i have strep throat can i open my amoxicillin capsule alternative to premarin cream because of breast cancer vardenafil 20 mg tablets online viagra cialis levitra clomid e fluimucil orlistat generic price in india fake tamoxifen singulair jaw pain does celexa work for opiate withdrawl drug prednisone 50 mg tab puppy doxycycline for chlamydia pneumoniae buy cytotec online no prescription metoprolol forms how to take the drug azithromycin to cure chlamydia paroxetine 40 mg pill zoloft in nigeria can you take paracetamol with celebrex erythromycin rat 500mg schwangerschaft isotretinoin depression forum kamagra norway api tc tetracycline human vibramycin 100mg cost cvs viagra cost with prescription purchase augmentin proventil hfa 6.7gm tamoxifen womb lining ciprofloxacin dosing for travelers diarrhea can i take voltaren 100mg pills with vicodin why does cialis delay will the side effects of bupropion subside desogestrel aristo online mifepristone and misoprostol works cyproheptadine syrup high typical dose abilify cialis analisis i took diflucan pills two days apart is that ok lipitor onset peak viagra valpo doxazosin order zofran shivering griseofulvin allergic reaction cialis on line uk paroxetine fait elle grossir levaquin dosing for cap flagyl suspension 100ml finasteride crs amitriptyline tinnitus treatment nome viagra generico desogen insert sertraline wellbutrin taken together synthroid looks like what is amitriptyline 25mg neurontin 300 milligrams clopidogrel te koop viagra dissolved in anus harga krim ketoconazole levothroid whartisthebestin dosage can i drink alcohol after taking cipro will 5 day dosage of zithromax z pack cure chlamydia what is acyclovir medicine used for nolvadex and proviron cycle for sale can viagra go bad inderal mg doxycycline epididymitis prostatitis flagyl dose giardiasis where to buy propecia in stores strattera dosage 5 year old ketoconazole tablets dogs facial swelling prednisone duloxetine hcl 30 mg cap chloramphenicol eye drops cost pastillas teva irbesartan tattoos for girls on viagra azithromycin 500 how long till start to work clindamycin and metronidazole taken together can gabapentin actavis treat alcohol withdrawal disulfiram 500mg does cipro interfere with botox treatments metformin and soft stools kamagra dangers lipitor pseudoephedrine buy lisinopril tablets uk topamax permanent hair loss amoxicillin side effect does eating grapefruit effect does accutane give headaches dur?e de cycle avec clomid clomid and preseed twins celebrex and triamterene propecia .25mg creatinina alta e lasix kamagra jelly distributor in banglore cabergoline 15 mg 30 ml periactin shoppers mart canada how long do viagra side effects last prednisone 30 mg weight gain hydrochlorothiazide to lasix conversion metronidazole india suppliers flagyl pills when pregnant baclofen vivid dreams how to take zithromax 500mg can i give phenergan and nurofen buying famvir prices for evista at costco flagyl infeccion dental cordarone 200 mg side effects lindsay lohan side effects of depression prednisone to treat muscle pain prescription keflex 500mg venta de cytotec en costa rica can u become dependent on cialis eli lilly cialis original periactin and appetite stimulant can you use cymbalta to get high sildenafil 50 mg sirve para la eyaculacion precoz can i buy cytotec over the counter in the philippines hair loss nizoral cipro 750 dose drinking alcohol on flagyl switching from paroxetine to effexor estradiol cream price cytotec tabletten beipackzettel can you take ginkgo biloba with lexapro super kamagra pills 800mg cialis on girls priligy dapoxetine does not work albuterol and yeast infection c800 black cialis dosage can zofran get you high glucophage xr for sale does olanzapine slow your metabolism generique viagra 100mg metoclopramide nexium amiodarone 5 jours sur 7 pourquoi erythromycin ointment for neonates famciclovir online order what if i took two doses of lisinopril metformina efectos secuandarios lexapro overdose 60 mg pharmacokinetics of cephalexin can you take allegra d with high blood pressure propecia come si chiama in romania can prednisone be stopped suddenly stopping avodart symptoms griseofulvin used for gabapentin cyclic vomiting is levaquin good for dental infection femara 2 5 abilify jaw clenching amoxicillin 500mg capsules for sale in canada ventolin hfa spacers mircette australia viagra dyskretnie manfaat cialis tadalafil 80mg diflucan antimikotik buy mifepristone and misoprostol philippines cipro for chlamydia and gonorrhea albuterol sulfate hcpcs code dutasteride tener hijos beipackzettel metformin 500 mg singulair karachi side effects viagra empy stomach albuterol sulfate stunt growth paxil kidney damage do i take duloxetine at night puedo diluir cytotec en un poco de agua para tomarla como conseguir en bogota misoprostol que sintomas da clomid.100 doxycycline hyclate diverticulitus doxazosina sandoz un equivalente taper cymbalta schedule metronidazole norfloxacin suspension for diarrhea clomid senza dolori bupropion 150 xl shortage ciprofloxacino gotas ahumada how can you tell brand cialis from fake coumadin 5 mg 28 tablet yan etkileri where buy viagra in beijing metronidazole ointment and side effects from melatonin lexapro and weight loss products can you take aleve with metoprolol succinate er taking zoloft before bed price levitra mexico compra de misoprostol en el df can i take 1000mg of metformin at once cytotec teratogenesis how does acyclovir inhibit protein synthesis baclofen tablets i p pus tetracycline dosage powder ivermectina como age maxalt ritalin what does ondansetron look like ciprofloxacino sirve para infeccion de muela doxycycline does it come in 500mg levaquin endocarditis itp prednisone dose

Saint Teresa of Avila - Doctor of the Church (I)

October 15
by | Source:

Patron of Headache sufferers, Spanish Catholic Writers

b. 1515 d. 1582

Less than twenty years before Teresa was born in 1515, Columbus opened up the Western Hemisphere to European colonization. Two years after she was born, Luther started the Protestant Reformation. Out of all of this change came Teresa pointing the way from outer turmoil to inner peace.

Teresa´s father was rigidly honest and pious, but he may have carried his strictness to extremes. Teresa´s mother loved romance novels but because her husband objected to these fanciful books, she hid the books from him. This put Teresa in the middle -- especially since she liked the romances too. Her father told her never to lie but her mother told her not to tell her father. Later she said she was always afraid that no matter what she did she was going to do everything wrong.

When she was five years old she convinced her older brother that they should, as she says in her Life, "go off to the land of the Moors and beg them, out of love of God, to cut off our heads there." They got as far as the road from the city before an uncle found them and brought them back. Some people have used this story as an early example of sanctity, but this author think it´s better used as an early example of her ability to stir up trouble.

After this incident she led a fairly ordinary life, though she was convinced that she was a horrible sinner. As a teenager, she cared only about boys and clothes and flirting and rebelling -- like other teenagers throughout the ages. When she was 16, her father decided she was out of control and sent her to a convent. At first she hated it but eventually she began to enjoy it -- partly because of her growing love for God, and partly because the convent was a lot less strict than her father.

Still, when the time came for her to choose between marriage and religious life, she had a tough time making the decision. She´d watched a difficult marriage ruin her mother. On the other hand being a nun didn´t seem like much fun. When she finally chose religious life, she did so because she though that it was the only safe place for someone as prone to sin as she was.

Once installed at the Carmelite convent permanently, she started to learn and practice mental prayer, in which she "tried as hard as I could to keep Jesus Christ present within me....My imagination is so dull that I had no talent for imagining or coming up with great theological thoughts." Teresa prayed this way off and on for eighteen years without feeling that she was getting results. Part of the reason for her trouble was that the convent was not the safe place she assumed it would be.

Many women who had no place else to go wound up at the convent, whether they had vocations or not. They were encouraged to stay away from the convents for long period of time to cut down on expenses. Nuns would arrange their veils attractively and wear jewelry. Prestige depended not on piety but on money. There was a steady stream of visitors in the parlor and parties that included young men. What spiritual life there was involved hysteria, weeping, exaggerated penance, nosebleeds, and self- induced visions.
Teresa suffered the same problem that Francis of Assisi did -- she was too charming. Everyone liked her and she liked to be liked. She found it too easy to slip into a worldly life and ignore God. The convent encouraged her to have visitors to whom she would teach mental prayer because their gifts helped the community economy. But Teresa got more involved in flattery, vanity and gossip than spiritual guidance. These weren´t great sins perhaps but they kept her from God.

Then Teresa fell ill with malaria. When she had a seizure, people were so sure she was dead that after she woke up four days later she learned they had dug a grave for her. Afterwards she was paralyzed for three years and was never completely well. Yet instead of helping her spiritually, her sickness became an excuse to stop her prayer completely: she couldn´t be alone enough, she wasn´t healthy enough, and so forth. Later she would say, "Prayer is an act of love, words are not needed. Even if sickness distracts from thoughts, all that is needed is the will to love."

For years she hardly prayed at all "under the guise of humility." She thought as a wicked sinner she didn´t deserve to get favors from God. But turning away from prayer was like "a baby turning from its mother´s breasts, what can be expected but death?"

When she was 41, a priest convinced her to go back to her prayer, but she still found it difficult. "I was more anxious for the hour of prayer to be over than I was to remain there. I don´t know what heavy penance I would not have gladly undertaken rather than practice prayer." She was distracted often: "This intellect is so wild that it doesn´t seem to be anything else than a frantic madman no one can tie down." Teresa sympathizes with those who have a difficult time in prayer: "All the trials we endure cannot be compared to these interior battles."

Yet her experience gives us wonderful descriptions of mental prayer: "For mental prayer in my opinion is nothing else than an intimate sharing between friends; it means taking time frequently to be alone with him who we know loves us. The important thing is not to think much but to love much and so do that which best stirs you to love. Love is not great delight but desire to please God in everything."

As she started to pray again, God gave her spiritual delights: the prayer of quiet where God´s presence overwhelmed her senses, raptures where God overcame her with glorious foolishness, prayer of union where she felt the sun of God melt her soul away. Sometimes her whole body was raised from the ground. If she felt God was going to levitate her body, she stretched out on the floor and called the nuns to sit on her and hold her down. Far from being excited about these events, she "begged God very much not to give me any more favors in public."

In her books, she analyzed and dissects mystical experiences the way a scientist would. She never saw these gifts as rewards from God but the way he "chastised" her. The more love she felt the harder it was to offend God. She says, "The memory of the favor God has granted does more to bring such a person back to God than all the infernal punishments imaginable."

Her biggest fault was her friendships. Though she wasn´t sinning, she was very attached to her friends until God told her "No longer do I want you to converse with human beings but with angels." In an instant he gave her the freedom that she had been unable to achieve through years of effort. After that God always came first in her life.

Some friends, however, did not like what was happening to her and got together to discuss some "remedy" for her. Concluding that she had been deluded by the devil, they sent a Jesuit to analyze her. The Jesuit reassured her that her experiences were from God but soon everyone knew about her and was making fun of her.

One confessor was so sure that the visions were from the devil that he told her to make an obscene gesture called the fig every time she had a vision of Jesus. She cringed but did as she was ordered, all the time apologizing to Jesus. Fortunately, Jesus didn´t seem upset but told her that she was right to obey her confessor. In her autobiography she would say, "I am more afraid of those who are terrified of the devil than I am of the devil himself." The devil was not to be feared but fought by talking more about God.

Teresa felt that the best evidence that her delights came from God was that the experiences gave her peace, inspiration, and encouragement. "If these effects are not present I would greatly doubt that the raptures come from God; on the contrary I would fear lest they be caused by rabies."

Sometimes, however, she couldn´t avoid complaining to her closest Friend about the hostility and gossip that surrounded her. When Jesus told her, "Teresa, that´s how I treat my friends" Teresa responded, "No wonder you have so few friends." But since Christ has so few friends, she felt they should be good ones. And that´s why she decided to reform her Carmelite order.

At the age of 43, she became determined to found a new convent that went back to the basics of a contemplative order: a simple life of poverty devoted to prayer. This doesn´t sound like a big deal, right? Wrong.

When plans leaked out about her first convent, St. Joseph´s, she was denounced from the pulpit, told by her sisters she should raise money for the convent she was already in, and threatened with the Inquisition. The town started legal proceedings against her. All because she wanted to try a simple life of prayer. In the face of this open war, she went ahead calmly, as if nothing was wrong, trusting in God.

"May God protect me from gloomy saints," Teresa said, and that´s how she ran her convent. To her, spiritual life was an attitude of love, not a rule. Although she proclaimed poverty, she believed in work, not in begging. She believed in obedience to God more than penance. If you do something wrong, don´t punish yourself -- change. When someone felt depressed, her advice was that she go some place where she could see the sky and take a walk. When someone was shocked that she was going to eat well, she answered, "There´s a time for partridge and a time for penance." To her brother´s wish to meditate on hell, she answered, "Don´t."

Once she had her own convent, she could lead a life of peace, right? Wrong again. Teresa believed that the most powerful and acceptable prayer was that prayer that leads to action. Good effects were better than pious sensations that only make the person praying feel good.

At St. Joseph´s, she spent much of her time writing her Life. She wrote this book not for fun but because she was ordered to. Many people questioned her experiences and this book would clear her or condemn her. Because of this, she used a lot of camouflage in the book, following a profound thought with the statement, "But what do I know. I´m just a wretched woman." The Inquisition liked what they read and cleared her.

At 51, she felt it was time to spread her reform movement. She braved burning sun, ice and snow, thieves, and rat-infested inns to found more convents. But those obstacles were easy compared to what she face from her brothers and sisters in religious life. She was called "a restless disobedient gadabout who has gone about teaching as though she were a professor" by the papal nuncio. When her former convent voted her in as prioress, the leader of the Carmelite order excommunicated the nuns. A vicar general stationed an officer of the law outside the door to keep her out. The other religious orders opposed her wherever she went. She often had to enter a town secretly in the middle of the night to avoid causing a riot.

And the help they received was sometimes worse than the hostility. A princess ordered Teresa to found a convent and then showed up at the door with luggage and maids. When Teresa refused to order her nuns to wait on the princess on their knees, the princess denounced Teresa to the Inquisition.

In another town, they arrived at their new house in the middle of the night, only to wake up the next morning to find that one wall of the building was missing.

Why was everyone so upset? Teresa said, "Truly it seems that now there are no more of those considered mad for being true lovers of Christ." No one in religious orders or in the world wanted Teresa reminding them of the way God said they should live.

Teresa looked on these difficulties as good publicity. Soon she had postulants clamoring to get into her reform convents. Many people thought about what she said and wanted to learn about prayer from her. Soon her ideas about prayer swept not only through Spain but all of Europe.

In 1582, she was invited to found a convent by an Archbishop but when she arrived in the middle of the pouring rain, he ordered her to leave. "And the weather so delightful too" was Teresa´s comment. Though very ill, she was commanded to attend a noblewoman giving birth. By the time they got there, the baby had already arrived so, as Teresa said, "The saint won´t be needed after all." Too ill to leave, she died on October 4 at the age of 67.

She is the founder of the Discalced Carmelites. In 1970 she was declared a Doctor of the Church for her writing and teaching on prayer, one of two women to be honored in this way.

St. Teresa is the patron saint of Headache sufferers. Her symbol is a heart, an arrow, and a book. She was canonized in 1622.

To read more about other Saints of the day, CLICK HERE

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular