ciprofloxacin g6pd on sperms celebrex caps 100mg cialis purchase online singapore which company manufacture xenical in pakistan orlistat take gallbladder removed how much does cymbalta cost in illinois cheap indapamide eciwlcodkedefe will celebrex reduce leg swelling after hip replacement dutasteride erectile dysfunction is viagra useful optimum dose of prazosine in ckd purchase viagra by phone cinnamon metformin pcos prednisone facelift cloridrato de tamsulosina 0 4mg prednisone how long can take atarax muadil premarin cream cost cvs what does the ds in bactrim ds stand for diflucan not working my yeast infection levothyroxine and lethargy celebrex alternative drugs nolvadex dopo winstrol proscar vrouwen ubat apa tetracycline hci 250mg levitra coupons to make me last longer in bed medication dose for diflucan liquid doxycycline 7 day treatment obat untuk ckd ceftriaxon atau levofloxacin celecoxib australia tamsulosin plus saw palmetto pills that look like zithromax side effects of low blood pressure in elderly. benicar glimepiride dose webmd im 21 and what if how do i use viagra estrace cream after total hysterectomy valtrex hhv 6 necesita receta el misoprostol albuterol nebulizer indications free thyroxine low levels harga acyclovir zalf salep how long it takes for wellbutrin to take effect ssri dapoxetine australia what is the right dosage for lexapro finasteride tablets 1mg price in india does flagyl affect period purchase albuterol nebulizer prozac 75 mg strattera uk spc lamisil 1 sans ordonnance allergic to metformin meloxicam 7.5 mg generic allegra jarabe colombia metronidazolevaginal gel used for std danger cialis doxycycline corrosive is wellbutrin available over the counter how long should i take zovirax meloxicam 2 times a day can levofloxacin disturbs fertility priligy still made dosage of oral lamisil for ringworm treatment buy oral ivermectin for dogs online uk 3 eggs on clomid amoxicillin oral suspension ip for pets dosage flagyl for dogs dosis atenolol en perros amoxicillin 500mg uk price cost of flagyl in canada piroxicam generik tetracycline 500mg capsules side effects inderal 10 mg effectiveness patient assistance program abilify forms cyproheptadine appetite cat discussion of generic viagra meloxicam pill dosage for dogs finasteride effects when used together with androgel zyprexa 10 mg sleep johnson and johnson levaquin famciclovir herpesvirus gatto how successful is clomid and hcg can you take co terbinafine 250 mg with pms ciclofenec is valtrex.expensive prospect singulair pliculete buspirone get manfaat obat generik dexamethasone 0.5 mg stromectol baownbeuv without prescription cialis sachets prednisone christers 20 mg proscar bladder is it ok to take cipro while pregnant after rootcanal amoxicilline potasium vlavonate can use lexapro and klonopin side effects go away with time pano pag inom ng cytotec pregnant on clomid 50mg lamisil and headaches clomid fertility drug for women componente principal de la viagra what happpens when girls go on viagra metformin dizzy spells bula do ciprofloxacino 500 mg abilify nose bleeds can you take fluoxetine hcl 20 mg and adderall together take cymbalta and wellbutrin together periactin syrup appetite stimulant cheapest lamisil once seroquel and increased irritability buy kamagra online with paypal acyclovir shingles rash prednisone decreased appetite lexapro alto custo amiodarone 100mg premarin thyroxine can xenical get you high sertraline alcohol craving prednisone grapefruit seed extract tablet etizolam and propranolol hydrochloride isotretinoin cipla 20 for excessive oily skin bactrim and renal dysfunction amoxicillin side effects baby teeth should i take lisinopril 7.5 mg viagra local pharmacy in newburgh ny olanzapine 5 mg for sleep cytotec donde comprar en espa?a black paw luggage allegra can i physically cut lexapro in half buspirone grapefruit lamisil creme notice clomid pour ovulation tardive how does cialis work for pe 30 50 principen reviews of topamax for migraine coenzymeq10 and lisinopril atorvastatin psa zoloft 350 mg use cytotec a los cuantas horas se disuelve absorbe doxycycline and feeling tired can i take thyroxine in empty stomach during pregnancy zithromax 900 moduretic australia ceftriaxone with doxycycline allegra linea 14807 hansgrohe dexamethasone pregnancy category australia is bactrim ds or clindamycin better to treat a uti lvaltrex dose herpetic tonsillitis ciprofloxacina nombre farmacologico terbinafine hydrochloride tablets usp 250 mg can bactrim cause constipation find viagra no prescription uk alternative to cymbalta prednisone doseage chart for dogs naproxen hydrocodone 250mg misoprostol to abort pregnancy propecia buy cheap atarax y otros medicamentos using clomid to help get pregnant augmentin antibiotico farmaco australiano allopurinol labs wellbutrin 100mg diovan 160 mg price in india nexium 40 mg capsules price in rupees nigerian price for misoprostol tablets doxycycline bij mrsa 2cialis levitra sales viagra can delay ejaculation by viagra thyroxine 0.3 mg increasing effectiveness of viagra metronidazole furazolidone tablets and treatment viagra pill cuters are amoxicillin and metronidazole the same too much levothyroxine anxiety can fluconazole 150 cause bleeding zoloft during ivf xopenex vs albuterol price metformin side effects abdominal pain kamagra 100mg nebenwirkung can augmentin 625 mg cause drowsiness citalopram 20 mg ketoconazole esomeprazole do i take clomid on day 3 or 5 azithromycin for sale canada clomid with blue packaging how long clopidogrel teva after pci flagyl si perdoret medicare coverage for viagra brand name doxycycline in germany can erythromycin interfere with lansoprazole can i take beechams with amoxicillin 875 mg amoxicillin a cosa serve la pillola cialis focalin and allegra por tercera vez hace efecto el cytotec aborto lasix from uk to buy dosis del levofloxacino can you buy fluoxetine over the counter in uk what does zofran look like wafer stopping olanzapine weight loss ivermectin pyrantel generic no prescription topamax intracranial pressure after taking metronidazole what to do when levitra stops working doxycycline hyclate and antihistamines what can i take as a otc viagra is effexor the same as lexapro is zoloft harmful kandungan clozaril 25 mg effects of mixing wellbutrin with alcohol viagra als geschenk yahoo propecia seroquel complex ptsd cephalexin dosage days i took 45 mg of meloxicam azithromycin and diarrhea aciclovir 800 1a pharma 35 st can i take tylenol while taking propranolol can you get high off lisinopril 20 mg misoprostol tablet 200 mg price in sri lanka buy periactin online canada flagyl forte metronidazol lexapro oxcarbazepine buy priligy online canada topiramate company can you take maxalt and aleve low cost cialis generic forgot to take lexapro for two days tryptizol vs cipralex for depression yahoo questions cialis online can you buy doxycycline over the counter in canada valacyclovir 1000 mg tablets bipolar antidepressant cialis 20mg vs viagra 100mg which works best viagra cialis levitra bupropion sleep fluconazole syrop apteka buy nexium canada pharmacy can one take caverject and cialis at the same time why does metformin smell is prednisone a bronchodilator zofran dosage for nausea and vomiting laboratorio zyvox how much viagra to you take to work can you take viagra and lisinopril together complications of baclofen withdrawal fluconazole nail paint what is the zithromax classification do they sell cialis in mexico cialis professional shop oral dosage of misoprostol would you take finateride and flomax together amoxicillin 850 mg for sinus infection amoxicillin over the counter england do bactrim treat an std how long to take cialis to work viagra with fouck tadalafil livraison rapide buy female viagra online uk paypal what does 1 mo. supply lisinopril cost without ins. cialis over the counter next day normal estradiol day 3 value metronidazole vs metronidazole benzoate carry sildenafil tablet in hand bag to itly ny med maxalt mlt baclofen for contractures sildenafilvardenafil etc user instructions for spray terbinafine is the phenergan cream stronger than the pill form is nizoral shampoo available over the counter topamax elevated creatinine when to take augmentin inderal extended release out of date levitra cialis in c v s cialis a acheter acyclovir for hpv metronidazole helps to cure whast in dogs could you take cialis and drink red bull with cialis what if i take 200 mg of viagra paxil 25 mg side effects zoloft vs effexor withdrawal septra coumadin ketoconazole clobetasol propionate cream buy cheapest viagra for sale las vegas xenical in abu dhabi will one dose of zithromax cure chlamydia ivermectina al 1 dosis en perros synthroid dosage effects when hiccups would stop after taking baclofen levothyroxine adverse drug reactions generic furosemide 40 mg sildenafil presentaciones orlistat seroquel cialis 20 mg 30 tablets kamagra skopje fever pcos clomid singulair cheap cipro chlamydia dosage flagyl for c diff iv why plavix and aspirin combination dose for doxycycline for chlamydia seroquel difficulty waking up will diflucan help external yeast infection how many days after using provera can i drink clomid can paxil cause leg pain market name for orlistat 120 inderal side effects chest pain is generic viagra real levitra prix discount cialis daily does..can you take 2 in one day is cipro better than z pack for ear infection paxil withdrawal signs what is baclofen medicine used for cipro kill e coli can propecia kill sperm skin sensitivity from prednisone cialis 5 mg eczane stores that sell viagra in australia paxil vs prozac panic disorder flomax amiodarone lamisil 1 o silka medic zyprexa 10 mg injection major side effects of doxycycline xenical ne ise yarar singulair 10 mg te da hambre tamoxifen 10 years dcis where to buy amoxicillin online natural alternatives to phenergan formulation and evaluation of amoxicillin trihydrate lasix tablet used propranolol hydrochloride tablets 40mg wellbutrin sr brand name vs generic diet doctor who prescribes wellbutrin in delaware how will paxil make me feel zofran zydis wafers ondansetron prednisone dosage thyroxine withdrawal symptoms get normal metformine ilaci lamisil gel cijena lisinopril aspirin interaction can i use viagra with wxtenze topiramate robaxin ativan normal urine output on lasix physical side effects sertraline viagra side effects in men head usual dosage of metoprolol side effect of celecoxib fluconazole dosing for cats ciprodex otic drops side effects cymbalta free 7 day trial augmentin zithromax comparison hematospermia dutasteride ar scientific bactrim buy nexium does flomax cause premature ejaculation stop diarrhea dogs withdrawal prednisone how does viagra work premature ejaculation buy levitra from china viagra online fraud viagra does to you dick viagra thats yellow

St. Jerome

September 30
by Catholic Encyclopedia | Source: New Advent

Born at Stridon, a town on the confines of Dalmatia and Pannonia, about the year 340-2; died at Bethlehem, 30 September, 420.

He went to Rome, probably about 360, where he was baptized, and became interested in ecclesiastical matters. From Rome he went to Trier, famous for its schools, and there began his theological studies. Later he went to Aquileia, and towards 373 he set out on a journey to the East. He settled first in Antioch, where he heard Apollinaris of Laodicea, one of the first exegetes of that time and not yet separated from the Church. From 374-9 Jerome led an ascetical life in the desert of Chalcis, south-west of Antioch. Ordained priest at Antioch, he went to Constantinople (380-81), where a friendship sprang up between him and St. Gregory of Nazianzus. From 382 to August 385 he made another sojourn in Rome, not far from Pope Damasus. When the latter died (11 December, 384) his position became a very difficult one. His harsh criticisms had made him bitter enemies, who tried to ruin him. After a few months he was compelled to leave Rome. By way of Antioch and Alexandria he reached Bethlehem, in 386. He settled there in a monastery near a convent founded by two Roman ladies, Paula and Eustochium, who followed him to Palestine. Henceforth he led a life of asceticism and study; but even then he was troubled by controversies which will be mentioned later, one with Rufinus and the other with the Pelagians.


The literary activity of St. Jerome, although very prolific, may be summed up under a few principal heads: works on the Bible; theological controversies; historical works; various letters; translations. But perhaps the chronology of his more important writings will enable us to follow more easily the development of his studies.

A first period extends to his sojourn in Rome (382), a period of preparation. From this period we have the translation of the homilies of Origen on Jeremias, Ezechiel, and Isaias (379-81), and about the same time the translation of the Chronicle of Eusebius; then the "Vita S. Pauli, prima eremitae" (374-379).

A second period extends from his sojourn in Rome to the beginning of the translation of the Old Testament from the Hebrew (382-390). During this period the exegetical vocation of St. Jerome asserted itself under the influence of Pope Damasus, and took definite shape when the opposition of the ecclesiastics of Rome compelled the caustic Dalmatian to renounce ecclesiastical advancement and retire to Bethlehem. In 384 we have the correction of the Latin version of the Four Gospels; in 385, the Epistles of St. Paul; in 384, a first revision of the Latin Psalms according to the accepted text of the Septuagint (Roman Psalter); in 384, the revision of the Latin version of the Book of Job, after the accepted version of the Septuagint; between 386 and 391 a second revision of the Latin Psalter, this time according to the text of the "Hexapla" of Origen (Gallican Psalter, embodied in the Vulgate). It is doubtful whether he revised the entire version of the Old Testament according to the Greek of the Septuagint. In 382-383 "Altercatio Luciferiani et Orthodoxi" and "De perpetua Virginitate B. Mariae; adversus Helvidium". In 387-388, commentaries on the Epistles to Philemon, to the Galatians, to the Ephesians, to Titus; and in 389-390, on Ecclesiastes.

Between 390 and 405, St. Jerome gave all his attention to the translation of the Old Testament according to the Hebrew, but this work alternated with many others. Between 390-394 he translated the Books of Samuel and of Kings, Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Canticle of Canticles, Esdras, and Paralipomena. In 390 he translated the treatise "De Spiritu Sancto" of Didymus of Alexandria; in 389-90, he drew up his "Quaestiones hebraicae in Genesim" and "De interpretatione nominum hebraicorum." In 391-92 he wrote the "Vita S. Hilarionis", the "Vita Malchi, monachi captivi", and commentaries on Nahum, Micheas, Sophonias, Aggeus, Habacuc. In 392-93, "De viris illustribus", and "Adversus Jovinianum"; in 395, commentaries on Jonas and Abdias; in 398, revision of the remainder of the Latin version of the New Testament, and about that time commentaries on chapters 13-23 of Isaias; in 398, an unfinished work "Contra Joannem Hierosolymitanum"; in 401, "Apologeticum adversus Rufinum"; between 403-406, "Contra Vigilantium"; finally from 398 to 405, completion of the version of the Old Testament according to the Hebrew.

In the last period of his life, from 405 to 420, St. Jerome took up the series of his commentaries interrupted for seven years. In 406, he commented on Osee, Joel, Amos, Zacharias, Malachias; in 408, on Daniel; from 408 to 410, on the remainder of Isaias; from 410 to 415, on Ezechiel; from 415-420, on Jeremias. From 401 to 410 date what is left of his sermons; treatises on St. Mark, homilies on the Psalms, on various subjects, and on the Gospels; in 415, "Dialogi contra Pelagianos".

Characteristics of St. Jerome's work

St. Jerome owes his place in the history of exegetical studies chiefly to his revisions and translations of the Bible. Until about 391-2, he considered the Septuagint translation as inspired. But the progress of his Hebraistic studies and his intercourse with the rabbis made him give up that idea, and he recognized as inspired the original text only. It was about this period that he undertook the translation of the Old Testament from the Hebrew. But he went too far in his reaction against the ideas of his time, and is open to reproach for not having sufficiently appreciated the Septuagint. This latter version was made from a much older, and at times much purer, Hebrew text than the one in use at the end of the fourth century. Hence the necessity of taking the Septuagint into consideration in any attempt to restore the text of the Old Testament. With this exception we must admit the excellence of the translation made by St. Jerome.

His commentaries represent a vast amount of work but of very unequal value. Very often he worked exceedingly rapidly; besides, he considered a commentary a work of compilation, and his chief care was to accumulate the interpretations of his predecessors, rather than to pass judgment on them. The "Quaestiones hebraicae in Genesim" is one of his best works. It is a philological inquiry concerning the original text. It is to be regretted that he was unable to continue, as had been his intention, a style of work entirely new at the time. Although he often asserted his desire to avoid excessive allegory, his efforts in that respect were far from successful, and in later years he was ashamed of some of his earlier allegorical explanations. He himself says that he had recourse to the allegorical meaning only when unable to discover the literal meaning. His treatise, "De Interpretatione nominum hebraicorum", is but a collection of mystical and symbolical meanings.

Excepting the "Commentarius in ep. ad Galatas", which is one of his best, his explanations of the New Testament have no great value. Among his commentaries on the Old Testament must be mentioned those on Amos, Isaias, and Jeremias. There are some that are frankly bad, for instance those on Zacharias, Osee, and Joel.

To sum up, the Biblical knowledge of St. Jerome makes him rank first among ancient exegetes. In the first place, he was very careful as to the sources of his information. He required of the exegete a very extensive knowledge of sacred and profane history, and also of the linguistics and geography of Palestine. He never either categorically acknowledged or rejected the deuterocanonical books as part of the Canon of Scripture, and he repeatedly made use of them. On the inspiration, the existence of a spiritual meaning, and the freedom of the Bible from error, he holds the traditional doctrine. Possibly he has insisted more than others on the share which belongs to the sacred writer in his collaboration in the inspired work. His criticism is not without originality. The controversy with the Jews and with the Pagans had long since called the attention of the Christians to certain difficulties in the Bible. St. Jerome answers in various ways. Not to mention his answers to this or that difficulty, he appeals above all to the principle, that the original text of the Scriptures is the only one inspired and free from error. Therefore one must determine if the text, in which the difficulties arise, has not been altered by the copyist. Moreover, when the writers of the New Testament quoted the Old Testament, they did so not according to the letter but according to the spirit. There are many subtleties and even contradictions in the explanations Jerome offers, but we must bear in mind his evident sincerity. He does not try to cloak over his ignorance; he admits that there are many difficulties in the Bible; at times he seems quite embarrassed. Finally, he proclaims a principle, which, if recognized as legitimate, might serve to adjust the insufficiencies of his criticism. He asserts that in the Bible there is no material error due to the ignorance or the heedlessness of the sacred writer, but he adds: "It is usual for the sacred historian to conform himself to the generally accepted opinion of the masses in his time" (P.L., XXVI, 98; XXIV, 855).

Among the historical works of St. Jerome must be noted the translation and the continuation of the "Chronicon Eusebii Caesariensis", as the continuation written by him, which extends from 325 to 378, served as a model for the annals of the chroniclers of the Middle Ages; hence the defects in such works: dryness, superabundance of data of every description, lack of proportion and of historical sense. The "Vita S. Pauli Eremitae" is not a very reliable document. The "Vita Malchi, monachi" is a eulogy of chastity woven through a number of legendary episodes. As to the "Vita S. Hilarionis", it has suffered from contact with the preceding ones. It has been asserted that the journeys of St. Hilarion are a plagiarism of some old tales of travel. But these objections are altogether misplaced, as it is really a reliable work. The treatise "De Viris illustribus" is a very excellent literary history. It was written as an apologetic work to prove that the Church had produced learned men. For the first three centuries Jerome depends to a great extent on Eusebius, whose statements he borrows, often distorting them, owing to the rapidity with which he worked. His accounts of the authors of the fourth century however are of great value.

The oratorical consist of about one hundred homilies or short treatises, and in these the Solitary of Bethlehem appears in a new light. He is a monk addressing monks, not without making very obvious allusions to contemporary events. The orator is lengthy and apologizes for it. He displays a wonderful knowledge of the versions and contents of the Bible. His allegory is excessive at times, and his teaching on grace is Semipelagian. A censorious spirit against authority, sympathy for the poor which reaches the point of hostility against the rich, lack of good taste, inferiority of style, and misquotation, such are the most glaring defects of these sermons. Evidently they are notes taken down by his hearers, and it is a question whether they were reviewed by the preacher.

The correspondence of St. Jerome is one of the best known parts of his literary output. It comprises about one hundred and twenty letters from him, and several from his correspondents. Many of these letters were written with a view to publication, and some of them the author even edited himself; hence they show evidence of great care and skill in their composition, and in them St. Jerome reveals himself a master of style. These letters, which had already met with great success with his contemporaries, have been, with the "Confessions" of St. Augustine, one of the works most appreciated by the humanists of the Renaissance. Aside from their literary interest they have great historical value. Relating to a period covering half a century they touch upon most varied subjects; hence their division into letters dealing with theology, polemics, criticism, conduct, and biography. In spite of their turgid diction they are full of the man's personality. It is in this correspondence that the temperament of St. Jerome is most clearly seen: his waywardness, his love of extremes, his exceeding sensitiveness; how he was in turn exquisitely dainty and bitterly satirical, unsparingly outspoken concerning others and equally frank about himself.

The theological writings of St. Jerome are mainly controversial works, one might almost say composed for the occasion. He missed being a theologian, by not applying himself in a consecutive and personal manner to doctrinal questions. In his controversies he was simply the interpreter of the accepted ecclesiastical doctrine. Compared with St. Augustine his inferiority in breadth and originality of view is most evident.

His "Dialogue" against the Luciferians deals with a schismatic sect whose founder was Lucifer, Bishop of Cagliari in Sardinia. The Luciferians refused to approve of the measure of clemency by which the Church, since the Council of Alexandria, in 362, had allowed bishops, who had adhered to Arianism, to continue to discharge their duties on condition of professing the Nicene Creed. This rigorist sect had adherents almost everywhere, and even in Rome it was very troublesome. Against it Jerome wrote his "Dialogue", scathing in sarcasm, but not always accurate in doctrine, particularly as to the Sacrament of Confirmation.

The book "Adversus Helvidium" belongs to about the same period. Helvidius held the two following tenets:

    Mary bore children to Joseph after the virginal birth of Jesus Christ;
    from a religious viewpoint, the married state is not inferior to celibacy.

Earnest entreaty decided Jerome to answer. In doing so he discusses the various texts of the Gospel which, it was claimed, contained the objections to the perpetual virginity of Mary. If he did not find positive answers on all points, his work, nevertheless, holds a very creditable place in the history of Catholic exegesis upon these questions.

The relative dignity of virginity and marriage, discussed in the book against Helvidius, was taken up again in the book "Adversus Jovinianum" written about ten years later. Jerome recognizes the legitimacy of marriage, but he uses concerning it certain disparaging expressions which were criticized by contemporaries and for which he has given no satisfactory explanation. Jovinian was more dangerous than Helvidius. Although he did not exactly teach salvation by faith alone, and the uselessness of good works, he made far too easy the road to salvation and slighted a life of asceticism. Every one of these points St. Jerome took up.

The "Apologeticum adversus Rufinum" dealt with the Origenistic controversies. St. Jerome was involved in one of the most violent episodes of that struggle, which agitated the Church from Origen's lifetime until the Fifth Ecumenical Council (553). The question at issue was to determine if certain doctrines professed by Origen and others taught by certain pagan followers of Origen could be accepted. In the present case the doctrinal difficulties were embittered by personalities between St. Jerome and his former friend, Rufinus. To understand St. Jerome's position we must remember that the works of Origen were by far the most complete exegetical collection then in existence, and the one most accessible to students. Hence a very natural tendency to make use of them, and it is evident that St. Jerome did so, as well as many others. But we must carefully distinguish between writers who made use of Origen and those who adhered to his doctrines. This distinction is particularly necessary with St. Jerome, whose method of work was very rapid, and consisted in transcribing the interpretations of former exegetes without passing criticism on them. Nevertheless, it is certain that St. Jerome greatly praised and made use of Origen, that he even transcribed some erroneous passages without due reservation. But it is also evident that he never adhered thinkingly and systematically to the Origenistic doctrines.

Under these circumstances it came about that when Rufinus, who was a genuine Origenist, called on him to justify his use of Origen, the explanations he gave were not free from embarrassment. At this distance of time it would require a very subtle and detailed study of the question to decide the real basis of the quarrel. However that may be, Jerome may be accused of imprudence of language and blamed for a too hasty method of work. With a temperament such as his, and confident of his undoubted orthodoxy in the matter of Origenism, he must naturally have been tempted to justify anything. This brought about a most bitter controversy with his wily adversary, Rufinus. But on the whole Jerome's position is by far the stronger of the two, even in the eyes of his contemporaries. It is generally conceded that in this controversy Rufinus was to blame. It was he who brought about the conflict in which he proved himself to be narrow-minded, perplexed, ambitious, even timorous. St. Jerome, whose attitude is not always above reproach, is far superior to him.

Vigilantius, the Gascon priest against whom Jerome wrote a treatise, quarrelled with ecclesiastical usages rather than matters of doctrine. What he principally rejected was the monastic life and the veneration of saints and of relics.

In short, Helvidius, Jovinian, and Vigilantius were the mouthpieces of a reaction against asceticism which had developed so largely in the fourth century. Perhaps the influence of that same reaction is to be seen in the doctrine of the monk Pelagius, who gave his name to the principal heresy on grace: Pelagianism. On this subject Jerome wrote his "Dialogi contra Pelagianos". Accurate as to the doctrine of original sin, the author is much less so when he determines the part of God and of man in the act of justification. In the main his ideas are Semipelagian: man merits first grace: a formula which endangers the absolute freedom of the gift of grace.

The book "De situ et nominibus locorum hebraicorum" is a translation of the "Onomasticon" of Eusebius, to which the translator has joined additions and corrections. The translations of the "Homilies" of Origen vary in character according to the time in which they were written. As time went on, Jerome became more expert in the art of translating, and he outgrew the tendency to palliate, as he came across them, certain errors of Origen. We must make special mention of the translation of the homilies "In Canticum Canticorum", the Greek original of which has been lost.

St. Jerome's complete works can be found in P.L., XXII-XXX.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular