how much clomid cost in philippines money celexa medicinenet is a 60mg cialis safe to take manfaat obat flagyl why gain weight on zoloft xenical laboratorio chile how much a box of propecia in singapore amoxicillin and toothache biaya cipro quantum can you use amoxicillin for a skin infection dermatographism fluoxetine zamena za anafranil quetiapine xl bnf tetracycline for fish same as for humans risk of using viagra can i take dong quai and clomid misoprostol online purchase india clomid men cost prilosec nexium weight gain estrace pill pros and cons why does doxcline antibiotic make heart race nizoral facial use for cystic acne cialis dosage everyday atorvastatin and myalgia amoxicillin tramadol together glucophage hypoglycemia augmentin costo confezione price of amoxil capsule 500 mg in pakista at hapens when a man is on viagra augmentin autism dose ciprofloxacin 500 mg iv treatment leptospirosis arkamin vs propranolol can cyproheptadine 2 mg get you high tout sur atarax co25mg bupropion baownbeuv online cialis dosage men over 70 nizoral 1 shampoo walgreens prescription testosterone cream plus cialis tamoxifeno trastorno bipolar ubat accutane harga el misoprostol farmacia similares guatemala limited use ciprofloxacin cipro clima a ottobre esomeprazole stada tapering off prednisone effects can take amoxicillin after zpack order discount viagra walmart finasteride 1mg generic drug name for zofran zoloft weight loss side effects para que es el lisinopril 20 mg wellbutrin xr koncentracja doxycycline hyclate and aspirin how long do the side effects of levofloxacin last quando la isotretinoina non funziona long term use lisinopril side effects should prednisone be tapered off metronidazole benzoate stability studies research cutting clonidine patch half 0.2 136 can you cut muscle relaxers while on viagra acyclovir yellow urine zovirax shingles treatment topamax uk migraine succinato de metoprolol nombre comercial cymbalta extrasystoles prednisone 20 mg side effects high tsh lower synthroid can cialis made in england be split in half antibiotics for mouth infection over the counter metoprolol succinate er fatigue temperature a cipro a gennaio contraindications to metronidazole and septra zoloft initial weight loss pillekes voor spiraal cytotec tadalafil 2.5 mg in india im taking 8mg of coumadin accutane dry skin rash dose of prednisone for ms nexium prospect anm misoprostol 1 hpmc dispersion msds purity solutions clomiphene review paxil minimum effective dose aciclovir administrare copii flagyl 500 mg one dose cipla antibiotics india symptoms after intake of metformin 1700mg in a day cuanta razon viagra is lisinopril hctz a calcium channel blocker levothyroxine and allergy medication cytotec 9 semanas lexapro online safe singulair recepta amoxicillin side effects on babies tamoxifen bisphosphonate ovulation on day 24 with clomid el medico me mando cialis de 25 mg where to buy voltaren cream in san francisco dnager of taking extenze with viagra cheapest prices for viagra online available dosages for zoloft propecia och akne erythromycin 0 8 valtrex fever blister dosage zofran and cyclic vomiting syndrome short term side effects of prednisone ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg cause hemorrhoids buy cheap amaryllis amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate tablets 1g dose nieuws costa allegra cialis daily isnt working what happens if you take ten clomid tablets in month warfarin 2 doxycycline 50mg obat apa can you take penicillin and metronidazole zovirax 250 mg tab cheapest viagra online to uk montelukast sodium vs salbutamol sildenafil citrate tablets fiyati most effective dose cialis bula do synthroid 88 lipitor vs simvastatin side effect ketoconazole cream cost without insurance purchase cialis in china buy doxycycline over the counter uk 25mg quetiapine too strng amoxicillin brand price philippines can i buy zithromax at cvs pharmacy which works better propecia or avodart ciprofloxacin and birth control pill cialis water cialis works over several days how to smoke buspirone do metformin er tabs dissolve when taking. is it bad to take valtrex every day edecrin vs lasix does lasix cause thirst v herbal viagra from gas station prednisone dosage time rash allopurinol medicastore cialis at cvc amoxicillin treponema pallidum ivermectina kg does alcohol affect propranolol nizoral shampoo cost in india dexamethasone o. 5 mg is cialis from hong kong real fluconazole and adderall viagra paypal only 48 prednisone taper schedule paxil 90 mg aldactone tuylenme tamoxifen opisanie flagyl 400 mg tablets for acne will citrulline make cialis work better 10mg cialis price difference harga salep zovirax acyclovir clopidogrel slow metabolizers plavix tablete za srce viagra is a vasodilator quetiapine and hallucinations does abilify help with impulse control viagra from boots viagra makes your terbinafine mylan en de pil clonidine hydrochloride price doxepin online bestellen augmentin 500mg can i take 1g amoxicillin rash can prednisone cause hematuria in dogs woran erkennt man viagra can you take metronidazole and azithromycin together how long does it take doxycycline hyc lovegra kamagra sklep ciprofloxacino cinfa 500 mg para sirve lipitor generic at cvs adalat xl 3 cuanto cuesta el priligy kjope nolvadex will cialis affect sperm immediately does doxycycline change urine color fire 100 sildenafil citrate levitra 23 anos nizoral price in price zithromax powd for inj 500 mg azithromycin 250 mg eye problems zoloft hot flashes side effect the original online viagra tamoxifen citrate and tamoxifen generic norvasc appearance what illness does ciprofloxacin treat 75 mg zoloft witjdrawal frim isoptin how to make natural viagra hindi ma nexium dosage stomach ulcer flagyl 500 mg er canadian drugs topamax top 25 can you get high renal dose of bactrim famvir cream depo provera componentes wellbutrin and heat sensitivity trazodone nederlands olanzapine research viagra for women in johor buy keflex antibiotics lawsuits against eli lily and cymbalta tetracycline indicatii voltaren resinat 40 mg bactrim dla dzieci bez recepty typical dose flomax 1200 mg neurontin daily viagra while taking warfaran order cialis canada lioresal fachinfo metronidazole dosage for toothache can you take metronidazole 0.75 twise in a day linezolid posology best place to buy priligy online how to use cytotec alone to abort fluoxetine no prescription uk levitra assistance peak onset of zoloft take naproxen without food augmentin stop early buy depo provera injection in india kamagra soft chews reviews lamisil liver monitoring can you lose weight while on zyprexa does viagra make u harder than cialis whats the street value for 15mg meloxicam atorvastatin capsules avodart pour cheveux furosemide and congestive heart failure dosis cytotec untuk induksi persalinan xeloda for stage 3 colon cancer citalopram price without insurance prednisone side effects dry eye walmart nexium 40 mg prices neurontin nerve pain multiple sclerosis para que sirve gabapentin 100mg is bactrim forte used to treat gonorrhea allergic reaction to amoxicillin icd 9 does strattera have maoi zovirax cream price comprar levitra generica en espa?a can i mix ibuprofen and allegra what happens if i take 3 duloxetine 60 mg generic synthroid online metformin dosage khasiat which patent have augmentin 675 mg do you need a prescription for tadalafil paroxetine take 10 twice a day what does it do can you take a multivitamin with lisinopril contraindications for lisinopril augmentin injection 1.2 rate in india side effects synthroid 25mcg delaware breathalizer and proventil cyclobenzaprine and quetiapine gabapentin equine tetracycline 500 mg twice daily for cough purposely using clomid citrate to get twins buy cheap premarin online generic tadalafil 10mg cum se da singulair plavix crushed cialis 25 once day emospermia lasix 100 kiek kainuoja cialis kamagras to buy online in uk can amoxicillin cause jock itch prednisone and enalapril sertraline 50 mg is this medicine safe in pregnancy metronidazole and rephresh proscar in women tratamento sarna demodecica ivermectina side effects of stopping abilify effets secondaires celebrex how to have anti depresents for the weather cheats diet and weight loss pill augmentin plus 650 uses cialis 20 mg pvp ferienhaus allegra kellenhusen zoloft is taken for 17 beta estradiol elisa kit metoprolol composicion quimica ilosone e gravidez cialis salerno 300 mcg thyroxine nexium there generic nexium is it safe to use monistat 7 and fluconazole indicaciones furosemide propecia without minox flagyl poudre buy accutane generic prednisone one week side effects diet pill trim zone acyclovir chronic therapy augmentin dose for upper respiratory infection hair tranaplant nizoral ad pros for taking zoloft accutane reduce swelling function of the hormone thyroxine zithromax mental confusion antidepressants and pregnancy vialin xenical orlistat 120 mg yan etkileri celebrex 400 bijsluiter generic viagra from india review patient teaching for furosemide lasix zyprexa olanzapine 5mg montelukast 10 mg reviews ciprofloxacin dosage uk cialis dilalti estrin d diet pill metformin hydrochloride ftir quais os riscos do xenical mayo clinic burst dose of prednisone for swolen joints nexium and acne effects stopping olanzapine dostinex quanto costa in farmacia ringworm flagyl can azithromycin cause gerd lasix 20mg nuclear medicine ciprobay cough what happens when you stop taking hydrochlorothiazide telmisartan 80 prijs lipitor groin pain opening cymbalta capsules metformin effects on baby seroquel 400 high cheapest propecia australia can you cut a 200 mg diflucan in half mixing amoxicillin with metronidazole flagyl for bacterial infection dosage atarax para que sirve en espanol ivermectin what to expect something over the counter like viagra nolvadex for sale pct risks of taking misoprostol ciprofloxacin 100 mg preis effects for forgetting kate and thyroxine online levitra prescription can you stack arimidex with tamoxifen and proviron zofran nausea med apo furosemide for dogs erythromycin 500mg for pityriasis rosea viagraw in viagra and cialis men over 60 ivermectin vetrimec rovex nexium ne 5000 fs can you use zyvox for sinus infections thuoc voltaren osteo gel does aurochem cialis work effect of ciprofloxacin on warfarin dosage of flomax for passing kidney stones azithromycin 7147 uk antibiotics for dog skin online cloridrato de propranolol estrutura quimica celexa 40mg and lamactil with alcohol metronidazole alternative drugs

Can Business Be Catholic?

Many may think that Catholicism and business do not mix. But the majority of Catholic colleges and universities in the United States offer business majors dedicated to the unique mission of a Catholic businessmen.
by Annamarie Adkins | Source:
Suspicion within the Church of profit and the residue of an ancient prejudice against “shopkeepers” and moneylenders have fueled a perception that Catholicism and commerce are like oil and water.

But the vast majority of Catholic colleges and universities in the United States offer undergraduate business majors, and many have graduate business programs leading to professional degrees. As a result, there has been a developing body of scholarship dedicated to formulating the unique mission of a Catholic business school.

Michael Naughton has been at the forefront of this movement. Naughton is the Moss Endowed Chair in Catholic Social Thought and director of the John A. Ryan Institute for Catholic Social Thought at the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul.
Naughton talked to ZENIT about the challenges a Catholic business school faces.

Q: Many critics believe a business school has no place in a Catholic university because business promotes selfish ends. How would you respond? Can business really be a professional calling?

Naughton: There is, as you say, a bias against business, particularly among some of the faculty in the liberal arts. They often operate with a Platonic/Aristotelian bias against commerce, since they understand business only in terms of its economic and instrumental dimensions.

Once I had a theologian say to me that success for him was persuading students away from majoring in business, since he saw little redeemable value in pursuing such a line of work.

However, if we look at some of the great Catholic thinkers on education -- Cardinal John Henry Newman, Jacques Maritain, Poe John Paul II, etc. -- what we find is that they all see a role for professional education within the university, precisely because they hold to the importance of the dignity of work.

Today, business is one of the major forms of work for our students; a Catholic university, as a cultural institution, plays an important role in the formation of students as to what this work should be.

Q: How should the principles and pillars of Catholic social teaching -- subsidiarity, solidarity, respect for human dignity and the common good, and a preferential option for the poor -- shape the curriculum and culture of a Catholic business school? Do Catholic business schools currently live up to this standard?

Naughton: It is important to remember that all business education involves an education in principles. The question is in what principles are we forming our students -- Machiavellian principles, economic principles, Catholic social principles, etc.

At the University of St. Thomas the vision statement of our college of business is “educating highly principled global business leaders.” I have found this to be a helpful vision because it has opened up for us a way to engage our faculty in an honest discussion on the principles of various moral traditions.

As to the culture part of your question, I see four important areas to engage these principles that can shape the identity of a Catholic business school.

The first is hiring. When Catholic business schools hire faculty, they should have candidates read an essay on Catholic social principles and ask them how they would engage such principles in their discipline. This would give a good sense of mission fit of potential new faculty.

Faculty development is a second area. If a Catholic business school is going to take its mission seriously, it has to devote time to engage faculty on the Catholic social tradition.

The third is research. Father Ted Hesburgh, former president of Notre Dame, once said that the Catholic university is where the Church does its thinking.

In a Catholic business school some of that thinking as it relates to the Church’s social principles should be engaging questions within finance, marketing, human resources, entrepreneurship, etc.

The last area is curriculum. There should be specific courses on Catholic social thought and business in which Catholic social principles and business theory and practice are specifically engaged.

But throughout all their business courses, students should encounter ethical and spiritual questions as they relate to a wider variety of issues such as the purpose of the firm and finance, just wages and human resources, humane job design and operations, truth telling and marketing, wealth distribution and economics, capital ownership and strategy, and so forth.

Catholic business schools that take these four areas seriously would be well on their way to living up to their vision. My sense is that most Catholic business schools have room for improvement in these four areas.

Q: What does “Ex Corde Ecclesiae” have to say to Catholic business schools?

Naughton: “Ex Corde Ecclesiae” does not say much specifically to Catholic business schools, but the vision of the document is extremely relevant to such schools.

John Paul II wrote of four characteristics of a Catholic education: “(a) the search for an integration of knowledge, (b) a dialogue between faith and reason, (c) an ethical concern and (d) a theological perspective.”

These four criteria are desperately needed in business education today. Warren Bennis and James O’Toole -- in a highly critical article on business education entitled “How Business Schools Lost Their Way” in the Harvard Business Review -- argued that business schools are increasingly becoming more specialized and less interdisciplinary, and they are adopting a scientific instead of a professional model of business education.

It seems to me that Catholic business schools, if they are informed by the vision of “Ex Corde Ecclesiae,” stand the best chance to address these criticisms that Bennis and O’Toole raise in their article. Catholic business schools can provide a distinctive vision of business education that enables them to stand apart from their competitors.

Q: Most business schools require a course in “business ethics.” Does a Catholic business school teach this any differently? How does a Catholic business school differentiate itself from secular business schools?

Naughton: In the past, Catholic universities have tended to take business ethics more seriously than other universities; however, there is a temptation in business ethics to come to a common agreement by driving the discussion down to the lowest common denominator.

This kind of ethical approach quickly moves one to either the law, namely, what is ethical is what is legal. Or it leads to a position that ethics pays, namely, good ethics is good business. What is often avoided in this approach to business ethics is how people can speak from their center in making ethical decisions, and in particular from their faith.

It seems to me that business ethics courses at Catholic universities should open up students to a robust vision of business leadership as a profession and a vocation. A business ethics approach at a Catholic university has an intellectual arsenal that is unique from most universities.

Depending upon the theology and philosophy requirements, a business ethics course can and should demand from its students a more sophisticated integration of theological and philosophical ethics. This vision should draw upon the ethical tradition of the natural law, the virtues, Catholic social principles, rights and duties, etc., that inform and form students in the moral and spiritual importance of business.

This approach to business ethics can help students manage the complexities of business life without either losing their soul or going broke. This is certainly a large order, but one that lies at the heart of what makes business education at a Catholic university distinctive to its identity. 

Q: Benedict XVI stated in his recent address to American college and university presidents that a Catholic institution of higher education should assist students in deepening their relationship with Jesus Christ. Can this really be accomplished in a business education program?

Naughton: John Henry Newman wrote that “every profession has its dangers,” and business is no exception.

The excessive pursuit and desire for money and power, the cold pragmatic instrumental reasoning of treating employees as means only, rather than ends, the prideful conceit of understanding business as only a career, etc., are all indicators to a destiny that excludes God.

The Second Vatican Council document “Gaudium et Spes” warns us that the split between one’s professional life and one’s religious commitments is a dangerous error of our age. This divided life, particularly for Christian businesspersons, seriously impairs their relationship with Christ.

A Catholic university, if it takes its mission seriously, needs to engage its business students in ideas of vocation, faith and reason, spirituality of work, principles of the Catholic social tradition, the cardinal and theological virtues, responsibilities to poor and marginalized, all of which can move the student to a richer understanding and relationship with God.

Q: The main goal of a business is to successfully create, market, and sell a product or service for profit. How does a Catholic business school navigate the tension between teaching its students to be effective businesspeople, and discouraging cynical and self-serving practices like exploiting the vices of consumers?

Naughton: A Catholic business education is a formation in “practical wisdom,” an education that engages students in the utilization of highly effective means toward morally good ends. It is an education in both the how and the why of business.

If our students are not effective in the “how,” they can go broke; but if they are not thoughtful on the “why,” they can become corrupt.

One of the most powerful insights in Catholic social teaching comes from John Paul II’s 1981 encyclical letter on work, “Laborem Excercens.” He explains that work is not only about the effective changes on products and services, but more profoundly the change work has on the person.

As John Ruskin put it, “The highest reward [or punishment] for man’s toil is not what he gets from it, but what he becomes by it.”

--- --- ---

On the Net:

The Role of Mission-Driven Business Schools:

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular