gabapentin and oxycontin sertraline ranbaxy 50 mg does lasix help you pass a drug test strattera starter pack 250 lamisil cymbalta when should you take atorvastatin ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily for uti when did lexapro launch azithromycin how long does.1g.last metformin 500 mg slow release for pcos about to start 3rd round of clomid buying clomid online cheap periactine in houston no rx diflucan200 can it terminate pregnancy do u get dizzy from lexapro albuterol sulfate hfa 108 90 base doxycycline 100mg indian terbinafine price uk manfaat atenolol can take amoxicillin and ampiclox same time propranolol panic anxiety stromectol eureka on 5months pregnancy can abortion on cytotec cipro side effects common ciprofloxacin antibiotic and alcohol how effective is 5mg of cialis mirtazapine 30 mg tablet erythromycin hereisthebestin uses tadalafil dosage form in usp counteracting antidepressant side effects side effects of 10mg of prednisone for dogs can you buy viagra in mexico walmart linezolid doses in mrsa staphylococcus prostatitis cloridrato de ciprofloxacino qual o nome will ciprofloxacin indicated for gram negative rodes cuantas pastillas de cytotec tomo para abortar does gabapentin cough go away how much does propecia cost in uk bactrim spettro azione neurontin multiple sklerose what type of drug is lasix doxycycline combination in mankind flagyl tablets australia tb.flagyl 400 nizoral wikipedia lamisil once 1 cutaneous solution 4g buspirone mg lugares en costa rica donde se consigue cytotec flagyl dosage people can aleve and celebrex be taken together can u buy flagyl at walgreens dosis del aciclovir en ni?os viagra 1oomg how to use oxcarbazepine topamax aldactone na dermatologia canada cialis no prescription doxycycline gingivite mg of metronidazole nail fungus metronidazole dose for cats flomax annual sales buy valsartan online valacyclovir dosing for prophylaxis prednisone 4 mg daily does clomiphene citrate work if one tube is blocked travell abroad with viagra hydrochlorothiazide potassium chloride co thai uong thuoc amoxicillin nexium et grosesse best generic bupropion xl synthroid 62.5 can you take cialis after meal how long does metformin symptoms last cymbalta spasticity brand name viagra online how long to use xenical order lexapro overnight how long does it take diflucan to stop itch vibramycin 100 normal dosages for albuterol in neonate patient viagra jetzt billiger 100mg cialis tadalafil can clomiphene citrate side effect male nipple tender how does azithromycin affect sprintec birth control long term use wellbutrin how long does it take for cialis to work on bph uk aciclovir comezon pemakaian flagyl forte fosamax d 600 clomid teblet use for follicle size development how to tell if someone has taken viagra taking albuterol without having asthma fungsi piroxicam feldene estradiol hormon folikularna faza allopurinol ce este estrace pills cost buy atorvastatin tabs mirtazapine 45mg how many will kill you cheap revatio medicamento generico do levitra buy xenical online usa topamax y trastorno bipolar will aleve help with cymbalta withdrawal sertraline dosage reduction how much prednisone for ear infection buy metronidazole veterinary clomid chi incinta que es sildenafil de 50 mg can i take escitalopram and codral cold and flu whats the difference between zoloft and sertraline hcl escitalopram make you feel different,than citalopram doxycycline hyclate lung infection strattera cost canada grapefruit juice and sildenafil viagra saudi arabia amoxil dosage for mastitis in cats can mirtazapine 7.5 give you energy the next day can metronidazole be taken with diflucan small acne after accutane weani g iff lexapro weight celebrex duration use what happens if you give a young man viagra levofloxacino igual ciprofloxacino ciprofloxacin hydrochloride tablets for boils is it safe to stop prednisone after 1 dose of 30mg dog side effects antibiotics in 3 month old baby can i take an extra cialis daily on the weekend posologie flagyl giardiose chien nexium ec 40 mg side effects doxycycline hyclate 100mg acne bone orlistat werking que sabor tiene cytotec can you zithromax in a bali clinic withdrawal from lexapro anger tadalafil produce methord cymbalta a benzo xenical e sertralina hiccups and phenergan does augmentin affect blood sugar buy prednisone online cheap metformin the gold standard can i bye viagra in dubai viagra after meal does sertraline give you a speed effect my husband took a viagra pill last night and didnt work find the cheapest viagra for sale viagra for sale usa topirimate sertraline for weight loss how long nebulized albuterol lasts eletriptan hydrobromide cost 20 mg baclofen effects over 300 dose of synthroid can i take erythromicin with augmentin duo forte can you take claritin while on lisinopril cheapest cialis prices para toc o wellbutrin serve metronidazole dose in dogs taken before food atenolol to lower heart rate buy dexamethasone uk singulair blood pressure side effect monohydrate antibiotics black stool augmentin 70 ml suspension neurontin customer reviews over the counter flagyl substitute metronidazole 250 mg price uk xeloda and omega 3 can i take benadryl with prednisone how to use priligy bactrim yasmin interactions what are parameters for doxazosin buy tenormin no prescription anavar tamoxifen existing gyno pfizer lipitor app feldene 20 mg piroxicam female viagra price in bangalore levofloxacin 1g does diflucan work on yeast under breast amitriptyline ckd dapoxetine drug in bd lexapro time for effectiveness boots viagra bangkok diflucan drogist se deben tomar las pastillas cytotec tamoxifen steroid forum comprar viagra por internet en argentina khasiat viagra 100mg amitriptyline gg 40 street value cephalexin liquid strength what does zoloft dors where can i buy lamisil cream in delhi cymbalta sedative topamax sore nipples what forms does zoloft come in costco propecia generic can you buy mirtazapine in egypt cymbalta interaction with lexapro moduretic 10 nystatin vs. diflucan septra lyme disease viagra und priligy lasix retard 30 mg biverkningar low blood pressure on prednisone does lasix come in 120 mg si uso cytotec y oxitocina me funcionara un aborto ivermectina pomada how long does methocarbamol take to kick in xenical 120 mg 84 capsules compridos antibiotics what do they do meloxicam dosage for sciatic nerve pain para que sirve aciclovir 200 mg suspension gabapentin scheduled in usa metformin everolimus side effects of topamax acne side effects of lisinopril on elderly lasix ilaci hakkinda bilgi use metformin gynecology accutane gbm sulfa bactrim allergy propecia later shed nexium is there a generic obat sakit apa nizoral sclap solusion zoloft 50 mg ed how much does acyclovir cost in south africa does keflex affect birth control pills does taking propecia make you tired plavix 75 mg price france allergic reaction amoxicillin infant fluconazole 150mg capsule 1 buy generic lipitor online took diflucan and urine smells lasix 20mg tab prednisone effect on testosterone levels les effets secondaires de glucophage accutane bumps on arms buy sildenafil uk cymbalta milk thistle interaction drug topiramate side effects delivery tomorrow viagra is 1g of augmentin is safe for three weeks pregnant viagra nz website severe acne accutane can i inject buspar 10 mg erlamycetin chloramphenicol eye ointment adalah common side effects of lexapro 10 mg natural replacement for spironolactone cymbalta killed my mom zyvox tabs crush hydroxyzine 10mg 5ml syrup dosage much does vardenafil cost buy kamagra usa pos del cytotec what the street pricing for hydroxyzine 50 mg can paroxetine hcl cut half accutane buying single dose albuterol lowest price for propecia does flagyl and imodium delay menstrual cycle can i take tetracycline after amox viagra collection cytotec precio y presentacion indocin australia cipro dosage for more weight how safe is generic tadalafil kegunaan azithromycin 1000 g gabapentin alcohol insomnia escitalopram 10mg weight loss neurontin 300 mg paying for viagra with mastercard super kamagra aus uk levofloxacin forum nursing management of metoprolol intravenous infusion how often can you use estrace cream buy propecia with paypal can i take clomid50 mg n the same time i take m2 tone azithromycin 500 mg dosage how much water should i drink while taking topamax overdose prednisone symptoms can overdose of metronidazole gel cause miscarriage where t buy anastrozole in the philippine online dosis strattera adultos buy metformin hydrochloride lamisil side effects emedicine metformin from selain salep lamisil tenormin 50 beipackzettel sildenafil citrate dr reddy buy generic propecia uk does cialis work on first dose montelukast 10mg tablets price buy misoprostol at walmart venere nascita cipro topamax medication guide allopurinol wirkt nicht levitra increase orgasm for what used tadalafili. risperidone haloperidol clozapine indikasi metronidazole metal complexes vitapro ciprofloxacin tablets usp 500 mg. xenical cuts effect of tiroxine zyban breastfeeding levofloxacin and cistitis medicamento propranolol er 120 mg liquid viagra beef dog recipe stop taking propecia low testosterone viagra side effect sinus inflamation estradiol gel composition metronidazole gel in wounds is clopidogrel 75 mg a large dosage amoxicillin for pneumonia dosage wie wirkt levitra 10 mg fluconazole 100mg dosage dove lo posso trovare ondansetron 4mg for babies too much synthroid shortness of breath thuoc glimepiride 5mg prednisone stopping 20mg torsemide spironolactone tide plus 10 for used levofloxacin and doxy zoloft menstrual pain side effects from skipping synthroid diovan 40 mg price wellbutrin xl maker buy lasix potassium duracion efectos secundarios viagra efectos sobredosis cialis amoxicillin 625mg wisdom tooth infection pharmacy on line viagra unive viagra what does viagra cost in bangkok zofran ampoule in pediatrics intramuscular what to do when viagra stops working dosage atarax adults atorvastatin 20 mg spain fungsi yusimox amoxicillin accutane turkiye antibiotic for uti doxycycline taking clenbuterol with lisinopril duloxetine gi can l give my dog celebrex 200 cialis wirkt immer how does bactrim affect birth control pills doxycycline and prednisone drug interactions diflucan candida treatment is augmentin refrigerated lexapro after 2 days alternative til flagyl accutane for scalp folliculitis medication zofran dosage does bactrim work for uti cymbalta benadryl combination how should you take amoxicillin furosemide asam urat aciclovir contiene cortisona seroquel 25mg reviews montelukast dosis maxima movix meloxicam 75 does indian status cover amoxicillin methocarbamol blood urine purchase women viagra neurontin cream pain anyone use female viagra iv acyclovir dose for meningitis lisinopril philippines levitra viagra price online cialis australia amoxicillin obat untk apa oxytetracycline salep untuk apa back pain with gabapentin doxazosin 30 how much cialis equals 50mg viagra metoprolol tartrate generic name giving levitra a boost

Powder Keg

Defusing Danger in Lebanon's Polarized Environment
by Doreen Abi Raad | Source:
BEIRUT, Lebanon — When the bell of 153-year-old Our Lady of the Annunciation Church in west Beirut was broken, a Muslim neighbor requested that it be repaired.

“We need to hear the voice of the Church,” he told the pastor, Father Jean Marie Riachi.

“The Church is a kind of security for Muslims,” said Father Riachi, “because the Church is here as peacemaker in the region. “They know that we don’t belong to any political party. We are with Jesus.”

Despite an ongoing political stalemate, a presidential vacuum and a series of bombs targeting Christian areas, day-to-day life in Lebanon is still testimony to Pope John Paul II’s declaration that it is “more than just a country. Lebanon is a message of liberty and an example of pluralism and coexistence for the Middle East as well as for the West.”

Christians account for approximately 33% to 40% of Lebanon’s total population of about four million.

“In Lebanon we have a very high level of understanding of each other — Muslim and Christian,” said Melkite Bishop Elie Haddad of Sidon in south Lebanon, a diocese that is about 90% Muslim.

“We have already established a lot of common customs and virtues, such as respect of the human being, liberty and especially religious liberty, which is not the case in other Arab countries. So that’s why Lebanon can be a good example, for all the world, of coexistence between Muslims and Christians.”

“Many in the Western world don’t trust the Islamic world,” pointed out Bishop Haddad. “But we have a relationship with the Islamic world that the West can’t understand easily.”

Coexistence is embedded into the heart of Lebanese culture. Muslims and Christians conduct business together and socialize together, attend the same universities and intermarry. Many Muslim children are still educated in Catholic schools. It’s common for Christians to celebrate Ramadan feasts with their Muslim friends and associates.

This normal exchange “creates bridges between people and makes coexistence less difficult,” said Father Fadi Daou, Director of the Lebanese Foundation for Interfaith Studies and Spiritual Solidarity, or Adyan (religion in Arabic).

But the Christian presence in Lebanon is endangered.

Already, the Taif Accord that ended Lebanon’s 1975-1990 civil war marginalized the authority of the president, a post reserved for a Maronite Catholic under Lebanon’s confessional power-sharing system.

Now the country is without a president. Feuding political leaders failed to elect a successor to Emile Lahoud when his presidential term ended Nov. 23. After 13 cancellations, it is likely that the next scheduled Parliament session for the vote on Feb. 11 also will be scrapped.

The presidential vacuum is “like a war without weapons,” said Bishop Haddad.

The political landscape is further complicated because the ruling majority is supported by the United States, France, Saudi Arabia and other European allies and the Hezbollah-led opposition is aligned with Syria and Iran. Christians are divided between both camps.

The Maronite Council of Bishops has repeatedly admonished Lebanon’s politicians for their selfish self-interests, lack of unity and allegiance to regional and foreign powers. Intense shuttle diplomacy into Lebanon by various foreign representatives has failed to resolve the political impasse.

“What we are living now, in this crisis of the presidential vacuum, is the result of ‘the Lebanese virus’ of listening to foreign voices,” said Bishop Haddad.

Lebanon has a reputation as a playground for foreign powers and various factions to carry out their own interests and is paying the price of discord in the Middle East. Whether it’s from direct interference or provoked movements, stability is on tethers.

Attempts to “put fire in Lebanon,” said Bishop Haddad, will not succeed, because the Lebanese people “are conscious now that their land is not to be offered as a land of war.”

Plagued by a string of bombings and assassinations during the last three years, Israel’s war against Hezbollah in the summer of 2006, a dire economic situation and political instability, more and more Christian Lebanese are emigrating. The numbers are particularly high among educated youth who cannot find jobs in their homeland.

Cardinal Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, patriarch of the Maronite Catholic Church, recently warned that Lebanon is “on the brink of an abyss.”

Recalling Pope John Paul II’s appeal for prayers for Lebanon in 1986, Father Daou said, “I think the Pope was prophetic in his point of view. He said, ‘If we lose Lebanon one day — as a culture, as a positive partnership between Muslims and Christians — all the world will regret it.’”

“Now we are facing this issue,” said Father Daou.

“And if we lose the Lebanese culture of coexistence it means that all the Christians in all the Arab world will progressively leave this region. It also means that Muslims in the Western world will not feel secure, because when Christians leave this region, the West will look at the Arab world as an intolerant world and they will associate this with Islam,” Father Daou explained.

“My feeling is that it is very dangerous if the West begins to look at Christians in the Middle East as a minority that the West should protect. It means that Islam is dominant,” Father Daou warned.

Father Daou believes in a pluralistic approach to the issue. The West, he said, should not only help support Christians in Lebanon and the region, but also become involved in initiatives that promote coexistence between Muslims and Christians, to show that living together is possible.

There are plenty of such initiatives and movements in Lebanon. Adyan (the Lebanese Foundation for Interfaith Studies and Spiritual Solidarity) is just one example. One of the organization’s main activities is hosting interfaith conferences.

“In my diocese we have at least three institutions that talk about dialogue, charity and coexistence between Muslims and Christians,” said Bishop Haddad.

The 47-year-old bishop founded the Islamic-Christian Institute with St. Joseph University “to explain to the Christians the theory of Islamic religion from the mouth of Islamic sheiks and vice versa.” St. Joseph University also offers a masters program in Christian and Islamic Relations.

“Lebanon means Muslims and Christians, together,” said Bishop Haddad. “Without this, there is no Lebanon on the geographical map.”

Doreen Abi Raad writes from Bikfaya, Lebanon.
Source: National Catholic Register - February 10-16, 2008 Issue

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular