Saint Matthew 12:38-42.
Book of Exodus 14:5-18.
it was reported to the king of Egypt that the people had fled, Pharaoh
and his servants changed their minds about them. "What have we done!"
they exclaimed. "Why, we have released Israel from our service!"
So Pharaoh made his chariots ready and mustered his soldiers--
six hundred first-class chariots and all the other chariots of Egypt, with warriors on them all.
So obstinate had the LORD made Pharaoh that he pursued the Israelites even while they were marching away in triumph.
Egyptians, then, pursued them; Pharaoh's whole army, his horses,
chariots and charioteers, caught up with them as they lay encamped by
the sea, at Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon.
already near when the Israelites looked up and saw that the Egyptians
were on the march in pursuit of them. In great fright they cried out to
And they complained to Moses, "Were there no burial places
in Egypt that you had to bring us out here to die in the desert? Why
did you do this to us? Why did you bring us out of Egypt?
Did we not
tell you this in Egypt, when we said, 'Leave us alone. Let us serve the
Egyptians'? Far better for us to be the slaves of the Egyptians than to
die in the desert."
But Moses answered the people, "Fear not! Stand
your ground, and you will see the victory the LORD will win for you
today. These Egyptians whom you see today you will never see again.
The LORD himself will fight for you; you have only to keep still."
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Why are you crying out to me? Tell the Israelites to go forward.
you, lift up your staff and, with hand outstretched over the sea, split
the sea in two, that the Israelites may pass through it on dry land.
I will make the Egyptians so obstinate that they will go in after them.
Then I will receive glory through Pharaoh and all his army, his
chariots and charioteers.
The Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I receive glory through Pharaoh and his chariots and charioteers."
Book of Exodus 15:1-2.3-4.5-6.
Moses and the Israelites sang this song to the LORD: I will sing to the
LORD, for he is gloriously triumphant; horse and chariot he has cast
into the sea.
My strength and my courage is the LORD, and he has
been my savior. He is my God, I praise him; the God of my father, I
The LORD is a warrior, LORD is his name!
Pharaoh's chariots and army he hurled into the sea; the elite of his officers were submerged in the Red Sea.
The flood waters covered them, they sank into the depths like a stone.
Your right hand, O LORD, magnificent in power, your right hand, O LORD, has shattered the enemy.
Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint Matthew 12:38-42.
Then some of the scribes and Pharisees said to him, "Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you."
said to them in reply, "An evil and unfaithful generation seeks a sign,
but no sign will be given it except the sign of Jonah the prophet.
as Jonah was in the belly of the whale three days and three nights, so
will the Son of Man be in the heart of the earth three days and three
At the judgment, the men of Nineveh will arise with this
generation and condemn it, because they repented at the preaching of
Jonah; and there is something greater than Jonah here.
judgment the queen of the south will arise with this generation and
condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the
wisdom of Solomon; and there is something greater than Solomon here. Commentary of the day
Rupert of Deutz (c.1075-1130), Benedictine monk
On the Trinity and all its works, 42, 4 ; PL 167, 1130
"There is something greater than Solomon here"
Having joined in collusion with her, the prophet Nathan, together with
Bathsheba, petitioned for their plan before the old man, the wise king
David, now close to death (1Kgs 1). Then it was that Solomon, whose name
means «Lord of peace», received the royal anointing. Then all the
people went up after him; the crowd played on trumpets and gave itself
up to such great rejoicing that the noise of it caused the earth to
shake, for the king had declared: «Solomon is the one whom I designate
as ruler over Israel and Judah» (vv. 35.40). Now, without question, this
enthronement prefigured the mystery of which Daniel speaks: «While the
court was convened and the books were opened... I saw one like a son of
man coming on the clouds of heaven. When he reached the Ancient One and
was presented before him, he received dominion, glory and kingship» (Dn
Thus it was at a prophet's initiative that Solomon
was made king, just as it was in fulfilling the prophecies according to
their spiritual sense that Christ, the Son of God, was acknowledged King
of Peace, King of the Father's glory, drawing all things to himself.
Solomon became king while his father was still alive just as Christ was
inaugurated king by God the Father, who cannot die. Indeed, there is no
doubt that he made him king and «heir of all things» (Heb 1,2) who does
not die and will not die for ever, and – marvellous and unprecedented
event – Christ, who is heir of a Father who lives for ever and can never
die and who himself died once for all, came back to life and will no
longer know death for ever.
Then Solomon «mounted the king's
mule» (1Kgs 1,38). But better still, it is on his Father's throne, that
is to say the whole Church..., «far above every principality, authority,
power and dominion» (Eph 1,21) that Christ now sits «at the right hand
of the Majesty on high» (Heb 1,3). This is why the great multitude of
people goes up after him with songs and rejoicing and the earth trembles
at their shouts. And we, too, have heard the great joy of those who
made this glory known, that is to say the gladness of the apostles as
they spoke in the languages of people everywhere (Acts 2), for «their
words have gone out through all the earth and their message to the ends
of the world» (Ps 19,5).