Saint Matthew 15:21-28.
Book of Numbers 13:1-2.25-33.14:1.26-29.34-35.
The LORD said to Moses,
"Send men to reconnoiter the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites. You shall send one man from each ancestral tribe, all of them princes."
After reconnoitering the land for forty days they returned,
met Moses and Aaron and the whole community of the Israelites in the desert of Paran at Kadesh, made a report to them all, and showed them the fruit of the country.
They told Moses: "We went into the land to which you sent us. It does indeed flow with milk and honey, and here is its fruit.
However, the people who are living in the land are fierce, and the towns are fortified and very strong. Besides, we saw descendants of the Anakim there.
Amalekites live in the region of the Negeb; Hittites, Jebusites and Amorites dwell in the highlands, and Canaanites along the seacoast and the banks of the Jordan."
Caleb, however, to quiet the people toward Moses, said, "We ought to go up and seize the land, for we can certainly do so."
But the men who had gone up with him said, "We cannot attack these people; they are too strong for us."
So they spread discouraging reports among the Israelites about the land they had scouted, saying, "The land that we explored is a country that consumes its inhabitants. And all the people we saw there are huge men,
veritable giants (the Anakim were a race of giants); we felt like mere grasshoppers, and so we must have seemed to them."
At this, the whole community broke out with loud cries, and even in the night the people wailed.
The LORD also said to Moses and Aaron:
"How long will this wicked community grumble against me? I have heard the grumblings of the Israelites against me.
Tell them: By my life, says the LORD, I will do to you just what I have heard you say.
Here in the desert shall your dead bodies fall. Of all your men of twenty years or more, registered in the census, who grumbled against me,
Forty days you spent in scouting the land; forty years shall you suffer for your crimes: one year for each day. Thus you will realize what it means to oppose me.
I, the LORD, have sworn to do this to all this wicked community that conspired against me: here in the desert they shall die to the last man."Psalms 106(105):6-7a.13-14.21-22.23.
We have sinned like our ancestors; we have done wrong and are guilty.
Our ancestors in Egypt did not attend to your wonders. They did not remember your great love; they defied the Most High at the Red Sea.
But they soon forgot all he had done; they had no patience for his plan.
In the desert they gave way to their cravings, tempted God in the wasteland.
They forgot the God who saved them, who did great deeds in Egypt,
Amazing deeds in the land of Ham, fearsome deeds at the Red Sea.
He would have decreed their destruction, had not Moses, the chosen leader, Withstood him in the breach to turn back his destroying anger.Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint Matthew 15:21-28.
Then Jesus went from that place and withdrew to the region of Tyre and Sidon.
And behold, a Canaanite woman of that district came and called out, "Have pity on me, Lord, Son of David! My daughter is tormented by a demon."
But he did not say a word in answer to her. His disciples came and asked him, "Send her away, for she keeps calling out after us."
He said in reply, "I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel."
But the woman came and did him homage, saying, "Lord, help me."
He said in reply, "It is not right to take the food of the children and throw it to the dogs."
She said, "Please, Lord, for even the dogs eat the scraps that fall from the table of their masters."
Then Jesus said to her in reply, "O woman, great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish." And her daughter was healed from that hour.Commentary of the day
Saint John Chrysostom (c.345-407), priest at Antioch then Bishop of Constantinople, Doctor of the Church
Homily 52, 1-3 on Matthew
The greatness of assiduity in prayer
When one might have expected she would depart in utter despair, at that
very moment the Canaanite woman drew nearer and worshiped, saying,
"Lord, help me!"... What is this, O woman? Did you not hear him saying,
"I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel"? "I heard,"
she says, "but he is the Lord himself."...
This was Christ's intent in putting her off, for he knew she would
say this; this is the reason he denied her wish, that she might exhibit
her deep faith... So his words were not spoken in insult, but to call
forth and reveal the treasure laid up within her.
But I ask you: together with her faith, see also her humility. For
he had called the Jews "children," but she was not satisfied with this,
but called them "masters;" so far was she from grieving at the praises
of others. "The dogs also," says she, "eat the scraps that fall from the
table of their masters."... And for this she became a child. What then
says Christ? "O woman, great is your faith." This is the reason he
forestalled her, that he might praise her faith aloud, that he might
crown this woman by saying "Let it be done for you as you wish."... Do
you see how this woman contributed not a little to the healing of her
daughter? For Christ did not say, "Let your little daughter be healed,"
but, "Great is your faith! Let it be done for you as you wish."... Mark
how, where the apostles had failed and had not gained anything, this
woman had success. So great a thing is perseverance in prayer.