ciprofloxacina injet?vel bula cvs nizoral cream diflucan emedicine cytotec hasta cuantos meses se puede tomar bactrim hallucinations do amlodipine besylate give you gas pains allegra collezioni beograd street value of gabapentin 300mg clopidogrel 75mg dental nhs can you take diflucan 4 days apart fungsi montelukast finasteride din number tamsulosin hcl 0.4 para que serve accutane 3 times a week doxycycline monohydrate cream nexium pagina en espanol azithromycin cream efectos secundarios de levaquin 750 teva amoxicillin cream help reduce skin infection allopurinol for prevention of tumor lysis clomipramine adverse events generic release of lipitor viagra cheap kamagra reacciones alergicas del metoprolol what does clopidogrel look like how old do u have to be to take viagra mirtazapine timeline atenolol and leg edema atorvastatin nerden bulurum side effects of cymbalta 30mg antibiotics cost toronto yahoo como funciona o priligy gabapentin ms society menses problem provera5mg metronidazole dogs kennel cough suver?nitet principen aort anevrizmasi viagra septra other names medicamentos gabapentin 300 generic fluconazole cialis through australian customs kadin viagra icerse consecuencias tomar sildenafil singulair medication and alcohol amitriptyline 350mg spironolactone vs avodart in canada do i need prescription to buy viagra one prozac one viagra dostinex 2 tablet fiyat?± does buspirone work singulair ok during pregnancy dizzy after taking zoloft zovirax cream in toronto ethinyloestradiol spelling 3 days of cipro enough for uti does buspirone increased tinnitus nizoral shampoo philippine price famvir tablets over the counter amitriptyline bertibarots uses information on bupropion hydrochloride hoodia plant hoodia diet pill review speedylearning com atenolol structure activity relationship atorvastatin dosage range captopril 25 mg sublingual cada 4 horas fluconazole dose regimen for dogs kamagra durban flomax bustine prezzo prednisone makes scabies worse does acyclovir cause yeast infections clomid krampen celexa mouth norvasc doza maxima prxmart products viagra cialis 1800 mg blue hf prescription gel ear infection dog one dose contraindicacion de zyprexa gabapentin solubility in ethanol metformin tab heri buy free viagra pills in mumbai methocarbamol for bursitis proair hfa albuterol sulfate efectos secundarios amlodipine blood pressure drug que es mejor flagyl o flagenase is metronidazole is off the shelf medicine what are the dangers of stopping lipitor zoloft side effects hive topamax pros and cons zyprexa treat anxiety voltaren gel cena 100g plavix warszawa cena ivermectina en equinos dosis cialis come agisce haarausfall nach absetzen von isotretinoin phentrimine diet pills do you have to take amoxicillin with food does clomid work better over time what does viagra do when women take it provera 5 or 10 days femara over 40 success foglietto illustrativo gabapentin dapoxetine prodej metronidazole indications for use xenical 120 mg tablet how many mgs of cialis safe to take contoh reaksi obat cytotec amlodipine 5mg tab cam yo baje peso xenical augmentin mims singapore can i take naproxen 500 mg with viagra cardura tablet 2 mg 20 tb amlodipine mercury drug prednisone daily copd seroquel 300ml face care after accutane metronidazole injection ip use for vaginal hair boile propranolol and niacin dapoxetine and diabetes zyprexa dosing delirium cytotec provoca cancer can you smoke weed while taking valtrex ketoconazole clobetasol propionate be used on acne generic plavix voucher for walgreens have you taken buspar clomid challenge miscarriage zithromax take w food viagra last longer before cum terbinafine alcohol consumption doxycycline mono does it cure clymdia how many antibiotics should i be giving my 1 year dog gabapentin overdose neuropathy how to write inhaler prescription orlistat laboratorios pisa genericos finasteride thuoc azithromycin 250 mg nexium vitamina b does metronidazole work for toothache herbs instead of paxil can acyclovir treat angular cheilitis best dosage of quetiapine fumarate for sleep problems albuterol onset peak lasix kidney value how much do clonidine sell on the street cialis price comparison walmart meloxicam 15 mg and weight gain viagra 500mg price in india avodart dutasteride 0.5 mg capsules gabapentin 600 mg nhs purchase ciprofloxacin hcl can neurontin cause dry eyes albuterol in bangladesh mobic for sciatica nerve low dose doxycycline for dry eyes ciproheptadine ketotifen risks of atenolol during pregnancy singulair 10 mg pret zyvox criteria zoloft side effects after 3 months phenergan antihistamine ebay zyprexa drug precio what types of bacteria does amoxicillin kill oral metronidazole for clostridium difficile amitriptyline 50 milligrams how much fluconazole for a 65 lb dog side effects of taking paroxetine can 25 mg zoloft cause reflux site serieux cialis can you take antibiotics amoxicillin while on methadone nizoral hair cream does kamagra gel go off obat piroxicam khasiat nyaa untuk apa prefer cialisthan levitra prednisone and cysts zoloft and badder pain co codamol cialis interactions bactrim keflex throat swelling, hives, inexium 10 mg bebe prednisone treatment only for cats side effects will levaquin treat acne flagyl suspension uk ventolin 2 mg dosage online paxil doctor buy amoxicillin 250 online uk venta cytotec en antofagasta chile azithromycin 600 mg generico de la pastilla cytotec neurontin capsules 667 can you take cialis and eat food diflucan 50 mg pret fermata cipro metropolitana roma can zoloft give me energy cialis no prescription required how long does zofran last for morning sickness can lipitor cause hot flashes how long does it take for kamagra 5gm to work can albuterol inhaler be used like clenbuterol pills fluconazole antidepressants tamoxifen causing weight loss effects of abruptly stopping lipitor acyclovir prophylaxis herpes labialis cytotec 9 semanas when did cymbalta come on the market phenergan illegal uses power ved for erectile dysfunction in canada can you take effexor and wellbutrin together accutane effects on menstrual cycle prednisone side effects for 6 days dosage is it safe to take 150mg of zoloft while pregnant no results from accutane can a 6 year old take 4mg of zofran ciprofloxacin 500 scalp infection olanzapine dose elderly prednisone dose that equals moon face seroquel astrazeneca coupons out of pocket cost flagyl accutane dry lips solution tab cyproheptadine celecoxib y poliposis amoxicillin clavulanic acid efficacy can i take tylenol with propranolol how often can i take 20 mg levitra efectos secundarios voltaren difference between diaformin and metformin cipro dosage for respiratory infection estradiol 0 75 amoxicillin and banana allergy valsartan amlodipine hidroclorotiazida what does tender nipples mean after taking clomid buy amoxicillin 500g staying power of viagra voltaren plus zofran side effects australia order cialis online uk diflucan makes yeast infection worse irbesartan 2873 injecting tamoxifen citrate maximum rate of viagra for men in bangalore kamagra jelly malaysia meloxicam 15 mg mgyar nyelven lamisil duracion tratamiento como conseguir una formulamedica de cytotec 2 clomid for 5 day after hsg vitamina cyproheptadine finasteride 1mg paying with paypal generic cialis 200mg can you be too young for viagra cialis drops under tongue boards diet message pill nexium dose iv breast enlargement with prednisone treatment does isotretinoin cause headaches when does lipitor patent end where to buy viagra in birmingham uk connecticut viagra caverta generic veega percocet atarax can i take celebrex with advil cold and sinus nifedipine for rectal use propecia effets secondaires hydroxyzine hcl and pamoate scholar paper famciclovir price philippines is amoxicillin good for babies costo viagra in brasile buy gabapentin overnight delivery what are viagra capsules can i take cymbalta and maxalt oral jelly levitra azithromycin dosage for kennel cough cvs pharmacy cialis price 0.5 mg diflucan kapsule i kandida 40 mg of prednisone a day which dog food do standard metformin dosing distributor of viagra in nigeria normal value of thyroxine hot temper drugs celexa viagra nebenwirkungen beipackzettel toronto research chemicals tamoxifen paxil side effects weight gain valtrex 500 mg for cold sores low vitamin d nexium anafranil tansiyon what is the dose of antibiotic treats clamydia aciclovir hospira fluvoxamine maleate price cipro cose da sapere what form does strattera come in viagra online uk next day inderal 40 mg generico amitriptyline 20 mg price india how to administer phenergan injection how to order cialis venlafaxine or zoloft cyproheptadine for growth naproxen 375 mg tab teva when is the best time to take furosemide glyciphage metformin dwai flagyl red eyes 20 milligrams of celexa equals how much wellbutrin prozac saved my life cymbalta and weight gain paying for viagra with mastercard when did generic topamax become available allegra clegg esomeprazole ads deltasone side affects weight quem toma viagra pode beber generic zithromax 250 mg for chlamydia metformin und jod cipro xr 500 mg gonorrhea walgreens xenical from cosco amaryl glucophage combination se puede tomar la aspirina junto con el captopril cenik cialis can i take advil with plaquenil and cymbalta el finasteride produce shedding mixing seroquel alcohol and percocet estradiol cream australia log p amoxicillin trihydrate pexeva vs paroxetine hcl lexapro first 2 weeks cialis price online can metformin cause your heart to race cialis thailand prison antibiotics cipro std does doxycycline have side effects how to use rotec misoprostol can men take metronidazole 400mg google prednisone 10mg tabs para q es sildenafil citra captopril 12.5 mg tablet can u take prozac and ibuprofen 600 together mobic 7.5treats can antibiotics cure malaria and gonorrhea buy xenical online india metrogel gel metronidazole gel usp furosemide lasix dosage que precio tiene el tamoxifeno celexa in morning or evening glucophage xr price in mercury drug lexapro side effects acid reflux generic viagra efficacy propecia 5mg or 1mg carvedilol clonidine wean generic verapamil gel metformine om af te vallen 2.5 albuterol fish deixa estar que o que tem que ser vigora doxycycline hyclate 100 mg and exposure to sun dexamethasone injection for dogs for back pain celexa severe headache benazepril inyectable flagyl etken madde prednisone muscle weakness augmentin azithromycin interaction ciprofloxacino dosis gotas propecia 0.5 i was taking 40mg of lipitor and had an itchy scalp valsartan costco cymbalta rcm adalat crono 20 mg gravidanza antibiotic prices without insurance psychology viagra cialis originalverpackung best way to take cialis forum day 29 on clomid no period levalbuterol que es how soon alcohol flagyl

Couples Ask: What’s Wrong With In-vitro Fertilization?

Catholic teaching has called in-vitro fertilization techniques immoral for decades. But most Catholics still haven’t heard the news.
by Tim Drake | Source:
SACRAMENTO, Calif. — Catholic teaching has called in-vitro fertilization techniques immoral for decades. But most Catholics still haven’t heard the news.

California attorneys Anthony and Stephanie Epolite found out the hard way that in-vitro fertilization wasn’t all it’s cracked up to be. After years of marriage, and facing her 39th birthday still without a baby, Stephanie turned to a fertility clinic.

Two years and $25,000 later, the couple had nothing but frustration and embarrassment to show for the time spent on in-vitro fertilization (in-vitro fertilization).

“We were emotionally, financially and spiritually spent,” Stephanie Epolite said. “The clinic did no diagnostic tests. They loaded me up with fertility medication and determined the right time for retrieval of my eggs.”

But, after the retrieval and the mixing of the eggs with Anthony’s sperm in the laboratory, still no embryo developed. “In the end, they told me I just had old eggs,” Stephanie said.

She wishes she had known at the beginning what she has since learned: The Catholic Church forbids fertility techniques that try to make babies outside of marital intercourse. “There is no education out there about the alternatives,” she said, “so Catholics are flocking to the fertility clinics.”

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, infertility affects more than 6 million American women and their spouses, or about 10% of the reproductive-age population. About 5% of infertile couples use in-vitro fertilization.

As to how many Catholic couples are among them, figures are hard to come by. But many Catholics seem unaware of the immorality of the procedure.

“Anecdotally, from our consultation experience here, Catholics using reproductive technologies are generally unaware of the Church’s moral teaching in this area,” said Dr. Peter Cataldo, director of research with the Boston-based National Catholic Bioethics Center. “They’re not hearing it from the pulpit or elsewhere.”

In her teaching on human reproduction, the Church seeks to safeguard human dignity. God wants life “to be the result of an act of love by those committed to loving each other,” philosophy professor Janet Smith has written. Anything that assists the conjugal act achieve its purpose of procreation is licit; anything that substitutes for it is not.

In No. 2377, the Catechism explains why the Church opposes methods that separate marital love-making from baby-making.

“They dissociate the sexual act from the procreative act. The act which brings the child into existence is no longer an act by which two persons give themselves to one another, but one that entrusts the life and identity of the embryo into the power of doctors and biologists and establishes the domination of technology over the origin and destiny of the human person. Such a relationship of domination is in itself contrary to the dignity and equality that must be common to parents and children. Under the moral aspect procreation is deprived of its proper perfection when it is not willed as the fruit of the conjugal act, that is to say, of the specific act of the spouses’ union.”

In successful in-vitro fertilization, a human life comes into existence outside the conjugal act and outside the womb. Conception is the result of a technician’s manipulation of “reproductive materials.” The process for the collection of sperm often necessitates masturbation, which is itself immoral.

Father Tadeusz Pacholczyk, director of education at the National Catholic Bioethics Center in Philadelphia, explained that the Church teaches that the procedure is immoral for several reasons. “It undermines the meaning of sex. It violates the exclusivity of the couple’s marriage covenant,” Father Pacholczyk said. “It says that it is okay to manufacture life in a laboratory as if it were a commodity, when it should be the result of human love.”

“There’s also the ancillary evil of freezing embryonic humans that are later abandoned or poured down the sink if they are not useful,” he added.

In addition, Father Pacholczyk noted that babies created through in-vitro fertilization have an elevated risk of birth defects.

“Studies have shown a sixfold elevated risk for in-vitro fertilization children contracting an eye disease called retinal blastoma versus normally conceived babies,” he said. “In-vitro fertilization is very unnatural. You’re extracting ova from the woman, culturing them and inspecting the developing embryo in a laboratory setting. They are in a completely unnatural environment for a very long time before they are put back into the womb.

“Commercial interests offer in-vitro fertilization as standard practice,” Father Pacholczyk said. “The Catholic Church is the only voice opposed to it.”

But there are morally acceptable alternatives to in-vitro fertilization, and Dr. Thomas Hilgers is trying to let more Catholic couples know that.

In response to Humanae Vitae, Pope Paul VI’s 1968 encyclical reaffirming the Church’s opposition to contraception, Hilgers devoted his life to the study of human reproduction, developing the Creighton Model System of Natural Family Planning and eventually opening the Pope Paul VI Institute for the Study of Human Reproduction.

In 1991, Hilgers coined the term NaProTechnology (Natural Procreative Technology), a reproductive and gynecologic medical science that seeks to evaluate and treat a host of women’s health problems without the use of contraception, sterilization, abortion or artificial reproductive technologies, thereby making it consistent with Church teachings.

NaProTechnology first identifies the causes of infertility and then seeks to treat them. That’s not always the case at fertility clinics.

“The aim of most fertility clinics is to skip over the abnormality to try to get women pregnant,” Hilgers said. “Yet when you skip over the causes, you end up dealing with them one way or another.

“It’s ludicrous to promote in-vitro fertilization as the help for the vast majority of 6.62 million with impaired fertility,” he said. “When you listen to the national news and morning television shows, you think that in-vitro fertilization is the only thing available to infertile couples, yet less than 0.5% of infertile couples in the U.S. are helped by in-vitro fertilization each year.”

Catholic theologians and ethicists would agree that NaProTechnology is morally acceptable, Cataldo said.

Cataldo pointed out that “certain drug therapies and egg-stimulating medications at doses that don’t have disproportionate risks for the children engendered or for the mother” also are acceptable. But other technologies, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) fall into a “gray area.”

“Some moral theologians and ethicists see these techniques as assisting the conjugal act. Others see it as replacing it,” he said. “Until such time as the Vatican speaks, Catholics contemplating the use of IUI or GIFT should inform themselves of both sides of the moral and theological argument and then make a decision in good conscience.”

Regardless of the artificial method chosen, the cost of such techniques remains high and the success rates low. According to the 2001 Assisted Reproductive Technology Success Rates report compiled by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, a survey of 384 fertility clinics showed a clinical pregnancy success rate of 32%.

In a 1990 article published in Social Justice Review, then-associate director of the U.S. Catholic bishops’ Pro-Life Secretariat Richard Doerflinger noted that a survey of in-vitro fertilization clinics discovered that half of the clinics had never had a live birth after being in business at least three years, collectively treating more than 600 women and collecting $2.5 million for their services.

“Those with the extraordinary emotions that engulf infertile couples are extremely vulnerable,” Hilgers said. “They are easy prey.”

Not only do natural and morally acceptable alternatives such as NaProTechnology cost far less, but they also are more successful. The Pope Paul VI Institute boasts success rates ranging from 38% to 80%, depending upon the condition being treated.

Following the Epolites’ experience with in-vitro fertilization, Stephanie learned about the Pope Paul VI Institute from a Natural Family Planning counselor. In the fall of 2000, the couple applied to the institute, gathered charts they had kept that outlined vital signs related to fertility, and underwent diagnostic testing.

As it turned out, both had reproductive issues that their previous fertility clinic had never diagnosed. Anthony’s sperm count was low, and Stephanie suffered from endometriosis and blocked fallopian tubes.

Six months later, following treatment of their conditions at the Pope Paul VI Institute and at the age of 42, Stephanie conceived naturally. Their daughter, Claire Marie, was born Oct. 31, 2002.

“At the Pope Paul VI Institute, we saw compassion, concern, help and love,” Stephanie said. “They provided individualized treatment, versus the empty feeling that we felt from the fertility clinic. Whereas the fertility clinic bypasses all the laws of nature, the Pope Paul VI Institute works with the laws of nature.”

Tim Drake writes from St Cloud, Minnesota.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular