amiodarone 400 mg tab augmentin 650 impact on pregnancy tylenol with amitriptyline fosamax price us tamoxifen for fertility side effects ketoconazole together with ear drops for dogs cialis canada drug pharmacy feldene fast 20mg tabletki buy clomid tablets india estrace vs premarin mg does lamisil burn on open wound decadron australia cordarone itu obat apa celexa 5 mg to 10mg terbinafine in g6pd deficiency 5 year old azithromycin again does cipro and flagyl with probonics cause itching escitalopram mecanisme how often can i take 10mg of cialis no prescription viagra online pharmacy how to buy metronidazole 500 mg wellbutrin xl 150 90 day supply coupons will 60 mg of citalopram you high when does cipro and flagyl get out of your system 80 mg solumedrol is prednisone atorvastatin 80 mg tablet price generic warfarin colors 7.5 mixing indomethacin and ciprofloxacin amoxicillin antibiotic sale metformin cipla for pcos abortion cytotec dosage 8 weeks thyroxine urdu dexamethasone tablets online harga obat ketoconazole nizoral diltiazem 2 dim and finasteride azithromycin for strep throat 400 mg seroquel overdose azithromycin packet without prescription will dutasteride thin hair out at temples fungsi salep dexamethasone 0.5 mg doxycycline hyclate for staph propranolol gynecomastia zithromax 200mg 5ml oral suspension does flagyl make you bleed zithromax for 9 years old can 100 mg synthroid cause skin rash 25 mg zoloft zyprexa discussions hearing loss will clomid enlarged testicles drug interactions of 2.grams of zithromax.ajd klonapin allegra m generic alternate for rs. cytotec 50mg cytotec en panama is 400mg celebrex common dosage does after mensuration clomid side effects go patent on topiramate dr oz show on benefits of paxil colcrys without food candida fluconazole alcohol valacyclovir 2 grams buspar reviews how long to leave system cheap viagra cialis tablets fluconazole tablet how long do side effect last jakarta harga lamisil can you get high off mirtazapine is flagyl pill works as a morning after pill wellbutrin trip atomoxetine buy online azithromycin ip 500 mg injection benazepril hydrochloride 2.5 mg apo prednisone dog 50m mg side effects buy finasteride 1mg online uk does cialis help bladder control how long does buspar high last lasix online mastercard can you buy antibiotics over the counter uk can you eat ashwagandha while taking zoloft does marijuana conflict with cipro for a uti glucophage 500 mg para que sirve paxil 1 week what is climax dexamethasone sulfites interaccion con warfarina clomid 6 dpo no symptoms trazodone hcl 50 mg street value coumadin 3.1 valore harga clomid dan serophene why using amoxilin b.p 1000g super kamagra 2 in 1 deutschland buy levitra women cyproheptadine hydrochloride i.p.4mg tablets results for taking femara for 6 days instead of 5 cialis generic from canada how how to calculate synthroid dosage does celexa come in 5 mg dose levofloxacin stop working if consuming alcohol xenical weight loss pills price sa glimepiride 6 mg glimepiride precio 4mg buy celebrex canadian pharmacy i accidently took 40 mg of lipitor does atarax work like valium proscar litigation lisinopril 30 mg side effects buy premarin online uk googlediferencia entre viagra y cialis lexapro price of otc antibiotics for cold z pack xenical day 4 precio de linezolid ev 600mg en venezuela harga salep zovirax acyclovir bupropion price india buy flagyl 400 mg online can cytotec misoprostol use in earlier can my celexa take out my hair amitriptyline half life ciproflaxacin hcl for a dog what take for a cold while taking prozac and buspar cytotec comprimidos misoprostol do antidepressants cloud your judgement yahoo difference between lasix po and iv phenergan siro 90ml nolvadex pct buy australia para que sirve el metoprolol er 50 mg tablet flagyl buy atorvastatin lactone can fluconazole 50mg make m pms late can you take remeron and ace diet pill indomethacin gout antibiotics good for both sinusitis and acne fosamax 60mg lp how many 5ml amoxicillin treats stds dutasteride oily skin online pharmacy propecia viagra citalopram 40mg side effects en espanol how much baclofen does it take to make you high voltaren forte crema precio septra for strep throat can i use lamisil cream on a cold sore dose for 250 man nexium captopril 6 mg donde puedo comprar cytotec valencia estado carabobo ketoconazole for scars clopidogrel and alcohol interaction tadalafil online india does diflucan one treat oral thrush viagra doctor bite hard generic priligy india glucophage xr cause low vitamin d buspirone taking more then 60mg ciprofloxacin to treat tonsillitis propecia online drugstore viagra online purchase canada mengandung ketoconazole mg valacyclovir cost australia desogen and insecurity augmentin and zzzquil sertraline side effects menstrual cycle zofran injection code can you take cipro for ear infection will taking citalopram flexeril case side effects para que sirve la pastilla cytotec yahoo accutane for oily skin and mild acne when is the best time to take cialis 5mg buy viagra with paypal australia cialis chews leg twitch lisinopril clonidine hydrochloride 75 mcg cuantas cytotec se toman con 6 semanas de embarazo which is stronger tizanidine or baclofen chewable dental antibiotics pills online nexium and sun sensitivity hydroxyzine dichlorhydrate metolazone timing with iv lasix misoprostol tablets 200 mg mrp parig topamax during third trimester tamsulosin 0.8mg kidney stone albuterol para crup taking glucophage1000 while breastfeeding howany days does it take for diflucan to work viagra 4 sale australia purchase zovirax 15g mekanisme kerja dexamethasone pada pematangan paru can you take trazodone with prozac and buspar prometrium 400 mg for 10 days ondansetron odt price out of pocket prozac cost australia how long dog oes it take for neurontin to work on panic how quick will lasix work on dogs getting high on 50mg zoloft can alcohol and wellbutrin cause diarrhea cialis 30 day free trial coupon xenical before and after cialis 20 mg prices can you buy kamagra in portugal etodolac 200 mg street value gabapentin 300 can orgasm ex augmentin 1000 duo used for does clomid make period early or late viagra india buy how much amoxicillin can i give a 4 week old kitten does the periactin pills help with jock itch zofran get high digoxin metabolized prednisone 5mg tabs and ivf 10 mg prednisone accidentally metformina alkohol SUNNYDUVET.COM home made remidies for strongst erections dose of doxycycline in acne lisinopril teaching for the patients septran in phamacy ireland viagra price at walmart pharmacy 30 nexium 40 mg fluconazole 200 mg price metformin rash antidepressants that are energizing propecia cover under ohip generic substitute for zyprexa yeast infection not responding to diflucan or monistat obat solinfec ketoconazole rash while adult taking amoxicillin cost cialis daily how.much is amoxicillin at propranolol lek 40 mg tablet montelukast actavis 10 mg pakkausseloste finasteride 37 cytotec abortion pill uk how to buy safe on line levitra 10mg reviews montelukast nota 82 elavil 25 mg taken with prozac 10 mg 1dose azithromycin liquid for chlamydia to disappear can you ovulate while taking ciprofloxacin is naproxen sod 550mg a steriod purchase singulair paediatric 5mg side effects doxycycline time between dosage of codeine doxepin 25 mg prospect can i buy clomid in discem maalox fa male a chi prende coumadin bupropion sr 200 mg cost side effects of rapid release metformin uti antibiotics cipro took one dose of of azithromycin can i drink alcohol cutting azithromycin i. half to stop nuseau trazodone 50 mg sleep disorders lisinopril kidneys sonap naproxen sodium usp 500 mg furosemide mims australia buy zithromax online now cialis tablets lilly can ondansetron get u high clomid and progesterone while on birth control can you take topamax with hepatitis c dosage ivermectin25 lb dig scabies is phenergan safe for dogs dexamethasone 9 11 epoxide baclofen pump infection icd 9 code synthroid 50 mcg price what mg does celexa come in zithromax 500 mg intake for gonorrhea normal bp vs 60mg amlodipine metronidazole 500 mg make you pee orange dicounted generic clomid online lopressor mg lamisil and birth control celebrex 200 mg capsules espanol counterpain vs voltaren is prednisone safe for cats generic levitra pills amoxicillin and diclofenac together make cipro tabs into otic suspension tadalafil manipulado cytotec pills price in 5months pediatric septra taste dojenje i propranolol functiinal class of zofran is 100mg of atenolol equel to 10 mg of bystolic buspar 10 mg three times a day user review of 450mg wellbutrin where to buy erythromycin for campylobacter in puppies salep gel feldene arimidex dosage steroids efectos secundarios de la provera can cardizem cd cause crackling in breathing viagra for what purpose is being used montelukast 4 mg chew tabs reviews cost of 450 mg of fluconazole does baclofen contain steroids amitriptyline hoe much on street how long will diflucan take to work can you drink alcohol while taking mirtazapine mirtazapine for sale for dogs pros and cons of cialis zyvoxid 200mg fiyat lamisil and rectal bleeding average augmentin dose for strep adult buying plavix online gabapentin make you high fluconazole 150mg nexium interaction estrace .5 price of doxazosin 2 mg hyzaar 100 25 mg pre?§o can i take gyneacocid after taking cytotec discrete viagra australia 7 days diet pills in mercury drugstore 500 mg amitriptyline kill someone gambar metronidazole untuk obat keputihan pregnant 500mg metformin dopo quanto tempo fa effetto voltaren while on lexapro can i take pepto bismal benzonatate with warfarin interaction wellbutrin xl from 300 to 450 walmart over the counter cialis substitute ptsd topiramate metronidazole for fish treatment can you buy nexium online glumet dc metformin 500 mg how long will the effects of lasix 20 mg last voltaren untuk anus zoloft and adderall making me tired zoloft 8th day ciprofloxacin safe for levaquin allergy diflucan 50 mg posologie buy proventil inhaler online no prescription bactrim forte in std metformin 250 mg price is zoloft 5mg the same as sertraline 50 mg pablo tablet is antibiotic or not metronidazole side effects for the elderly metoprolol mecanism de actiune needing higher lexapro after 6 months viagra 800 pills 4m da chemist 4 lnger erection 10 day diflucan treatment for thrush decadron 4 mg cuales son los efecto secundario metformin denk 850 mg para adelgazar montelukast in egypt metronidazole 500 mg while pregnant walmart femara cost holland and barrett viagra pill topamax and antianxiety medication quetiapine indications australia obat lasik furosemide obat etamox amoxicillin 500 mg fish oil to help tamoxifen fog metformin hcl bp500mg side effect lasix uk racing convert im lasix to po zoloft side effects 4 weeks significado benicaramlo seroquel 25mg price without insurance lisinopril side effects lisinopril recall warfarin 1mg cost role of azithromycin in chicken pox metformin irregular periods eating disorder when hiccups would stop after taking baclofen fluconazole over the counter tablet how long does clomid pregnancy stay before positive bactrim 960 pill size commande furosemide 100 mg zoloft online prescription

Extraordinary Ministers and Both Species of Communion

And more on shifting or substituting the Sunday Liturgy.
by Father Edward McNamara, LC | Source:

Question: I understand that the use of extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion is to be just that, "extraordinary." I also understand that the distribution of the Blessed Sacrament under both species to all the faithful has been allowed by the U.S. bishops' conference, given its fuller sign value. Thus my question is this: Which trumps which? It is almost unheard of for a parish to distribute Communion under both species without recourse to extraordinary ministers. Is it preferable to avoid using extraordinary ministers and distribute under one species only? Or is it preferable to distribute under both species and have recourse to extraordinary ministers on an ordinary basis? -- V.D., New York

Answer: I would say that the word "extraordinary" has several shades of meaning and this probably leads to some confusion.

From the liturgical point of view, an extraordinary minister is one who performs a liturgical act in virtue of a special delegation and not as an ordinary minister. Thus, in the case of Holy Communion, the ordinary ministers are the bishop, priest and deacon. That is, it is a normal part of their ministry to distribute Communion.

Anyone else who distributes Communion does so as an extraordinary minister. That is, it is not a normal part of their liturgical functions, but they have received this mission in virtue of a delegation. The instituted acolyte receives this delegation ex officio, so to speak, in virtue of his institution. He may also purify the sacred vessels in the absence of the deacon as well as expose and reserve the Blessed Sacrament in a simple manner for a period of adoration.

All other ministers act in virtue of a habitual delegation from the local bishop, usually acting through the pastor, or an immediate ad hoc delegation from the priest celebrant to respond to difficult circumstances.

Therefore, the status of extraordinary minister is not dependent on the ministry's frequency but rather pertains to the nature of the ministry itself. Even if one were to assist in administrating Communion every day for several years, one never becomes an ordinary minister in the canonical or liturgical sense.

Another case of the concept of extraordinary minister is the role of a priest with respect to the sacrament of confirmation in the Latin rite. Canon law Nos. 882-888 state that the bishop is the ordinary minister of confirmation, but the law foresees the possibility of priests administering this sacrament under certain conditions.

For most other sacraments, especially penance, Eucharist, holy orders and anointing of the sick, there is no possibility of extraordinary ministers.

However, the current use of the word extraordinary is not unknown in liturgical norms. For example, the 2004 instruction "Redemptionis Sacramentum" says: "It is the Priest celebrant's responsibility to minister Communion, perhaps assisted by other Priests or Deacons; and he should not resume the Mass until after the Communion of the faithful is concluded. Only when there is a necessity may extraordinary ministers assist the Priest celebrant in accordance with the norm of law" (No. 88).

This same document refers to the practice of Communion under both species:

"[100.] So that the fullness of the sign may be made more clearly evident to the faithful in the course of the Eucharistic banquet, lay members of Christ’s faithful, too, are admitted to Communion under both kinds, in the cases set forth in the liturgical books, preceded and continually accompanied by proper catechesis regarding the dogmatic principles on this matter laid down by the Ecumenical Council of Trent.

"[101.] In order for Holy Communion under both kinds to be administered to the lay members of Christ's faithful, due consideration should be given to the circumstances, as judged first of all by the diocesan Bishop. It is to be completely excluded where even a small danger exists of the sacred species being profaned …."

Thus, while Communion under both species is praised there might be circumstances where prudence recommends forgoing it because of the practical difficulties entailed. Hence "Redemptionis Sacramentum" continues in No. 102:

"The chalice should not be ministered to lay members of Christ's faithful where there is such a large number of communicants that it is difficult to gauge the amount of wine for the Eucharist and there is a danger that 'more than a reasonable quantity of the Blood of Christ remain to be consumed at the end of the celebration.' The same is true wherever access to the chalice would be difficult to arrange, or where such a large amount of wine would be required that its certain provenance and quality could only be known with difficulty, or wherever there is not an adequate number of sacred ministers or extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion with proper formation, or where a notable part of the people continues to prefer not to approach the chalice for various reasons, so that the sign of unity would in some sense be negated."

From this text we can adduce that, in principle at least, Church norms recognize the possibility of using well-formed extraordinary ministers to assist in distributing Communion under both species. Therefore, rather than one norm trumping the other, it is a question of evaluating all the pertinent circumstances before deciding what to do. The mere fact of having to use extraordinary ministers does not appear to be a sufficient reason not to proceed with Communion under both species, provided that the ministers are duly qualified.

While Communion under both species is graced with indubitable spiritual advantages, it is not an absolute value and, as the norms suggest, it should be omitted if there is any danger of profanation or due to serious practical difficulties.

Nobody is deprived of any grace by not receiving from the chalice, as Christ is received whole and entire under either species.

* * *

Shifting or Substituting the Sunday Liturgy

Question 1: We here in Nepal have a very peculiar situation. Sunday is a normal working day in this country (I believe also in many Arabian countries). Therefore, over many years (30-plus), we have been having our entire Sunday celebration shifted to Saturday, the only day on which people could participate fully. However, this has led to some confusion: For some people it is hard to feel that the Sunday obligation is fulfilled by attending Mass on Saturday. Another problem is the question over what Mass to celebrate on Sunday. Some of us just repeat the same Mass; some others instead celebrate the Saturday Mass on Sunday. At times, some of the feasts on Saturdays are lost because of our particular situation. I personally miss the Saturday Mass, because I am used to celebrating on both days. And to add to all this, is our national calendar, which is different from the Gregorian calendar; the month begins somewhere in the middle of the Gregorian calendar. For all official purposes we have to use that national calendar, and most of our people too use that calendar. For example, we had debates on several occasions: When is the first Friday of the month? As per the Nepali calendar or the Christian calendar? -- P.P., Katmandu, Nepal

Question 2: Here in our country, very often parishes celebrate the parish feast on Sundays, e.g. the feast of St Jude's Church, etc. Is this correct? If the Sunday Readings are not proclaimed but some other readings pertaining to the feast day are read, I thought that it is not right to do so. -- M.J., Colombo, Sri Lanka

Answer: As both questions are related to the Sunday liturgy, I will attempt to answer them together.

In the first case, it is important to remember that for Christians Sunday as such is not a transferable feast. During the first three centuries Christians met on Sunday even though it was a normal working day, and many of them were slaves taking a great risk. This often meant getting up very early or perhaps sneaking out in the evening. (Of course, we are also in an epoch when the mere fact of being a Christian could lead to a painful death.) As one group of ancient martyrs famously related to the magistrate who sentenced them, "We cannot live without Sunday."

Sunday Mass has not lost any of its value or importance to the lives of Catholics, nor have they become less heroic in defending their faith as recent events have shown. At the same time, the present circumstances of Christian living and the Church's desire to care for the spiritual needs of as many of the flock as possible can lead to some innovations.

Therefore what is the situation of Sunday in Nepal, Arabia and some similar situations?

First of all, Sunday always remains Sunday, and the proper liturgy of the day should always be celebrated. Likewise as far as possible the faithful should attend Mass on Sunday or on Saturday evening. If it is necessary and useful, then priests should be willing to celebrate Mass at unusual times.

In those cases where permission has been granted for Sunday liturgy to be celebrated on a Friday or Saturday morning because Sunday is a normal workday, it is important to note that it is not a case of transferring Sunday to another day. Rather, it is a pastoral response so that those Catholics who find it impossible to attend Mass on Saturday evening or Sunday might not be deprived of the riches offered by the three-year cycle of biblical readings and prayers.

Canonically speaking, those who are objectively unable to attend Sunday Mass are dispensed from the precept and in fact have no obligation to attend Mass on Friday or Saturday Morning. If they do attend, then they do something that is very good. And when this is a common situation pastors act well in addressing their spiritual needs by providing the best liturgical fare while being careful to avoid the impression that they are moving Sunday to another day.

As our correspondent points out, this can sometimes lead to losing some celebrations that fall on a Saturday. In some cases it might be enough to mention the feast in the prayers of the faithful and the homily; on others it might be pastorally more useful to actually celebrate the feast on Saturday morning instead of using the Sunday texts.

The other question, regarding the proper calendar to follow when the local one is different, is something of a conundrum. In such cases the local bishops would be the ones to decide. If need be, the bishop would ask the Holy See for permission to change the dates of certain liturgical feasts that are tied to the Gregorian calendar, such as the solemnity of the Sacred Heart.

Since practices such as the first Friday or first Saturdays are devotional and not official liturgical practices, I see no difficulty in adjusting the practice to local needs.

Finally, a reply to our reader from Sri Lanka: Since the patron saint of a parish is usually ranked as a solemnity within the parish church itself, it is permitted to transfer the celebration to the nearest Sunday so as to allow as many parishioners as possible to attend.

* * *

Readers may send questions to Please put the word "Liturgy" in the subject field. The text should include your initials, your city and your state, province or country. Father McNamara can only answer a small selection of the great number of questions that arrive.

Click Here to Donate Now!

Join the new media evangelization. Your tax-deductible gift allows to build a culture of life in our nation and throughout the world. Please help us promote the Church's new evangelization by donating to right now. God bless you for your generosity.




Post a Comment
Write a comment on this article

Email required (will not be published)
required Country

Most Popular