may have taken 25mg too much of zoloft can propranolol cure acid reflux stopping lipitor cold turkey side effects amoxicillin 2 grams po i overdosed on 1000 mg of trazodone harga nizoral cream di kuala lumpur can i take bactrim and clindamycin together can you buy antibiotics over the counter at walgreens can i smoke weed while taking azithromycin ic quetiapine fumarate and ginseng azithromycin multivitamin juice depo provera inj in pakistan fluconazole 150mg nz clopidogrel zentiva 75mg side effects flomax via g tube norvasc 10mg safe for breastfeeding costo famvir 250 mg what will happen if you snort remeron 7.5 can i take advil cold and sinus with levaquin voltaren aman utk ibu hamil finasteride 1 vs 0.5 lasix test for kidnes viagra no prescription brand fungsi zovirax acyclovir cream 5 mg lipitor 40 side effects can clozapine brain damage you warfarin 5 mg side effects RETROFITREBATE.COM interactions with vitamin d and clopidogrel thyroxine 25 side effects ciprofloxacin hcl 500 mg tab para que sirve propranolol 10mg australia generic for zovirax cream lexapro insomnia advil pm buy zyban india is doxycycline a sulfa drug cost of the ketoconazole cream minipress online propecia uk prices synthroid 112 mcg side effects avodart 0.5mg pi uk necesito comprar naproxeno en florida online seroquel xr astrazeneca spc does plavix have sulfer in it septra bactrim shelf life levofloxacin si lupus lisinopril 5mg used for administer lopressor to patient with right branch block azithromycin 250mg dogs accidentally took citalopram with flauxetine costo della vita a cipro nord dostinex tabletki 10mg lamisil cream price in the philippines kamagra seroqueltardive amitriptyline hydrochloride 50 mg uses tomar varias veces cytotec puedes quedar esteril is 250 mgs of azithromycin enough for chlamydia cymbalta will it give u high tridglycides how long do side effects of buspar last duloxetine and paroxetine together metronidazole 2g panotile cipro long term side effects from viagra how much does clomid cost in south afirca jual zoralin ketoconazole costo de glucophage en mexico linezolid and cefixime combination brands in india taking finasteride and dutasteride together high dose antidepressant made me steal xenical cp montelukast ereccion cost of erythromycin in nigeria luvox cr price piroxicam thailand augmentin and bupropion singulair 4 mg chewable overdose does prevacid make zoloft less effective generic viagra india safety can you buy misoprostol over the counter in australia can topamax help with nausea in migraine is voltaren rapid 12.5 for athritis cheap sildenafil citrate 50mg buy dostinex cheap street value of 10 mg cialis 10 mg doxycycline and the sun the street value on olanzapine metodo para hacer sino funciona cytotec zyprexa 5mg tab buy accutane online acne finasteride tablets uses finax positive s azithromycin nausea help chlamydia azithromycin stomach cramp cheap geneirc viagra 100 20mg cialis as boner pills propecia 98 filmtabletten sirop atarax pour un b?©b?© de 6 mois walmart terbinafine tablet whats the difference rizatriptan and maxalt how much is lamisil cream south africa trazodone uban buy bactrim online canada when will prednisone for cancer in dogs start working short course of prednisone make you drowsy levitra buy now buy misoprostol online usa what is 2gm of metronidazole used to treat side effects of reducing synthroid efectos del tamsulosin hcl capsulas lexapro cause gout generic for doxazosin mesylate amiodarone 6 months how are sildenafil citrate oral films used allergic reaction to bactrim buy levitra london black male actors for the cialis commercials paxil and effexor ratings why is prednisone relieve vasculitis lioresal is steroid maxalt 4 amoxicillin pedia dose montelukast sodium 5mg para qe sirve nizoral cream in nigeria price how does cialis work flaccid different brand of linezolid with mrp irbesartan price in india cialis viagra in nairobi does alcohol stop fluconazole working ciprofloxacin used for giardia how long does dizziness last after taking antibiotics cost singulair without insurance kegunaan obat grazeo 20 piroxicam erythromycin ointment no prescription clopidogrel bisulfate reviwe pdf what does flagyl look like for veternaroan use amoxicillin pre med for pediatric dental can u shoot buspar side effects of benicar medication loss of appetite serophene tablete 50 mg atorvastatin 20 mg price costco prozac 7 year old how will u know that the cytotec is original cuidados despues tomar cytotec actos 30mg bactrim instrukcija neurontin speed effect sarajevo kamagra 100 mg levitra prodaja ljekarna escitalopram purchase online buy dog neurontin international shipping can allegra 120 taken for skin allergy amlodipine recreational viagra massage can lamisil make jock itch to get worse whats the cost difference between voltaren and pennsaid amlodipine 5 mg price uk zoloft cost cialis slight heart murmur pemberian iv digoxin componentes del augmentin antibiotic prednisone aldehyde chocolate with doxycycline 90 amlodipine besylate prescription order viagra without paxil withdrawel affect the heartrate buspirone 45 mg metronidazole buccal tablets linezolid in pakistan will bactrim work for sinus infection montelukast 7426 meloxicam 15 mg tablet itu apa ceroxin antibiotic injectabil street value of seroquel 100mg generic cialis women amoxicillin al 500 dosierung pferde order prednisone for dogs online how much the celebrex in the philippines how much do they sell clomid in nigerian currency baguio city sale cytotec ranbaxy atorvastatin side effects propranolol before flight coreg class action lawsuit buy evista no prescription ubat accutane harga 7 day dose of prednisone singulair 4 mg can u give too a dog k pack antibiotic vs amoxicillin taking cenox and doxycycline can you take paracetamol with doxycycline 100 mg telmisartan 20 mgamlodipine 2.5. mg hydrocodone and mucinex and azithromycin and flonaze temporal arteritis and prednisone buy nolvadex liquid azithromycin for giardia can i kill a normal person with warfarin sodium tablets mirtazapine 45 mg tablet propranolol hydrochloride 10mg singulair generic us overdose of metoprolol cause a be art attack cialis online hong kong what is the difference between lexapro and zoloft buy furosemide online uk alendronate 75 mg tamoxifen following bilateral mastectomy accutane after 5 weeks atorvastatin vitamin d3 india tengo 6 semanas de embarazo puedo tomar cytotec bactrim cure cyst what does levofloxacin 500 mg treat yeast infection azithromycin and birth control does higher dose of mirtazapine make you more anxious linezolid sustain release tablet 1200mg amoxicillin alternative in pediatrics IMAJJI.COM NEOHAIRINDO.COM bactrim forte for food poison topiramate as a mood stabilizer pdf why propecia patent extended how does cialis work for men can i take phenergan after i took keflex antibiotic flagyl online usa prednisone hives dose buy cipro ear drops order citalopram uk antibiotica als amoxiline cps doxycycline and ear infections diflucan made burning worse can you take hawthorn with thyroxine how many mg do you give an 18 lb dog of levothyroxine buying 17b estradiol u.k lexapro 10 can i take my uk prescription for thyroxine to spain kids getting high on escitalopram can singulair be taken w a benadryl verapamil for sale isotretinoin 9 monate ciprofloxacin tab 500 mgm dose time antidote of telmisartan prednisone side effects short term use how can i tell if lamisil worked buspirone 10mg high valium celexa wellbutrin can zoloft cause paranoid personalty can synthroid cause odor in urine how much 25mg tablet of viagra cost clonidine mp 658 kasiat clopidogrel 10 mg can antivirals work on streep thorat how many weeks until cialis takes to work zithromax 500mg effectiveness on ganorrhea where can i get strattera in south africa periactin mechanism of action on motility propranolol gynecomastia gabapentin and pepto bismol cialis normal dosage es azithromycin 1g bueno para la balanitis amoxil generic brand name where to get mifepristone and misoprostol in indonesia seroquel groggy proscar price cvs mirtazapine combined with anti anxiety deadely interactions atorvastatin no precription for propecia diflucan for 9 year old flagyl 250 mg tablets for dogs side effects for dogs zyprexa delirium zithromax 1000mg price in philippines valtrex side effects dry skin and dry eyes zoloft for 12 year old gabapentin overdose nizoral 200mg obat panu augmentin 1g pret compensat pouequoi utilize le plavix misoprostol bleeding 3 weeks how long does paxil withdrawal symptoms last metformin side effects elderly montelukast precio mx die etinilestradiol price plavix drug doxycycline 100 mg antibiotics side effects cialis controversy 200mg cramps after clomid could i be pregnant is 120 mg of cymbalta normal can you buy nizoral in ireland cytotec original and fake diflucan cena tadalafil from goa india how much is augmentin at mercury drug levaquin dosage chlamydia phenergan syrup with codeine price ciprofloxacin 500mg for tinea versicolor jenis viagra yang mudah kita temukan voltaren 75mg tablets glucophage 750 can metronidazole vaginal gel be used for uti acyclovir scuba diving lowest price cialis cozumel off cymbalta rages 1 gram of floxacillin antibiotics generic no prescription viagra zovirax cream 10g clozaril 100 mg in pakistan atarax or seroquel for vyvanse insomnia metformin hcl yan etkileri generic nizoral 2 cymbalta 60 mg withdrawal symptoms augmentin ishale iyi gelirmi lexapro generic cost california dapoxetine 60 mg online in india metronidazole 200mg dose walmart singulair price composition of cyproheptadine natural antibiotic substitute for bactrin buying levitra mexico telogen effluvium from propecia 8 month old albuterol nebulizer treatment albuterol nebulizer coupons cara guna imexa antibiotic flomax and plavix buspirone 7.5 safe for pregnant women is it safe to take 40 mg of lexapro cytotec price in uae augmentin 625 duo price cytotec pregnancy buy ketoconazole online kidney stone finasteride treatment naproxen accord 250mg periactin vs zyrtec amlodipine 10 mg tablet can clomid work in a woman with scanty period at 42 se debe tomar cytotec con methegin isotretinoin capsules usp 5 mg price in india adalat la 30mg price in pak esomeprazole iv 40 mg twice daily can you take celebrex and norco together augmentin prospect bis supradoza 2.5 mg cialis how long does it last desogen birth control side effects buy viagra prescription online does lexapro cause insomnia tamoxifen citrate dosage for gyno mirtazapine 15 mg tab what does topamax do to parietal cells propecia 7 months ireland side effects of cymbalta atarax 0.25mg ulotka piroxicam hemorroides tab lasix action is it safe to use albuterol inhaler with lung cancer augmentin without dyes fluconazole to trea oral ulcers where to buy cyproheptadine hcl simvastatin and amlodipine semen blood levaquin 500 mg en espanol does clomid cause swollen breast after ovulation levofloxacin tablets ip 250 mg lamisil and alcohol side effects naproxen orifarm 500 safe high and safe low doses for albuterol inhaler buspirone extended release uk price for deltasone at walmart does cialis work better the second day nitroglycerin metoprolol wechselwirkung how many days should i take augmentin 875 for uti target nizoral cream thuoc misoprostol 100mg glucophage for sale ottawa does generic viagra exist specification of hydrochlorothiazide tablets 25 mg isoptin 40 mg twice a day can fluconazole 150mg help a man buy zithromax single dose buy generic paxil online digoxin contraindication pulse metronidazole and pseudomonas in bowel can you eat grapefruit while on teva telmisartan clozapine 25 mg side effects what are the side effects of quinine gabapentin order citalopram online uk buy clomid vancouver ketoconazole composition cream in patna bedanya cytotec dan gastrul is heart lump a common side effect of dutasteride tab celecoxib price in kenya drug mats zithromax ringworm levofloxacin potassium brand name india

Alternative English Texts for Mass

And more on celebrating extra Masses.
by Father Edward McNamara, LC | Source:

Answered by Legionary of Christ Father Edward McNamara, professor of liturgy at the Regina Apostolorum university.

Question: I have an inquiry about the possible alternative texts for Mass celebrated in the English language. I understand that the International Commission on English in the Liturgy (ICEL) holds the copyright for the official Roman Missal text for English. As such, I'm assuming that the official English text must come from ICEL. Is it possible for a bishop (or a conference of bishops for a particular country) to approve the use of another English text of the Roman Missal apart from that of ICEL? If so, under what conditions would this be permissible? I ask this because I noticed a parish priest using a very different text for the collect, prayer over the gifts, and prayer after Communion when doing the Mass in English in front of a congregation. This has disturbed me for quite some time since I believe it is not liturgical, especially in light of No. 846.1 of the Code of Canon Law ("In celebrating the sacraments the liturgical books approved by competent authority are to be observed faithfully; accordingly, no one is to add, omit, or alter anything in them on one's own authority"). -- C.B., Quezon City, Philippines

Answer: Although this question is capable enmeshing us in the legal technicalities of translation norms, I will attempt to simplify it as best I can.

ICEL is an international organ of 11 English-speaking bishops' conferences such as England, Ireland and the United States. Some other conferences, in which English is widely used, are associate members. ICEL is overseen by bishops who represent the conferences, even though it has its own staff who organize its regular activities.

ICEL is an instrument in the hands of the bishops' conferences. It is designed to provide, as far as possible, a uniform and high-quality English translation of the official Latin texts. The idea is to pool resources by selecting highly qualified translators and experts so as to produce reverent and singable English translations that are also literarily and theologically faithful to the original.

It is important to note, however, that ICEL offers its translations to the bishops. It has no authority of its own to officially approve a translation nor produce new texts or modify the official texts in any way.

Because of the number of bishops' conferences involved, the approval process for a new translation is inevitably complex. The process involves each episcopal conference separately examining a first draft and sending suggested modifications back to ICEL, which must then rework the text and send a definitive translation back to the bishops.

When a bishops' conference receives a definitive ICEL text it is once more placed before the body of bishops. A two-thirds majority of each bishops' conference is required for approval. At this stage the bishops may still make further modifications to the text as well as approve any adaptations of the translations. They may also opt not to use ICEL's translations and attempt to produce their own. Any such modifications would apply only within the territory of this particular conference.

Once a bishops' conference has approved the translation it goes to the Holy See, which may confirm the text as it is, but it may also introduce modifications of its own. This would be the case, for example, if some aspect of the translation is deemed unsatisfactory or if the Holy See desires that there be a single common version of a particular formula. The Holy See then sends the definitive text back to each bishops' conference which promulgates the new translation in that country.

The Holy See may also approve any adaptations or new texts composed by the bishops' conference for each particular country. These variant texts will only be printed in the missal issued for that country.

At this moment ICEL has completed its translation of the new 2001 Latin Missal. The text, divided into several sections, is now under consideration by the several bishops' conferences. Part of it, the Order of Mass (the invariable parts said by priests and faithful), has already received definitive approval from the Holy See but will not be used until the entire missal project has concluded.

From this sketch we can see that it is possible that more than one official English translation of liturgical texts can exist, even though the Holy See and the bishops themselves are striving to achieve a uniform English rendition of the Mass. They have been successful with respect to the future Order of Mass, but it remains to be seen if it can be accomplished for the variable parts of the missal.

With respect to the precise question at hand it is possible that the priest is using a different approved version of the current translation. This would be legitimate if the Philippine bishops' conference have not specified the use of a specific English missal and allow the use of any approved version of the prayers.

These prayers can vary from country to country. For example, the collect of the 21st Sunday of ordinary time in the missal used in the United States reads: "Father, Help us to seek the values that will bring us lasting joy in this changing world. In our desire for what you promise make us one in mind and heart."

In the breviary used in Australia, Great Britain and Ireland, this same prayer is rendered: "Lord, by your grace we are made one in mind and heart. Give us a love for what you command and a longing for what you promise, so that, amid this world's changes, our hearts may be set on the world of lasting joy."

Although both translations are officially approved it is hard to see how the translators could interpret the same Latin original so diversely. Such divergences demonstrate the effective need for the new, improved translation currently being considered.

* * *

Table Wine for Mass

Question: Could you please comment on the permissibility of using commercially available table wine for Mass? When the label clearly indicates "100% grape," this would seem to satisfy the requirements for validity. I ask the question because "altar wine" sells at a premium over table wine, and is generally not available without having to pay additional shipping charges. Having this option might appeal to pastors of poorer parishes who are looking for ways to trim parish expenses, and yet who are expected by the diocesan ordinary to offer the chalice to the laity at all Masses. -- A.L., Gallitzin, Pennsylvania

Answer: The principles involved in the determination of proper matter are relatively simple. The most recent official declaration on this point stems from the instruction "Redemptionis Sacramentum," No. 50, which basically sums up earlier laws and the Code of Canon Law, No. 924:

"The wine that is used in the most sacred celebration of the Eucharistic Sacrifice must be natural, from the fruit of the grape, pure and incorrupt, not mixed with other substances. During the celebration itself, a small quantity of water is to be mixed with it. Great care should be taken so that the wine intended for the celebration of the Eucharist is well conserved and has not soured. It is altogether forbidden to use wine of doubtful authenticity or provenance, for the Church requires certainty regarding the conditions necessary for the validity of the sacraments. Nor are other drinks of any kind to be admitted for any reason, as they do not constitute valid matter."

Almost a century earlier the Catholic Encyclopedia gave basically the same doctrine but added more details, all of which are still relevant.

"Wine is one of the two elements absolutely necessary for the sacrifice of the Eucharist. For valid and licit consecration vinum de vite, i.e. the pure juice of the grape naturally and properly fermented, is to be used. Wine made out of raisins, provided that from its colour and taste it may be judged to be pure, may be used (Collect. S. C. de Prop. Fide, n. 705). It may be white or red, weak or strong, sweet or dry. Since the validity of the Holy Sacrifice, and the lawfulness of its celebration, require absolutely genuine wine, it becomes the serious obligation of the celebrant to procure only pure wines. And since wines are frequently so adulterated as to escape minute chemical analysis, it may be taken for granted that the safest way of procuring pure wine is to buy it not at second hand, but directly from a manufacturer who understands and conscientiously respects the great responsibility involved in the celebration of the Holy Sacrifice. If the wine is changed into vinegar, or is become putrid or corrupted, if it was pressed from grapes that were not fully ripe, or if it is mixed with such a quantity of water that it can hardly be called wine, its use is forbidden (Missale Rom., De Defectibus, tit. iv, 1). If the wine begins to turn into vinegar, or to become putrid, or if the unfermented juice is pressed from the grape, it would be a grievous offence to use it, but it is considered valid matter (ibid., 2). To conserve weak and feeble wines, and in order to keep them from souring or spoiling during transportation, a small quantity of spirits of wine (grape brandy or alcohol) may be added, provided the following conditions are observed (1) The added spirit (alcohol) must have been distilled from the grape (ex genimime vitis); (2) the quantity of alcohol added, together with that which the wine contained naturally after fermentation, must not exceed eighteen per cent of the whole; (3) the addition must be made during the process of fermentation (S. Romana et Univ. Inquis., 5 August, 1896)."

Note that none of these documents speak about the obligation to use any officially denominated "Altar Wine" and indeed there is nothing special about official altar wine except that it is guaranteed to be nothing special.

If one could be equally certain that a cheaper table wine is 100% grape with no additions of other substances or of non-grape alcohol, then it would also be valid matter. To be certain, and before using it, one should inquire from the manufacturer regarding the process involved in making the wine so as to exclude any doubt whatsoever.

While any priest could make such an inquiry, it would be more prudent that it be done through the local ordinary who could then inform his clergy that, as well as official altar wines, such and such a brand of common table wine may also be considered as valid matter for the Eucharist.

Something similar can be said regarding the presence of minute traces of sulphites found in most modern wines as preservatives. As we explained in a follow-up on
July 13, 2004, our opinion is that since the sulphites do not change the nature of the wine, their presence does not affect validity.

An Australian reader offered some further qualities of sacramental wine that were not included in our earlier reply. "It could also be noted that that the wine used for the liturgy should not be fortified, no wine-based spirits, and that it should be 'still' -- no champagne or spumante!"

I would only specify that "fortified wine" usually means the likes of port, Marsala and sherry. It is not the case mentioned in our previous column, when grape alcohol is added to weak wines in order to preserve them, provided that the alcohol level does not exceed 18%.

Our Australian correspondent also commented that if price is not an issue, kosher wines from Jewish stores are guaranteed as valid for Mass.

Another reader, an abstainer from alcohol, suggested the generalized use of mustum (grape juice that is only minimally fermented) instead of wine. The reader wrote:

"I have also read papal documents explaining that the essential substance is 'grape,' not 'alcohol.' Although alcohol content of recognized altar wines are low, drinking and driving gives the wrong message to the people (both communicant and otherwise), regardless of sacramental and liturgical changes in substance and meanings. Catholics frequently drive to and from Mass, when receiving the chalice.

"Therefore, it concerns me that you fail to mention the legitimacy of using mustum, especially in cases where the priest celebrant is a self-proclaimed alcoholic. Having identified and sampled mustum which is acceptable for the chalice, I find that it fulfills the sacramental and liturgical purposes far more completely than the fermented varieties. However, I can understand why the chemically changed wine (the fermented version) is today regarded as the acceptable standard.

"Mustum is not freshly available all year round in every parish, and at its best it is highly volatile.  It requires very careful storage and handling, which would be impractical in most cases. However, I would like to stress that (1) fermentation is actually a process of chemical corruption of the grape juice (attempts to say otherwise can undermine the theology of transubstantiation because the science proves it), and (2) I know that the administration of alcoholic liquor from the chalice is pastorally and symbolically suspect (it fails to give good moral example).

"Therefore, with new technologies becoming more widely available for packaging, refrigerating and dispensing pure pressed grape juices (Tetra Paks, thermal insulators and so forth), I think the Church would be wise to stay awake and sober about the virtue and legitimacy of using unfermented mustum as an altar wine. The word 'wine' has not always been synonymous with 'booze'; it has also meant a deliciously flavored taste."

While respecting our reader's decision to refrain from alcohol, I beg to differ regarding both the interpretation of papal documents and the use of mustum.

First, the Church has always understood the proper matter of the sacrament to be wine (an alcoholic beverage), and not simple grape juice. When conceding the use of mustum in extraordinary circumstances, the Church stressed that it is at the limit of validity. Therefore I do not believe that this concession justifies extrapolating the case in order to recommend its general use.

Also, the nature of the chemical process of fermentation has absolutely nothing to do with transubstantiation, which occurs to the final product, not to the process.

Second, I would respectfully disagree with expressions such as "administration of alcoholic liquor from the chalice" as well as linking the idea of "drinking and driving" with receiving Communion under the species of wine. We should always treat with respect, indeed adoration, what has become Christ's precious blood and is no longer simple wine. It is true that the accident of alcohol would certainly have an adverse effect if taken in large quantities, but we must give priority to faith in what the wine has become. From the point of view of faith I fail to see how consuming the sacred species could be construed as giving a bad moral example.

Even from the material point of view our correspondent's argument is untenable. It is a good thing to abstain from alcohol as a spiritual sacrifice; indeed, it is a meritorious act. It is not obligatory, however, and Catholic doctrine has always held a generally positive outlook toward material things when used with moderation. In other words, if Catholics may imbibe moderate quantities of alcohol with a clear conscience, much more may they partake of Christ's precious blood.

Finally, a reader from Washington state asked: "For the feast of the Body and Blood of Christ, our church asked parishioners to 'bring your favorite bottle of wine' to be used as sacramental wine. Later, a flier was put out saying that 'as we enjoy the different flavors of the wines in coming weeks we would remember our diversity.' Doesn't this send the wrong message? Is this even allowed?"

From all that we had said about the care required in establishing the suitability of sacramental wine, it goes without saying that this is a very bad idea, and there is no small risk of compromising the validity of the sacrament, at least on some occasions. I would recommend that our correspondent inform the local bishop of what has occurred.

Even if there were no risk of invalidity, I can only wonder at the pastoral logic behind such an initiative. How could the quintessential sacrament of unity with God and our fellows be sequestered into becoming a vehicle for remembering our diversity?

* * *

Readers may send questions to Please put the word "Liturgy" in the subject field. The text should include your initials, your city and your state, province or country. Father McNamara can only answer a small selection of the great number of questions that arrive.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular